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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Military Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues

Military Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Burrelli, David F
Description: This report discusses the Uniformed Services Former Spouses’ Protection Act (USFSPA), which treats military personnel former spouses eligibility to receive certain military benefits or privileges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Death Benefits: Status and Proposals

Military Death Benefits: Status and Proposals

Date: January 24, 2006
Creator: Burrelli, David F & Corwell, Jennifer R
Description: This report describes the various death benefits from the Department of Defense, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and Social Security available to certain survivors of members of the Armed Forces who die on active duty.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Issues in the 110th Congress

Veterans' Benefits: Issues in the 110th Congress

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Davis, Carol D.; Loane, Shannon S.; Peterson, Meredith; Scott, Christine; Perl, Libby & Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: This report discusses veterans' benefits issues that are already part of the legislative agenda for the 110th Congress or are likely to be of interest to Congress. These benefits and issues fall under the jurisdiction of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA). Also presented in this report are an overview of the benefits and their eligibility requirements, data on both the veteran population and the benefit population, and summary information on the FY2008 budget for veterans' benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Issues in the 110th Congress

Veterans' Benefits: Issues in the 110th Congress

Date: October 16, 2008
Creator: Davis, Carol D.; Loane, Shannon S.; Scott, Christine; Perl, Libby; Smole, David P. & Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: This report provides a general discussion of veterans' benefits issues that are part of the legislative agenda of the 110th Congress or are likely to be of legislative interest. Among those issues are disability compensation and pensions; education benefits; homelessness; life insurance; the status or eligibility of groups such as U.S. merchant seamen and World War II Filipino veterans for veterans' benefits; Reserve and National Guard eligibility for veterans' benefits; the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims; and legal representation for veterans. For each issue, an overview is provided, along with summaries of pertinent pending legislation. In addition, an overview of the benefits and their eligibility requirements, demographics for both the veteran population and the benefit population, and summary data on the FY2008 budget for veterans' benefits are provided.
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Congressional Salaries and Allowances

Congressional Salaries and Allowances

Date: August 5, 2004
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E.
Description: This report provides basic information on congressional salaries and allowances. First, the report briefly summarizes the current salary of Members of Congress, limits on their outside earned income and honoraria, and applicable health insurance and retirement benefits. Second, it provides information on allowances available to Representatives and Senators to support them in their official and representational duties as Members. Third, it provides the salaries and allowances available to the Speaker of the House and the Vice President, as President of the Senate, and lists the salaries of congressional officers and officials and committee staff.
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Retirement Saving Plans: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Retirement Saving Plans: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: February 9, 2001
Creator: Franco, Celinda
Description: This report provides answers to 10 of the most frequently-asked questions related to rules and provisions that govern savings in individual retirement accounts (IRAs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report describes the benefits Presidents receive upon leaving office, details the history of the Former Presidents Act (FPA), and analyzes some legislative options for the 110th Congress related to former Presidents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Major Legislative Issues

Military Retirement: Major Legislative Issues

Date: October 21, 2003
Creator: Goldich, Robert L.
Description: This report discusses various proposed changes to the military retirement system, which includes benefits for retirement after an active or reserve military career, disability retirement, and survivor benefits for eligible survivors of deceased retirees. Major issues include whether some or all military retirees should be allowed to receive both military retired pay and any VA disability compensation to which they are otherwise entitled -- referred to as "concurrent receipt" -- whether some military personnel should be entitled to military retired pay with less than 20 years of service, and whether many more personnel should serve well past the 20-year point before retiring.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individual Retirement Accounts: A Fact Sheet

Individual Retirement Accounts: A Fact Sheet

Date: February 22, 2001
Creator: Graney, Paul J.
Description: This report discusses general information about individual retirement accounts (IRAs), established by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-406) to promote retirement saving; the accounts were limited at first to workers (and spouses) who lacked employer pension coverage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Government Pension Offset (GPO)

Social Security: The Government Pension Offset (GPO)

Date: July 6, 2004
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: This report discusses the social security benefits and the spousal benefits of individuals who are not financially dependent on their spouses because they receive benefits based on their own work records.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: March 8, 2007
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP), which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive because of Social Security’s benefit formula that favors workers with smaller amounts of Social Security-covered career earnings. Opponents contend that the provision is basically inaccurate and often unfair.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: January 14, 2008
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP), which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive because of Social Security’s benefit formula that favors workers with smaller amounts of Social Security-covered career earnings. Opponents contend that the provision is basically imprecise and often unfair.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: November 17, 2008
Creator: Henning, Charles A.
Description: This report discusses the military retirement system. The system currently includes monthly compensation for qualified active and reserve retirees, disability benefits for those deemed medically unfit to serve, and a survivor annuity program for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) Investment Policy: Issues for Congress

Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) Investment Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: September 8, 2008
Creator: Kinneen, Kelly & Purcell, Patrick
Description: The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation is a federal corporation established under Title IV of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. It insures private pension beneficiaries against the complete loss of accrued benefits if their defined benefit pension plan is terminated without adequate funding. It receives no appropriations from general revenue. Its operations are financed by insurance premiums set by Congress and paid by sponsors of defined benefit plans, investment income from the assets in its trust fund, and recoveries from the companies formerly responsible for the trusted plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Notch Issue: A Summary

Social Security Notch Issue: A Summary

Date: March 6, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: This report discusses recent attempts at legislative action regarding changes to the computation of benefits under Social Security Amendments of 1977 (P.L. 95-216), which directly affected retirees born in the 5- to 15-year period after 1916. These persons fall in the "notch" between previous Social Security legislation and those affected by the amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Notch Issue: A Summary

Social Security Notch Issue: A Summary

Date: August 5, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: This report discusses recent attempts at legislative action regarding changes to the computation of benefits under Social Security Amendments of 1977 (P.L. 95-216), which directly affected retirees born in the 5- to 15-year period after 1916. These persons fall in the "notch" between previous Social Security legislation and those affected by the amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Government Pension Offset

Social Security: The Government Pension Offset

Date: February 13, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: This report discusses the Government Pension Offset (GPO) provision, which reduces Social Security benefits that a person receives as a spouse if he or she also has a government pension based on work that was not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to replicate Social Security’s “dual entitlement” rule, which requires that a Social Security benefit earned as a worker be subtracted from any Social Security spousal benefit to which the worker is eligible. Its intent is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive if they could receive both a government pension and full Social Security spousal benefits. Opponents contend that the provision is basically inaccurate and often unfair. Five bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress that would modify or repeal the provision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie & Purcell, Patrick
Description: To a worker contemplating retirement, there is perhaps no more important question than "How long will my money last?" Congress has a strong interest in the income security of older Americans because much of their income is either provided directly from public programs like Social Security, or in the case of pensions and retirement accounts, is subsidized through tax deductions and deferrals. This report discusses risks involved with retirement fund disbursement and strategies for dealing with such risks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of Filipino Veterans' Benefits

Overview of Filipino Veterans' Benefits

Date: October 10, 2008
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga; Scott, Christine & Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report defines the four specific groups of Filipino nationals who served under the command of the United States. It also outlines the Rescission Acts of 1946, benefit changes since 1946, current benefits for Filipino veterans by group, and recent legislative proposals and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Enrollment in Section 401(k) Plans

Automatic Enrollment in Section 401(k) Plans

Date: October 14, 2004
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report discusses enrollment practices for 401k retirement plans. Historically, most employers that have sponsored retirement savings plans under §401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) have required employees to decide whether to enroll in the plan. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has issued rulings to inform employers that current law allows them to enroll employees automatically, provided that the employee is notified in advance and is permitted to leave the plan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems

Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems

Date: March 9, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report discusses the earned pension benefits under one of two retirement plans for the federal employees with permanent appointments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 4: The Pension Protection Act

H.R. 4: The Pension Protection Act

Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report discusses the Pension Protection Act (PPA) reforms and the funding rules for defined benefit pensions; requires employers to disclose more information about pension funding; restricts benefit payments and accruals in underfunded plans; and clarifies, prospectively, that cash balance pension plans do not violate legal prohibitions on age discrimination in employee benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Income of Americans Aged 65 and Older, 1968 to 2008

Income of Americans Aged 65 and Older, 1968 to 2008

Date: November 4, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report presents data collected by the Census Bureau in the Current Population Survey from 1969 through 2009 about the employment status and the sources and amounts of income received by people aged 65 and older.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pension Issues: Lump-Sum Distributions and Retirement Income Security

Pension Issues: Lump-Sum Distributions and Retirement Income Security

Date: January 7, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report covers several issues regarding pensions. Forty-seven percent of all workers aged 21 and older participated in employer-sponsored retirement plans in 2006, but not all of these workers will receive a pension or other income from these plans when they retire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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