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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the Iraqi government in the wake of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Elections for a transitional National Assembly and government (January 30, 2005), a permanent constitution (October 15), and a permanent (four year) Council of Representatives and government (December 15) have been concluded despite insurgent violence. U.S. officials hope that the high turnout among Sunni Arabs in the December 15 elections -- and post-election bargaining among all factions -- will produce an inclusive government that reduces insurgent violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: February 22, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine, two years after the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych. Following the collapse, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Date: January 10, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the Iraqi government in the wake of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Elections for a transitional National Assembly and government (January 30, 2005), a permanent constitution (October 15), and a permanent (four year) Council of Representatives and government (December 15) have been concluded despite insurgent violence. U.S. officials hope that the high turnout among Sunni Arabs in the December 15 elections -- and post-election bargaining among all factions -- will produce an inclusive government that reduces insurgent violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guatemala: One President Resigns; Another Elected, to Be Inaugurated January 14

Guatemala: One President Resigns; Another Elected, to Be Inaugurated January 14

Date: January 11, 2016
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses the transfer of power to the newly-elected president of Guatemala and its context, following the resignation of the former president and vice-president, their arrest for government corruption, and the succeeding interim government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Date: March 1, 2016
Creator: DeBruyne, Nese F.
Description: This report provides the results of recent elections in Latin America and the Caribbean. It includes three tables organized by region, containing the date of each country's independence, the name of the newly elected president or prime minister, and the projected date of the next election. Information in this report was gathered from numerous sources, including the U.S. State Department, Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA's) World Fact Book, International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) Election Guide, Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), and other news sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tajikistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Tajikistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: March 9, 2005
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report outlines the transformational challenges faced by Tajikistan since its five-year civil war ended in 1997. It discusses U.S. policy and assistance. Basic facts and biographical information are provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Middle East Partnership Initiative: An Overview

The Middle East Partnership Initiative: An Overview

Date: July 20, 2005
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report examines the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI), which is a program designed to promote political, economic, and educational development in the Middle East. This report provides an overview of the MEPI program, its perception in the Middle East, and its role in the debate over U.S. efforts to promote democracy in the Arab world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report provides information on the Community Services Block Grant (CSBG), which funds a network of local antipoverty agencies. It begins with background information on the CSBG and related activities, discusses a proposal pending in Congress to reauthorize CSBG and related activities, summarizes a new "Upward Mobility Project" initiative of the Obama Administration, and discusses current and recent funding activities affecting the CSBG.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conflict and History at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

Conflict and History at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: Corn, M. L.
Description: This report briefly discusses the conflict at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge (MNWR) in January of 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act

Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act

Date: January 15, 2016
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Rinehart, Ian E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report covers the overall relationship between the U.S. and North Korea, with an emphasis on nuclear diplomacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines the current political state of Afghanistan at length, discussing the political background, security policy, and regional relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aung San Suu Kyi's Party Takes Control of Parliament in Burma

Aung San Suu Kyi's Party Takes Control of Parliament in Burma

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses politics and government in Burma following elections in November 2015. Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) has now assumed control of Burma's Union Parliament. The lower chamber (People's Assembly) and the upper chamber (National Assembly) took office on February 1 and 3, 2016, respectively.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, which probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads, although it could have more. Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is widely regarded as designed to dissuade India from taking military action against Pakistan, but Islamabad's expansion of its nuclear arsenal, development of new types of nuclear weapons, and adoption of a doctrine called "full spectrum deterrence" have led to concern about an increased risk of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Wellborn, Clay H. & Kolakowski, Michael
Description: This report discusses the process of conducting legislative research: deciding the scope, collecting the information and evaluating sources. Members of Congress need many kinds of information and analysis to support their legislative, oversight, and representational work, including both quick facts, or information to improve their understanding of a complex set of issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kazakhstan: Current Developments and U.S. Interests

Kazakhstan: Current Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the relationship between the U.S. and Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is becoming an important power in Central Asia by virtue of its large territory, ample natural resources, and strategic location. However, it faces political, ethnic, economic, and environmental challenges to its stability and integrity. After the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, Kazakhstan granted overflight rights for U.S.-led coalition actions in Afghanistan, and in 2003 provided some troops for post-conflict rebuilding in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report describes the relationship between the United States and the Sultanate of Oman, especially with respect to Oman's support of U.S. efforts toward peace in the Middle East, the U.S. free trade agreement with Oman, and Oman's relatively close relations with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
East Timor: Potential Issues for Congress

East Timor: Potential Issues for Congress

Date: May 4, 2005
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses congressional concerns, which focus on security and the role of the United Nations (U.N.), human rights, and East Timor's boundary disputes with Australia and Indonesia. East Timor emerged in 2002 as an independent state after a long history of Portugese colonialism and later, Indonesian rule. Under several different mandates, the United Nations has provided peacekeeping, humanitarian and reconstruction assistance, and capacity building to establish a functioning government. Many challenges remain, including the need for economic development and sustained support by the international community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report looks at Kuwait's relationships with its neighbors in the Persian Gulf, and its own political system which has been in turmoil since 2006. Kuwait remains pivotal to U.S. efforts to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its willingness to cooperate with U.S. strategy and military operations in the region and its proximity to both Iran and Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Date: December 1, 2004
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report discusses budget issues regarding renewable energy programs. In the 108th Congress, debate over renewable energy programs has focused on tax credits, incentives, budget, and provisions of the omnibus energy policy bill H.R. 6.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report provides background on the Islamic State organization, discussing its goals, operations, and affiliates, as well as analyzing related U.S. legislative and policy debates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Date: October 28, 2004
Creator: Gomez, Julissa
Description: This report describes Internet resources on internships, fellowships, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Date: December 14, 2005
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report provides background an analysis of renewably energy, its contribution to the national energy supply, role in the long-term energy supply, history, relevant provisions considered during the 109th Congress, relation to the Department of Energy (DOE) budget for FY2006, energy production, and relation to climate change. It also includes information about relevant legislation, Congressional hearings, reports, and documents, and other resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. The Bahrain government's use of repression against the unrest has presented a policy dilemma for the Obama Administration because Bahrain is a longtime ally that is pivotal to maintaining Persian Gulf security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Questions and Answers

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report serves as a primer on the European Union and provides a brief description of U.S.-EU relations that may be of interest in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department