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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines the current political state of Afghanistan at length, discussing the political background, security policy, and regional relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, which probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads, although it could have more. Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is widely regarded as designed to dissuade India from taking military action against Pakistan, but Islamabad's expansion of its nuclear arsenal, development of new types of nuclear weapons, and adoption of a doctrine called "full spectrum deterrence" have led to concern about an increased risk of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aung San Suu Kyi's Party Takes Control of Parliament in Burma

Aung San Suu Kyi's Party Takes Control of Parliament in Burma

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses politics and government in Burma following elections in November 2015. Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) has now assumed control of Burma's Union Parliament. The lower chamber (People's Assembly) and the upper chamber (National Assembly) took office on February 1 and 3, 2016, respectively.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report provides background on the Islamic State organization, discussing its goals, operations, and affiliates, as well as analyzing related U.S. legislative and policy debates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report describes the relationship between the United States and the Sultanate of Oman, especially with respect to Oman's support of U.S. efforts toward peace in the Middle East, the U.S. free trade agreement with Oman, and Oman's relatively close relations with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conflict and History at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

Conflict and History at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: Corn, M. L.
Description: This report briefly discusses the conflict at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge (MNWR) in January of 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Questions and Answers

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report serves as a primer on the European Union and provides a brief description of U.S.-EU relations that may be of interest in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act

Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act

Date: January 15, 2016
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Rinehart, Ian E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report covers the overall relationship between the U.S. and North Korea, with an emphasis on nuclear diplomacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, which probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads, although it could have more. Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is widely regarded as designed to dissuade India from taking military action against Pakistan, but Islamabad's expansion of its nuclear arsenal, development of new types of nuclear weapons, and adoption of a doctrine called "full spectrum deterrence" have led to concern about an increased risk of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guatemala: One President Resigns; Another Elected, to Be Inaugurated January 14

Guatemala: One President Resigns; Another Elected, to Be Inaugurated January 14

Date: January 11, 2016
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses the transfer of power to the newly-elected president of Guatemala and its context, following the resignation of the former president and vice-president, their arrest for government corruption, and the succeeding interim government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report provides information on the Community Services Block Grant (CSBG), which funds a network of local antipoverty agencies. It begins with background information on the CSBG and related activities, discusses a proposal pending in Congress to reauthorize CSBG and related activities, summarizes a new "Upward Mobility Project" initiative of the Obama Administration, and discusses current and recent funding activities affecting the CSBG.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Separation of Powers: An Overview

Separation of Powers: An Overview

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report provides an overview of separation of powers. It reviews the philosophical and political origins of the doctrine, surveys the structure of separation of power in the Constitution, and discusses the consequences of the system for both the institutions and for individual political actors. Finally, there is a discussion of separation of powers in the context of contemporary politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the history of the negotiations between Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders, a review of the negotiations since 2008, and a description of some of the issues involved in the talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics and Governance

Iraq: Politics and Governance

Date: December 31, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report provides background and analysis on the politics of Iraq, including its communities, its governing personalities and factions, security forces and militias, and the government's human rights record. The report does not provide a detailed analysis of the U.S.-led campaign to defeat Islamic State forces in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. The Bahrain government's use of repression against the unrest has presented a policy dilemma for the Obama Administration because Bahrain is a longtime ally that is pivotal to maintaining Persian Gulf security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State--Frequently Asked Questions: Threats, Global Implications, and U.S. Policy Responses

The Islamic State--Frequently Asked Questions: Threats, Global Implications, and U.S. Policy Responses

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Rollins, John W. & Peters, Heidi M.
Description: With the attacks in Beirut, over Egypt, and in Paris, the Islamic State has demonstrated a transnational capability that suggests its strategic objectives and tactics have evolved. The response to these attacks by the United States and other nations continues to evolve as the threat posed by IS changes. This report poses frequently asked questions with answers excerpted from other CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Islamic State" and U.S. Policy

The "Islamic State" and U.S. Policy

Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report discusses the The Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL/ISIS, or the Arabic acronym Daesh), which is a transnational Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group that controls large areas of Iraq and Syria, has adherents in several other countries, and disrupts regional and international security with violence and terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Date: November 17, 2015
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an overview and assessment of the relationship between the Untied States and Poland over the last 25 years, including developmentents in Poland that are of interest to the U.S. Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics and Governance

Iraq: Politics and Governance

Date: November 13, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report provides background and analysis on the politics of Iraq, including its communities, governing personalities and factions, security forces and militias, and the government's human rights record.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Date: November 13, 2015
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides information and analysis relevant for Congress on the following: Assessments of U.S.-Turkey relations, Turkish foreign policy, and Turkey's strategic orientation, Turkish efforts to cooperate with the United States against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and key issues regarding Turkey's domestic politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tropical Storm? The Supreme Court Considers Double Jeopardy and the Sovereign Status of Puerto Rico

Tropical Storm? The Supreme Court Considers Double Jeopardy and the Sovereign Status of Puerto Rico

Date: November 4, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses the nature of the relationship between the United States government and the territory of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Based in part on statutory language providing that the relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States is "in the nature of a compact," arguments have been made that any change in Puerto Rico's political status must be consented to by both parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impeachment and Removal

Impeachment and Removal

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Cole, Jared P. & Garvey, Todd
Description: This report discusses the impeachment process, which provides a mechanism for removal of the President, Vice President, and other "civil Officers of the United States" found to have engaged in "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's 2015 Presidential Election

Argentina's 2015 Presidential Election

Date: October 26, 2015
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Argentinian Presidential election, held on October 25, 2015. The close results set up a second round on November 22, 2015, between Daniel Scioli and Mauricio Macri.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: October 26, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. Public unrest has diminished, but occasional large demonstrations, opposition boycotts of elections, and continued arrests of dissidents counter government assertions that Bahrain has "returned to normal."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department