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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Tree Planting for Carbon Sequestration

U.S. Tree Planting for Carbon Sequestration

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report briefly discusses one of the widely discussed options for domestic carbon dioxide offsets: tree planting. Two terms are generally used for tree planting: reforestation, for planting trees in areas recently cleared of forest through timber harvesting or natural disaster; and afforestation, for planting trees on sites that have long been cleared of forests, such as crop, pasture, and brush lands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: April 11, 2012
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: Some Members of Congress have expressed concern over U.S. acquisition of rare earth materials composed of rare earth elements used in various components of defense weapon systems. On March 13, 2012, President Obama announced that the United States had joined with Japan and the European Union to bring a World Trade Organization joint dispute resolution case against China because of China's restrictive policies on rare earths and other minerals. Congress may encourage DOD to develop a collaborative, long-term, well-thought-out strategy designed to identify any material weaknesses and vulnerabilities associated with rare earths and to protect long-term U.S. national security interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Date: March 12, 2012
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: Wildfires are getting more severe, with more acres and houses burned and more people at risk. This results from excess biomass in the forests, due to past logging and grazing and a century of fire suppression, combined with an expanding wild land-urban interface-more people and houses in and near the forests-and climate change, exacerbating drought and insect and disease problems. This report looks at the causes of wildfires, and the pros and cons of their treatment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: This report describes provisions of the Law of the Sea Convention relating to living marine resources and discusses how these provisions comport with current U.S. marine policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy Policy in the 2007 Farm Bill

Renewable Energy Policy in the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: January 10, 2008
Creator: Schnepf, Randy & Capehart, Tom
Description: This report discusses the renewable energy policy initiatives that have been included in almost every 2007 farm bill proposal in both the House and Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grazing Fees: An Overview and Current Issues

Grazing Fees: An Overview and Current Issues

Date: February 8, 2005
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.
Description: This report briefly discusses charging fees for grazing private livestock on federal lands, which is a long-standing but contentious practice. Generally, livestock producers who use federal lands want to keep fees low, while conservation groups and others believe fees should be raised to approximate "fair market value."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grazing Fees: An Overview

Grazing Fees: An Overview

Date: May 21, 1996
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.
Description: This report briefly discusses charging fees for grazing private livestock on federal lands, which is a long-standing but contentious practice. Generally, livestock producers who use federal lands want to keep fees low, while conservation groups and others believe fees should be raised to approximate "fair market value."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Efforts to Reduce Restrictions on Growing Industrial Hemp

Congressional Efforts to Reduce Restrictions on Growing Industrial Hemp

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report briefly discusses U.S. agricultural policies regarding the industrial use of hemp.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mining on Federal Lands

Mining on Federal Lands

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report discusses the General Mining Law of 1872, which is the law that grants free access to individuals and corporations to prospect for minerals in public domain lands, and allows them, upon making a discovery, to stake (or “locate”) a claim on that deposit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diamonds and Conflict: Background, Policy, and Legislation

Diamonds and Conflict: Background, Policy, and Legislation

Date: July 16, 2003
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses issues surrounding "conflict diamonds" -- i.e., diamonds that have been mined and sold to support armed conflict -- as well as resulting U.S. policy responses. Policy makers' attention has also increasingly focused on the possible role that diamonds may play in the financing of terrorist operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress

Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress

Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.; Vincent, Carol H.; Humphries, Marc & Alexander, Kristina
Description: The missions of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS) are similar, and many issues, programs, and policies affect both agencies. This report focuses on several issues affecting both agencies’ lands that are likely to be of interest to the 110th Congress, including energy resources, hardrock mining, FS roadless areas, wild horses and burros, wilderness, wildfire protection, and others.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP): Status and Issues

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP): Status and Issues

Date: August 29, 2014
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), which provides payments to agricultural producers to take highly erodible and environmentally sensitive land out of production and install resource conserving practices for 10 or more years. CRP was first authorized in the Food Security Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-198, 1985 farm bill) and is administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Farm Service Agency (FSA) with technical support from other USDA agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP): Status and Issues

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP): Status and Issues

Date: March 18, 2013
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), which provides payments to agricultural producers to take highly erodible and environmentally sensitive land out of production and install resource conserving practices for 10 or more years. CRP was first authorized in the Food Security Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-198, 1985 farm bill) and is administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) with technical support from other USDA agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Date: August 16, 2007
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) enacted in 1985, which provides payments to farmers to take highly erodible or environmentally-sensitive cropland out of production for ten years or more to conserve soil and water resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: March 20, 2006
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Vincent, Carol H.
Description: This brief focuses on several issues affecting Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and Forest Service (FS) lands that are of interest to the 109th Congress, and does not comprehensively cover issues primarily affecting other federal lands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy Policy in the 2007 Farm Bill

Renewable Energy Policy in the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: October 1, 2007
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides a summary of major legislative proposals for change in the farm bill energy title (Title IX) and compares current law with energy provisions from the recently approved House 2007 farm bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Date: September 11, 2008
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) enacted in 1985, which provides payments to farmers to take highly erodible or environmentally-sensitive cropland out of production for ten years or more to conserve soil and water resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill

Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: August 27, 2007
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: This report introduces some of the issues that are influencing the development of a conservation title. It then reviews the contents of the House-passed bill, H.R. 2419. Some alternative proposals that the House considered are summarized in an appendix. The House-passed bill includes some elements of the alternative proposals (usually in modified form). This report is limited to the conservation title. However, conservation topics in recent farm bills have been increasingly addressed in other titles, and that trend continues with the House-passed version, which contains conservation provisions in the energy, forestry, and research titles, and others as well.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

Date: June 11, 2008
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: This report describes provisions of the LOS Convention relating to living marine resources and discusses how these provisions comport with current U.S. marine policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Vincent, Carol H.
Description: The 109th Congress is considering issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the Forest Service (FS). The Administration is addressing issues through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. This report discusses several key issues of congressional and administrative interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress

Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress

Date: October 26, 2007
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.; Vincent, Carol H.; Humphries, Marc & Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses actions the 110th Congress is considering that affect the various uses and management of federal lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service. These actions include legislation, administrative or regulatory proposals, and litigation and judicial decisions. Issues areas include access to energy resources on federal lands, especially implementation of the Energy Policy Act of 2005; development of hardrock minerals; roadless area management and protection; management, protection, and disposal of wild horses and burros; wilderness designation and management; and wildfire management and protection. Many of these issues have been of interest to Congress and the nation for decades.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Heritage Areas: Background, Proposals, and Current Issues

Heritage Areas: Background, Proposals, and Current Issues

Date: October 1, 2004
Creator: Vincent, Carol Hardy & Whiteman, David
Description: Over the past 20 years, Congress has established 24 National Heritage Areas (NHAs) to commemorate, conserve, and promote important areas that include natural, scenic, historic, cultural, and recreational resources. This report focuses on heritage areas designated by Congress, and related issues and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): A Primer for the 112th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): A Primer for the 112th Congress

Date: June 15, 2011
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Ratner, Michael & Alexander, Kristina
Description: In the ongoing energy debate in Congress, one issue has been whether to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR or Refuge) in northeastern Alaska or whether to continue to prohibit development to protect the area's biological, recreational, and subsistence values. ANWR is rich in fauna, flora, and oil and natural gas potential. Its development has been debated for more than 50 years, but sharp increases in energy prices from late 2000 to early 2001, in 2004-2008, and in 2011 from a variety of causes (e.g., terrorist attacks, oil spills, and energy infrastructure damage from hurricanes), have repeatedly intensified the debate. This primer provides background for analyzing the various claims through an examination of its history, and an analysis of its geological, biological, human, and economic resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain

Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report provides a discussion of the major issues and concerns of the global supply chain for rare earth elements (REEs), their major end uses, and legislative and other policy proposals that Congress may consider to improve the U.S. rare earth position.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department