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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: April 30, 2015
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the noncontributory military retirement system which includes monthly compensation and benefits after an active or reserve military career, disability retirement for those physically unfit to continue to serve, and survivor benefits for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the military retirement system. The system currently includes monthly compensation for qualified active and reserve retirees, disability benefits for those deemed medically unfit to serve, and a survivor annuity program for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: September 12, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the military retirement system. The system currently includes monthly compensation for qualified active and reserve retirees, disability benefits for those deemed medically unfit to serve, and a survivor annuity program for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Railroad Retirement: Legislation in the 107th Congress

Railroad Retirement: Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: January 22, 2002
Creator: Kelly, Rachel W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) Investment Policy: Issues for Congress

Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) Investment Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: September 8, 2008
Creator: Kinneen, Kelly & Purcell, Patrick
Description: The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation is a federal corporation established under Title IV of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. It insures private pension beneficiaries against the complete loss of accrued benefits if their defined benefit pension plan is terminated without adequate funding. It receives no appropriations from general revenue. Its operations are financed by insurance premiums set by Congress and paid by sponsors of defined benefit plans, investment income from the assets in its trust fund, and recoveries from the companies formerly responsible for the trusted plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Reexamining Eligibility for Disability Benefits

Social Security: Reexamining Eligibility for Disability Benefits

Date: May 25, 1984
Creator: Koitz, David
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA) in January 1988

Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA) in January 1988

Date: October 23, 1987
Creator: Koitz, David
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform: How Much of a Role Could Private Retirement Accounts Play?

Social Security Reform: How Much of a Role Could Private Retirement Accounts Play?

Date: March 4, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2002

Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2002

Date: October 25, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart; Kollmann, Geoffrey & Sidor, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2003

Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2003

Date: October 18, 2002
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart; Kollmann, Geoffrey & Sidor, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Notch Issue: A Summary

Social Security Notch Issue: A Summary

Date: March 6, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: This report discusses recent attempts at legislative action regarding changes to the computation of benefits under Social Security Amendments of 1977 (P.L. 95-216), which directly affected retirees born in the 5- to 15-year period after 1916. These persons fall in the "notch" between previous Social Security legislation and those affected by the amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Notch Issue: A Summary

Social Security Notch Issue: A Summary

Date: August 5, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: This report discusses recent attempts at legislative action regarding changes to the computation of benefits under Social Security Amendments of 1977 (P.L. 95-216), which directly affected retirees born in the 5- to 15-year period after 1916. These persons fall in the "notch" between previous Social Security legislation and those affected by the amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform: How Much of a Role Could Personal Retirement Accounts Play?

Social Security Reform: How Much of a Role Could Personal Retirement Accounts Play?

Date: May 15, 2002
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Government Pension Offset

Social Security: The Government Pension Offset

Date: February 13, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: This report discusses the Government Pension Offset (GPO) provision, which reduces Social Security benefits that a person receives as a spouse if he or she also has a government pension based on work that was not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to replicate Social Security’s “dual entitlement” rule, which requires that a Social Security benefit earned as a worker be subtracted from any Social Security spousal benefit to which the worker is eligible. Its intent is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive if they could receive both a government pension and full Social Security spousal benefits. Opponents contend that the provision is basically inaccurate and often unfair. Five bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress that would modify or repeal the provision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Dividends Paid to Commercial Banks

Federal Reserve: Dividends Paid to Commercial Banks

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Murphy, M. M.
Description: This report briefly provides background on dividends paid to banks by the Federal Reserve (Fed), which would be reduced in the Senate-passed highway trust fund bill (H.R. 22) as a budgetary offset.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cash Balance Pension Plans: Selected Legal Issues

Cash Balance Pension Plans: Selected Legal Issues

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Lunder, Erika & Staman, Jennifer
Description: Over the past few years, cash balance pension plans have received significant attention. In particular, three issues have been controversial: the negative effect of a plan conversion on older employees due to wear-away, the whipsaw effect that may occur when computing a lump-sum payment of benefits prior to normal retirement age, and the claim that these plans violate federal laws prohibiting age discrimination. This report discusses the wear-away and whipsaw issues, a proposal by the Treasury Department that addresses them, and relevant legislation introduced in the 109th Congress (H.R. 2830 and S. 1304).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Loss of Federal Pensions for Members of Congress Convicted of Certain Offenses

Loss of Federal Pensions for Members of Congress Convicted of Certain Offenses

Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the current law with respect to the loss of the federal pension of a Member of Congress for the conviction of certain crimes and the recent law to limit a former Member's receiving service credit toward a federal pension for any time served as a Member of Congress if that person is convicted of any one of a number of criminal offenses involving abuse of the public trust.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Who is a "Veteran"?--Basic Eligibility for Veterans' Benefits

Who is a "Veteran"?--Basic Eligibility for Veterans' Benefits

Date: June 26, 2015
Creator: Meyerson, Noah P.
Description: This report examines the basic eligibility criteria for VA administered veterans' benefits, including the issue of eligibility of members of the National Guard and reserve components.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Date: June 29, 2015
Creator: Meyerson, Noah P. & Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report describes several pension benefit programs for veterans and their families, including the eligibility criteria and current benefit levels, and provides data on the number of pension beneficiaries and average annual benefit amounts for FY1999 through FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Burial Benefits and National Cemeteries

Veterans' Benefits: Burial Benefits and National Cemeteries

Date: August 30, 2010
Creator: Morman, Armaad R.
Description: This report provides a descriptive analysis of both nonmonetary and monetary burial benefits and national cemeteries. This report addresses congressional and constituent issues such as who is eligible to receive burial benefits; who can be buried in a national cemetery; what plans does the Department of Veterans Affairs have to build new or expand existing national cemeteries; and what benefits does the VA provide, among others.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: May 25, 2016
Creator: Morton, William R.
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP), which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage or "windfall" these workers would otherwise receive as a result of the interaction between the Social Security benefit formula and the workers' relatively small portion of their careers in Social Security-covered employment. The report provides information about how the provision works, who is affected, history and rationale, impacts, and relevant legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Veterans' Benefits: Pension Benefit Programs

Date: February 13, 2015
Creator: Moulta-Ali, Umar & Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report describes several pension benefit programs for veterans and their families, including the eligibility criteria and current benefit levels, and provides data on the number of pension beneficiaries and average annual benefit amounts for FY1999 through FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: The Impact of Military Discharges on Basic Eligibility

Veterans' Benefits: The Impact of Military Discharges on Basic Eligibility

Date: March 6, 2015
Creator: Moulta-Ali, Umar & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report discusses the discharge or separation requirement for veteran status or, more specifically, how the VA assesses character of service to determine whether a former servicemember's separation from the military can be considered other than dishonorable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie & Purcell, Patrick
Description: To a worker contemplating retirement, there is perhaps no more important question than "How long will my money last?" Congress has a strong interest in the income security of older Americans because much of their income is either provided directly from public programs like Social Security, or in the case of pensions and retirement accounts, is subsidized through tax deductions and deferrals. This report discusses risks involved with retirement fund disbursement and strategies for dealing with such risks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department