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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Statutory Offices of Inspector General: Past and Present
Statutory offices of inspector general (OIG) consolidate responsibility for audits and investigations within a federal agency. Established by public law as permanent, nonpartisan, independent offices, they now exist in more than 60 establishments and entities, including all departments and largest agencies, along with numerous boards and commissions. Various initiatives and proposals in the 110th Congress are designed to strengthen the IGs' independence, add to their reports, and create new posts in the Intelligence Community. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10537/
Impeachment: An Overview of Constitutional Provisions, Procedure, and Practice
On June 19, 2009, the House voted to impeach U.S. District Judge Samuel B. Kent of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas. The impeachment process provides a mechanism for removal of the President, Vice President, and other federal civil officers found to have engaged in "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors." This report explains the impeachment process, including its history and the process itself. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29531/
Impeachment: An Overview of Constitutional Provisions, Procedure, and Practice
On June 19, 2009, the House voted to impeach U.S. District Judge Samuel B. Kent of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas. The impeachment process provides a mechanism for removal of the President, Vice President, and other federal civil officers found to have engaged in "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors." This report explains the impeachment process, including its history and the process itself. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29530/
Electricity Restructuring Background: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)
This report provides background information on PUHCA, including its history and impact. It also discusses how PUHCA reform fits into the current electric utility industry restructuring debate. This report will be updated as events warrant. For related information on electricity restructuring, see the CRS Electronic Briefing Book. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs892/
Ordering a Rollcall Vote in the Senate
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Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights
Iraq's political system is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition and formation of cross-sectarian alliances. However, ethnic and sectarian political and sometimes violent infighting continues, often involving the questionable use of key levers of power and legal institutions. This infighting-and the belief that holding political power may mean the difference between life and death for the various political communities-significantly delayed agreement on a new government that was to be selected following the March 7, 2010, national elections for the Council of Representatives (COR, parliament). With U.S. diplomatic help, on November 10, 2010, major ethnic and sectarian factions agreed on a framework for a new government, breaking the long deadlock. The agreement, under which Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki is serving a second term, was implemented when a broad-based cabinet was confirmed on December 21, 2010. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40260/
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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U.S. Citizenship of Persons Born in the United States to Alien Parents
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Trade Policymaking in the European Union: Institutional Framework
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Sri Lanka: Background and U.S. Relations
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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U.S. Citizenship of Persons Born in the United States to Alien Parents
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Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term
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Inherently Governmental Functions and Department of Defense Operations: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress
An "inherently governmental function" is one that, as a matter of law and policy, must be performed by federal government employees and cannot be contracted out because it is "intimately related to the public interest." This report explores various sides of the debate as to what exactly constitutes an "inherently governmental function," as there is currently no one uniform definition. Congress is concerned that inconsistent definitions may lead to improperly contracted jobs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26166/
Expedited Citizenship Through Military Service: Policy and Issues
This report discusses the interest in legislation to expand the citizenship benefits of aliens serving in the military. Multiple bills provide for expedited or posthumous citizenship as the result of military service (H.R. 1275, H.R. 1588, H.R. 1685, H.R. 1691, H.R. 1714, H.R. 1799, H.R. 1806, H.R. 1814, H.R. 1850, H.R. 1953, H.R. 1954, H.R. 2887, S. 783, S. 789, S. 897, S. 922, and S. 940). Variously, these bills would, among other things, reduce or eliminate the 3-year requirement for peacetime service, permit proceedings to be conducted abroad, waive processing fees, modify posthumous citizenship procedures, and provide some type of immigration benefit to surviving immediate relatives of citizens (including posthumous citizens) who die as a result of serving in active duty or, more narrowly, in a combat zone during wartime. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7710/
National Security Whistleblowers
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The Law of Church and State: Opinions of Judge Samuel Alito
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Smallpox Vaccine Stockpile and Vaccination Policy
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Congressional Gifts and Travel: Legislative Proposals for the 109th Congress
The House and Senate examined their rules on the acceptance of gifts and travel expenses. Press accounts of alleged excesses in privately funded congressional travel and gifts, particularly from lobbyists, have provided an impetus for proposed changes in the 109th Congress. This report provides an analysis of the proposals for change introduced or discussed in the 109th Congress and will be updated as events warrant. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8345/
Charitable Choice: Legal and Constitutional Issues
This report provides analysis of a number of factual, civil rights, and constitutional questions that have been raised regarding charitable choice in general. The analysis is generally focused on those provisions enacted as part of the 1996 welfare reform law. More recent charitable choice rules may give rise to the same or similar concerns. Primarily, this report focuses on civil rights concerns that have arisen in the context of charitable choice and First Amendment issues, as well as recent legal developments related to charitable choice. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8340/
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Nuclear Weapon Initiatives: Low-Yield R&D, Advanced Concepts, Earth Penetrators, Test Readiness
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Nuclear Weapon Initiatives: Low-Yield R&D, Advanced Concepts, Earth Penetrators, Test Readiness
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Nuclear Weapon Initiatives: Low-Yield R&D, Advanced Concepts, Earth Penetrators, Test Readiness
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Compendium of Precedents Involving Evidentiary Rulings and Applications of Evidentiary Principles from Selected Impeachment Trials
At the present time, there are no binding rules of evidence or set of evidentiary principles to be applied in Senate impeachment trials. Rather, recourse is taken to the evidentiary rules and principles applicable in contemporaneous court proceedings and to precedents from past impeachment trial to provide guidance for Senate Impeachment Trial Committees or for the full Senate on evidentiary questions which arise in the impeachment context. This report compiles evidentiary precedents from the Senate impeachment trials of Judges Harry E. Claiborne, Halsted Ritter, Harold Louderback, and Charles Swayne. The evidentiary rulings and principles gleaned from this examination are arranged in subject matter categories, and within those categories, in reverse chronological order by trial. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3/
The Law of Church and State: Public Aid to Sectarian Schools
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Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, 2001-2002 Term
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Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, 2001-2002 Term
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A Directory of Some Interest Groups and Governmental Organizations Concerned With National Environmental Policies
This report briefly describes selected associations that have demonstrated strong and continuous interest in environmental protection policies of the United States. It provides background information on some of the active participants in national policy discussions. The set of organizations abstracted for this report is not comprehensive; many groups necessarily have been omitted, often because they failed to respond to our request for information. An attempt was made to balance divergent political opinions and to include groups with different perspectives. All associations included in the report have nationwide membership, maintain an office in the vicinity of the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, and actively seek to influence national (as opposed to international or regional) environmental policies. The financial information provided varies depending on what was available to CRS. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs55/
Free and Reduced-Rate Television Time for Potential Candidates
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Restructuring Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Restructuring Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Restructuring Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues
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