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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Separation of Powers: An Overview

Separation of Powers: An Overview

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report provides an overview of separation of powers. It reviews the philosophical and political origins of the doctrine, surveys the structure of separation of power in the Constitution, and discusses the consequences of the system for both the institutions and for individual political actors. Finally, there is a discussion of separation of powers in the context of contemporary politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the history of the negotiations between Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders, a review of the negotiations since 2008, and a description of some of the issues involved in the talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics and Governance

Iraq: Politics and Governance

Date: December 31, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report provides background and analysis on the politics of Iraq, including its communities, its governing personalities and factions, security forces and militias, and the government's human rights record. The report does not provide a detailed analysis of the U.S.-led campaign to defeat Islamic State forces in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. The Bahrain government's use of repression against the unrest has presented a policy dilemma for the Obama Administration because Bahrain is a longtime ally that is pivotal to maintaining Persian Gulf security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State--Frequently Asked Questions: Threats, Global Implications, and U.S. Policy Responses

The Islamic State--Frequently Asked Questions: Threats, Global Implications, and U.S. Policy Responses

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Rollins, John W. & Peters, Heidi M.
Description: With the attacks in Beirut, over Egypt, and in Paris, the Islamic State has demonstrated a transnational capability that suggests its strategic objectives and tactics have evolved. The response to these attacks by the United States and other nations continues to evolve as the threat posed by IS changes. This report poses frequently asked questions with answers excerpted from other CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Islamic State" and U.S. Policy

The "Islamic State" and U.S. Policy

Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report discusses the The Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL/ISIS, or the Arabic acronym Daesh), which is a transnational Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group that controls large areas of Iraq and Syria, has adherents in several other countries, and disrupts regional and international security with violence and terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Date: November 17, 2015
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an overview and assessment of the relationship between the Untied States and Poland over the last 25 years, including developmentents in Poland that are of interest to the U.S. Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics and Governance

Iraq: Politics and Governance

Date: November 13, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report provides background and analysis on the politics of Iraq, including its communities, governing personalities and factions, security forces and militias, and the government's human rights record.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Date: November 13, 2015
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides information and analysis relevant for Congress on the following: Assessments of U.S.-Turkey relations, Turkish foreign policy, and Turkey's strategic orientation, Turkish efforts to cooperate with the United States against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and key issues regarding Turkey's domestic politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tropical Storm? The Supreme Court Considers Double Jeopardy and the Sovereign Status of Puerto Rico

Tropical Storm? The Supreme Court Considers Double Jeopardy and the Sovereign Status of Puerto Rico

Date: November 4, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses the nature of the relationship between the United States government and the territory of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Based in part on statutory language providing that the relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States is "in the nature of a compact," arguments have been made that any change in Puerto Rico's political status must be consented to by both parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impeachment and Removal

Impeachment and Removal

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Cole, Jared P. & Garvey, Todd
Description: This report discusses the impeachment process, which provides a mechanism for removal of the President, Vice President, and other "civil Officers of the United States" found to have engaged in "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's 2015 Presidential Election

Argentina's 2015 Presidential Election

Date: October 26, 2015
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Argentinian Presidential election, held on October 25, 2015. The close results set up a second round on November 22, 2015, between Daniel Scioli and Mauricio Macri.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: October 26, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. Public unrest has diminished, but occasional large demonstrations, opposition boycotts of elections, and continued arrests of dissidents counter government assertions that Bahrain has "returned to normal."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elections in Haiti

Elections in Haiti

Date: October 20, 2015
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report briefly discusses various issues regarding the election process in Haiti. Haiti is in the midst of a national election cycle to fill all 119 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, 20 seats in the 30-seat Senate, and most municipal offices - and to elect a new president.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: October 15, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines the current political state of Afghanistan at length, discussing the political background, security policy, and regional relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Date: October 9, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.; Humud, Carla E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing conflict in Syria and provides an overview of U.S. Policy responses. The rise of the insurgent terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant or ISIL/ISIS) and Russia's military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government have reshaped debates over U.S. policy toward the ongoing civil conflict in Syria, now in its fifth year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: October 5, 2015
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests, and Congress plays an active role in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy questions and considerations for Members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report looks at Kuwait's relationships with its neighbors in the Persian Gulf, and its own political system which has been in turmoil since 2006. Kuwait remains pivotal to U.S. efforts to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its willingness to cooperate with U.S. strategy and military operations in the region and its proximity to both Iran and Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Date: September 30, 2015
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an overview and assessment of some of the main dimensions of the topic of developments in Poland and its relations with the United States, which are of continuing interest to the U.S. Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Canada's October 2015 Elections

Canada's October 2015 Elections

Date: September 22, 2015
Creator: Meyer, Peter J. & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report discusses the political climate in Canada, leading up to Canada's next election, scheduled for October 19, 2015. The outcome of the election may have implications for the United States, which is Canada's largest trading partner, largest energy consumer, and NATO ally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guatemala: President Pérez Resigns; Runoff Presidential Election on October 25

Guatemala: President Pérez Resigns; Runoff Presidential Election on October 25

Date: September 17, 2015
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report provides background on the runoff presidential election in Guatemala following the resignation of President Otto Pérez Molina in September. In response to a court order, he appeared at court to hear charges of criminal association, corruption, and fraud brought against him; Congress accepted Pérez's resignation and swore in Vice President Alejandro Maldonado as president.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: September 14, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic landscape of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and its relationship with the U.S. The UAE has been a significant U.S. partner in Gulf security for more than two decades, and the alliance has deepened further in recent years in order to address multiple regional threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: September 14, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses various issues regarding politics and government, foreign policy, and counter-terrorism in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE has been a significant U.S. partner in Gulf security for more than two decades, and the alliance has deepened further in recent years in order to address multiple regional threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Date: September 10, 2015
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the history of the negotiations between Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders, a review of the negotiations since 2008, and a description of some of the issues involved in the talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department