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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Philippines: Briefing Paper
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs241/
Japan's Politics and Government in Transition
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs150/
Japan's Uncertain Political Transition
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs350/
Japan's Uncertain Political Transition
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs250/
Japan's Uncertain Political Transition
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs152/
Japan's Uncertain Political Transition
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs151/
Mongolia: Briefing Paper
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs243/
Macedonia: Conflict Spillover Prevention
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs762/
North Korea After Kim Il Sung
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs149/
Puerto Rico: A Chronology of Political Status History
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs759/
German Unification
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7364/
The Unification of Germany: Background and Analysis of the Two-Plus-Four Talks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7363/
China in Transition: Changing Conditions and Implications for U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs72/
NATO Enlargement and Russia
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs610/
July 1992 Japanese Elections
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs25/
The Russian Financial Crisis: An Analysis of Trends, Causes, and Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs989/
Basic Questions on U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization
U.S. citizenship is conferred at birth under the principle of jus soli (nationality of place of birth) and the principle of jus sanguinis (nationality of parents). The U.S. Constitution states as a fundamental rule of jus soli citizenship that "all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside." The exceptions to universal citizenship comprehended by the requirement that a person be born "subject to the jurisdiction thereof" include: (1) children born to a foreign sovereign or accredited diplomatic official; (2) children born on a foreign public vessel, such as a warship; (3) children born to an alien enemy in hostile occupation; and (4) native Indians. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26024/
Japan's Prime Minister: Selection Process, 1991 Candidates, and Implications for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs15/
Kosovo: Greek and Turkish Perspectives
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs951/
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs457/
The Intersection Between the Former Presidents Act and the Impeachment Process
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7704/
Lobbying Disclosure Technical Amendments Act of 1997, S. 758
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs761/
Bosnian Muslim-Croat Federation: Key to Peace in Bosnia?
The Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina was established in March 1994, with U.S. mediation. It aims to unite areas held by the largely Bosniak (Muslim) pre-war republic government with areas held by Croats. The Bosnian peace agreement, signed in Dayton in November 1995, recognized the Federation and the Bosnian Serb Republika Srpska as two largely autonomous entities within a weak, but sovereign Bosnia and Hercegovina union. Real political, economic and military integration of Bosniak and Croat-held areas has been slow to materialize. The United States has played a key role in setting up the Federation and in efforts to make it viable. The long term viability of the Federation is open to question, however, due to continued mistrust between the two sides and significant differences in their perceived interests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs756/
Background to the Overthrow of President Aristide
This report provides background information on the violent and authoritarian traditions that have characterized Haiti's political dynamics since Haiti attained independence in 1804. It examines Haiti's difficult path toward democracy after the fall of the Duvalier regime, from numerous short-lived governments until the election of Aristide. Finally, the report also surveys Aristide's rule and his subsequent overthrow by the Haitian military. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26034/
State Techniques to Blunt the Governor's Item-Veto Power
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs297/
China's Prospects After Tiananmen Square: Current Conditions, Future Scenarios, and a Survey of Expert Opinion
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs14/
Electricity Restructuring Background: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)
This report provides background information on PUHCA, including its history and impact. It also discusses how PUHCA reform fits into the current electric utility industry restructuring debate. This report will be updated as events warrant. For related information on electricity restructuring, see the CRS Electronic Briefing Book. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs892/
A Directory of Some Interest Groups and Governmental Organizations Concerned With National Environmental Policies
This report briefly describes selected associations that have demonstrated strong and continuous interest in environmental protection policies of the United States. It provides background information on some of the active participants in national policy discussions. The set of organizations abstracted for this report is not comprehensive; many groups necessarily have been omitted, often because they failed to respond to our request for information. An attempt was made to balance divergent political opinions and to include groups with different perspectives. All associations included in the report have nationwide membership, maintain an office in the vicinity of the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, and actively seek to influence national (as opposed to international or regional) environmental policies. The financial information provided varies depending on what was available to CRS. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs55/
Free and Reduced-Rate Television Time for Potential Candidates
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs427/
Lobbying by Foreign Interests: Japan
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs11/
Japanese Lobbying and U.S. Automobile Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs61/
Turkey: Situation Update
This report briefly discusses recent political, economic, and security issues in Turkey, especially relating to Turkey's relationship with Greece, the European Union, and the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29522/
China's Changing Conditions
Congressional interest in the leadership change and economic transformation underway in China has grown substantially over the past few years. Leading congressional concerns focus on how economic conditions in China pose opportunities for U.S. enterprise and how the evolution of conditions in China fosters U.S. security, economic, and political interests. Congressional concern with China grew in 1995 and 1996 as a result of reports of the serious decline in the health of senior Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. Present conditions in China include; A vibrant but sometimes overheated economy, A less divided central political leadership. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6359/
China's Changing Conditions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs246/
China's Changing Conditions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs245/
China's Changing Conditions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs247/
China's Changing Conditions: Possible Implications for US Interests
This report discusses possible outcomes and implications for U.S. interests vary. For example, increasingly effective political administration and reform with continued successful economic modernization would be generally compatible with U.S. interests in greater economic opportunity, foreign policy cooperation, and political liberalization in China. Alternatively, Chinese administration, economic vitality, and internal cohesion could degenerate, limiting U.S. economic opportunities, challenging U.S. interests in stability in East Asia, but also diminishing potential threats from a strong China. Finally, China could develop formidable economic power while retaining authoritarian political control, with China emerging as a world power less interested in accommodating U.S. interests than in opposing them. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs766/
Japan's Ongoing Political Instability: Implications for U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs148/
China in Transition: Changing Conditions and Implications for U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs147/
North Korea: Policy Determinants, Alternative Outcomes, U.S. Policy Approaches
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs73/
Singapore: Background and U.S. Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs242/
China After Deng Xiaoping - Implications for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs240/
Japan's New Era of Coalition Governance: Implications for U.S. Interests and Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs239/
Indonesia: May 1998 Political Crisis and Implications for U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs763/
Taiwan: Recent Developments and U.S. Policy Choices
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs249/
Taiwan: Recent Development and U.S. Policy Choices
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs248/
Research and Development in Russia: An Important Factor for the Future
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs764/
Kosovo and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs757/
China: Pending Legislation in the 105th Congress
This report tracks pending human rights legislation, including bills concerning: prison conditions and prison labor exports (H.R. 2195, H.R. 2358); coercive abortion practices (H.R. 2570); China’s policies toward religion (H.R. 967, H.R. 2431); and more general human rights issues (H.R. 2095). Other bills concern Taiwan — in particular, Taiwan’s entry into the World Trade Organization (H.Res. 190) and the U.S. role in helping Taiwan with a theater missile defense system (H.R. 2386). Also, legislation is pending on China’s missile proliferation activities (H.Res. 188), Radio Free Asia broadcasting to China (H.R. 2232), China’s participation in multilateral institutions (H.R. 1712, H.R. 2605), and the activities of China’s military and intelligence services (H.R. 2647, H.R. 2190). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs760/
Business and Labor Spending in U.S. Elections
Federal election law has long prohibited corporate and union spending in federal elections, but distinctions in statutes and judicial rulings have opened avenues by which these groups have been able to spend money in the electoral process. Business groups make particular use of political action committee (PAC) donations to candidates and soft money donations to parties. Unions made prominent use of issue advocacy in 1996, but labor’s political strength lies in exempt activity communications with members. This report explains these tools and their use in today’s elections. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs468/
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