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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Inspectors General: History, Characteristics, and Recent Congressional Actions

Federal Inspectors General: History, Characteristics, and Recent Congressional Actions

Date: June 2, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Greene, Michael
Description: This report provides background on the statutory creation of federal offices of inspector general (OIGs) and provides historical context for contemporary debates about the strengths and limitations of the offices. Federal inspectors general (IGs) are authorized to combat waste, fraud, and abuse within their affiliated federal entities; to execute their missions, OIGs conduct and publish audits and investigations--among other duties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine. Following the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: April 26, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines the political background of Oman, as well as various foreign policy and security issues relevant today. The report also discusses the United States' relationship with the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the current political climate in Libya. Libya's political transition has been disrupted by armed non-state groups and threatened by the indecision and infighting of interim leaders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil in Crisis

Brazil in Crisis

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: Brazil is in the midst of deepening economic and political crises that are closely intertwined and unlikely to be resolved quickly. This report briefly examines the political situation and discusses public opinion regarding the Rousseff Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: Politics, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Iran: Politics, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 10, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides background on Iran's political history and examines the current political climate. The report also considers U.S. policy responses, specifically in regards to Iran's nuclear capabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Poland and Its Relations with the United States

Poland and Its Relations with the United States

Date: March 7, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: Given its role as a close U.S. ally and partner, developments in Poland and its relations with the United States are of continuing interest to the U.S. Congress. This report provides an overview and assessment of some of the main dimensions of these topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Date: March 1, 2016
Creator: DeBruyne, Nese F.
Description: This report provides the results of recent elections in Latin America and the Caribbean. It includes three tables organized by region, containing the date of each country's independence, the name of the newly elected president or prime minister, and the projected date of the next election. Information in this report was gathered from numerous sources, including the U.S. State Department, Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA's) World Fact Book, International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) Election Guide, Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), and other news sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: February 22, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine, two years after the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych. Following the collapse, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report describes the relationship between the United States and the Sultanate of Oman, especially with respect to Oman's support of U.S. efforts toward peace in the Middle East, the U.S. free trade agreement with Oman, and Oman's relatively close relations with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conflict and History at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

Conflict and History at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: Corn, M. L.
Description: This report briefly discusses the conflict at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge (MNWR) in January of 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Questions and Answers

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report serves as a primer on the European Union and provides a brief description of U.S.-EU relations that may be of interest in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report provides information on the Community Services Block Grant (CSBG), which funds a network of local antipoverty agencies. It begins with background information on the CSBG and related activities, discusses a proposal pending in Congress to reauthorize CSBG and related activities, summarizes a new "Upward Mobility Project" initiative of the Obama Administration, and discusses current and recent funding activities affecting the CSBG.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Separation of Powers: An Overview

Separation of Powers: An Overview

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report provides an overview of separation of powers. It reviews the philosophical and political origins of the doctrine, surveys the structure of separation of power in the Constitution, and discusses the consequences of the system for both the institutions and for individual political actors. Finally, there is a discussion of separation of powers in the context of contemporary politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tropical Storm? The Supreme Court Considers Double Jeopardy and the Sovereign Status of Puerto Rico

Tropical Storm? The Supreme Court Considers Double Jeopardy and the Sovereign Status of Puerto Rico

Date: November 4, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses the nature of the relationship between the United States government and the territory of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Based in part on statutory language providing that the relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States is "in the nature of a compact," arguments have been made that any change in Puerto Rico's political status must be consented to by both parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impeachment and Removal

Impeachment and Removal

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Cole, Jared P. & Garvey, Todd
Description: This report discusses the impeachment process, which provides a mechanism for removal of the President, Vice President, and other "civil Officers of the United States" found to have engaged in "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's 2015 Presidential Election

Argentina's 2015 Presidential Election

Date: October 26, 2015
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Argentinian Presidential election, held on October 25, 2015. The close results set up a second round on November 22, 2015, between Daniel Scioli and Mauricio Macri.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Date: September 30, 2015
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an overview and assessment of some of the main dimensions of the topic of developments in Poland and its relations with the United States, which are of continuing interest to the U.S. Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Questions and Answers

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report serves as a primer on the European Union and provides a brief description of U.S.-EU relations that may be of interest in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Birthright Citizenship Under the 14th Amendment of Persons Born in the United States to Alien Parents

Birthright Citizenship Under the 14th Amendment of Persons Born in the United States to Alien Parents

Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Lee, Margaret M.
Description: This report traces the history of birthright citizenship under U.S. law and discusses some of the legislation in recent Congresses intended to alter it. In the current and recent Congresses, some Members have introduced or supported legislation that would revise or reinterpret the Citizenship Clause to address several concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Questions and Answers

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Date: July 24, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report serves as a primer on the European Union (EU) and provides a brief description of U.S.-EU relations that may be of interest in the 114th Congress. The EU is a political and economic partnership that represents a unique form of cooperation among sovereign countries, comprising 28 member states, including most of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe; the group has helped to promote peace, stability, and economic prosperity throughout the European continent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Burma's Parliament Defeats Constitutional Amendments

Burma's Parliament Defeats Constitutional Amendments

Date: June 30, 2015
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the recent defeat of 5 proposed constitutional amendments in Burma that arguably could have advanced democratic reforms in which Congress has shown an interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey After June 2015 Elections: Erdogan and the AKP Fall Short

Turkey After June 2015 Elections: Erdogan and the AKP Fall Short

Date: June 16, 2015
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report discusses the parliamentary politics of Turkey in the wake of elections held on June 7, 2015. Although Turkey's Islamist-rooted Justice and Development Party (AKP) won the most seats in parliamentary elections, it lost the governing majority it had enjoyed since 2002--probably ending President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's (air-doe-wan) hopes for constitutional change to increase his formal powers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Security, and U.S. Policy

Iraq: Politics, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: May 26, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political and social climate of Iraq, specifically in regards to the influence of the U.S. military presence over recent years. This report addresses planned and possible future efforts under the Obama Administration, including the scheduled gradual troops withdrawal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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