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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: May 25, 2016
Creator: Morton, William R.
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP), which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage or "windfall" these workers would otherwise receive as a result of the interaction between the Social Security benefit formula and the workers' relatively small portion of their careers in Social Security-covered employment. The report provides information about how the provision works, who is affected, history and rationale, impacts, and relevant legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Who Is a "Veteran"?--Basic Eligibility for Veterans' Benefits

Who Is a "Veteran"?--Basic Eligibility for Veterans' Benefits

Date: May 25, 2016
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report examines the basic eligibility criteria for VA administered veterans' benefits, including the issue of eligibility of members of the National Guard and reserve components. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) offers a broad range of benefits to U.S. Armed Forces veterans and certain members of their families. Among these benefits are various types of financial assistance, including monthly cash payments to disabled veterans, health care, education, and housing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): A Primer

Traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): A Primer

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Topoleski, John J.
Description: This report describes the primary features of two common retirement savings accounts that are available to individuals: traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs). In response to concerns over the adequacy of retirement savings, Congress has created incentives to encourage individuals to save more for retirement through a variety of retirement plans. Some retirement plans are employer-sponsored, such as 401(k) plans, and others are established by individual employees, such as IRAs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the military retirement system. The system currently includes monthly compensation for qualified active and reserve retirees, disability benefits for those deemed medically unfit to serve, and a survivor annuity program for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 4, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet. Congress's decisions on this issue could affect Coast Guard funding requirements, the Coast Guard's ability to perform its polar missions, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Date: March 16, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report provides a legislative and cultural history of the Former Presidents Act. It considers the potential effects of maintaining the FPA or amending the FPA in ways that might reduce or otherwise modify a former President's benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Burial Benefits and National Cemeteries

Veterans' Benefits: Burial Benefits and National Cemeteries

Date: March 11, 2016
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report provides a descriptive analysis of both nonmonetary and monetary burial benefits and national cemeteries. It addresses congressional and constituent issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 20, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet. Congressional decisions on this issue could affect Coast Guard funding requirements, the Coast Guard's ability to perform its polar missions, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Dividends Paid to Commercial Banks

Federal Reserve: Dividends Paid to Commercial Banks

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Murphy, M. M.
Description: This report briefly provides background on dividends paid to banks by the Federal Reserve (Fed), which would be reduced in the Senate-passed highway trust fund bill (H.R. 22) as a budgetary offset.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Date: October 15, 2015
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) and government retirees, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pension Sponsorship and Participation: Summary of Recent Trends

Pension Sponsorship and Participation: Summary of Recent Trends

Date: September 11, 2015
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report discusses trends that will affect the economic well-being of future retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Date: September 9, 2015
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D. & Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report discusses selected veteran pension programs administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). This report also discusses the eligibility criteria and current benefit levels of these programs and provides data on the number of pension beneficiaries and average annual benefit amounts for FY1999 through FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees' Retirement System: Budget and Trust Fund Issues

Federal Employees' Retirement System: Budget and Trust Fund Issues

Date: August 24, 2015
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the two retirement systems for federal employees: (1) the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) for individuals hired before 1984, and (2) the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS) for individuals hired in 1984 or later.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Who Is a "Veteran"?--Basic Eligibility for Veterans' Benefits

Who Is a "Veteran"?--Basic Eligibility for Veterans' Benefits

Date: August 19, 2015
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report examines the basic eligibility criteria for Veterans' Administration (VA) benefits, including the eligibility of members of the National Guard and reserve components.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiemployer Defined Benefit (DB) Pension Plans: A Primer and Analysis of Policy Options

Multiemployer Defined Benefit (DB) Pension Plans: A Primer and Analysis of Policy Options

Date: July 24, 2015
Creator: Topoleski, John J.
Description: This report discusses the nature of multiemployer defined benefit (DB) pension plans, and issues regarding their financial solvency. DB pension plans are sponsored by more than one employer and maintained as part of a collective bargaining agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees' Retirement System: Benefits and Financing

Federal Employees' Retirement System: Benefits and Financing

Date: July 15, 2015
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the retirement systems in place for federal employees including the Civil Service Retirement System (for employees hired before 1984) and the Federal Employees' Retirement System (for employees hired in 1984 or later). Both programs require participants to contribute toward the cost of their pensions through a payroll tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: June 30, 2015
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP) reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage or “windfall” these workers would otherwise receive as a result of the interaction between the Social Security benefit formula and the workers’ relatively small portion of their careers in Social Security-covered employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Date: June 29, 2015
Creator: Meyerson, Noah P. & Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report describes several pension benefit programs for veterans and their families, including the eligibility criteria and current benefit levels, and provides data on the number of pension beneficiaries and average annual benefit amounts for FY1999 through FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Who is a "Veteran"?--Basic Eligibility for Veterans' Benefits

Who is a "Veteran"?--Basic Eligibility for Veterans' Benefits

Date: June 26, 2015
Creator: Meyerson, Noah P.
Description: This report examines the basic eligibility criteria for VA administered veterans' benefits, including the issue of eligibility of members of the National Guard and reserve components.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Date: May 27, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Richardson, Daniel J.
Description: This report provides a legislative and cultural history of the Former Presidents Act. It details the pension and benefits provided to former U.S. presidents and their costs; Congress has the authority to reduce, increase, or maintain these benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: April 30, 2015
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the noncontributory military retirement system which includes monthly compensation and benefits after an active or reserve military career, disability retirement for those physically unfit to continue to serve, and survivor benefits for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: The Impact of Military Discharges on Basic Eligibility

Veterans' Benefits: The Impact of Military Discharges on Basic Eligibility

Date: March 6, 2015
Creator: Moulta-Ali, Umar & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report discusses the discharge or separation requirement for veteran status or, more specifically, how the VA assesses character of service to determine whether a former servicemember's separation from the military can be considered other than dishonorable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Date: February 13, 2015
Creator: Moulta-Ali, Umar & Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report describes several pension benefit programs for veterans and their families, including the eligibility criteria and current benefit levels, and provides data on the number of pension beneficiaries and average annual benefit amounts for FY1999 through FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): A Primer

Traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): A Primer

Date: February 12, 2015
Creator: Topoleski, John J.
Description: This report describes the primary features of two common retirement savings accounts that are available to individuals. Although the accounts have many features in common, they differ in some very important aspects. Both traditional and Roth IRAs offer tax incentives to encourage individuals to save for retirement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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