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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters

Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters

Date: January 5, 1996
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: Declining fish populations threaten an important food source. Natural catastrophes, pollution, habitat destruction, and overfishing contribute to the depletion of fish stocks. Overexploitation of fishery resources often occurs when management allows expanding and increasingly efficient fishing fleets to continue harvesting dwindling supplies. Although prevalent, overexploitation is not universal and its extent varies among areas, species, and fisheries. This report discusses the issue of overfishing and its possible consequences, as well as domestic and international efforts to combat overfishing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deep Seabed Mining: U.S. Interests and the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea

Deep Seabed Mining: U.S. Interests and the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea

Date: April 7, 1995
Creator: Mielke, James E
Description: On July 29, 1994, the United States signed the Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. This agreement substantially reforms the seabed mining provisions of the 1982 Convention, which the United States found objectionable. In signing the Agreement, President Clinton accepted provisional application of it which enables the United States to participate in the International Seabed Authority (ISA) and its organs and bodies. On November 16, 1994, the U.N. Law of the Sea Convention entered into force without accession by the United States.The treaty document was referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations late in the 103d Congress and awaits committee action in the 104th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks

Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks

Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks

Date: June 3, 2004
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Earth Science Enterprise

NASA's Earth Science Enterprise

Date: September 14, 2000
Creator: Hatch, Erin C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Forest Agreements: Current Status

International Forest Agreements: Current Status

Date: September 11, 1995
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program

The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program

Date: July 17, 2002
Creator: Butler, Alice D
Description: The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) is one of the largest energy conservation programs in the nation. The DOE program is implemented in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Native American Tribes. It weatherizes an average of 70,000 dwellings per year. The program strives to increase the energy efficiency of dwellings occupied by low-income persons in order to reduce their energy consumption and lower their fuel bills. It targets vulnerable groups including the elderly, people with disabilities, and families with children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program

The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program

Date: November 14, 2001
Creator: Butler, Alice D
Description: The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) is one of the largest energy conservation programs in the nation. The DOE program is implemented in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Native American Tribes. It weatherizes an average of 70,000 dwellings per year. The program strives to increase the energy efficiency of dwellings occupied by low-income persons in order to reduce their energy consumption and lower their fuel bills. It targets vulnerable groups including the elderly, people with disabilities, and families with children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: August 4, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: June 24, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: May 5, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: March 11, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: November 8, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: August 13, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: May 9, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: March 22, 2002
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

Date: March 26, 1997
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA, P.L. 95-87), enacted in 1977, established reclamation standards for all coal surface mining operations, and for the surface effects of underground mining. It also established the Abandoned Mine Land (AML) program to promote the reclamation of sites mined and abandoned prior to the enactment of SMCRA. To finance reclamation of abandoned mine sites, the legislation established fees on coal production. These collections are divided into federal and state shares; subject to annual appropriation, AML funds are distributed annually to states with approved reclamation programs. This report describes the distribution of these funds and the various issues that arise from said distribution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"

The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"

Date: July 16, 2002
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report provides a context for evaluating legislative proposals through examples of how science has been used in selected cases, a discussion of the nature and role of science in general, and its role in the Endangered Species Act (ESA) process in particular, together with general and agency information quality requirements and policies, and a review of how the courts have viewed agency use of science.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Current Law and Legislative Proposals

The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Current Law and Legislative Proposals

Date: May 30, 2003
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report provides a brief overview of how the Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA)2 and their relevant regulations may apply to military training and readiness activities of the Department of Defense (DOD). Military activities may “take” protected creatures directly (e.g,. killing with ordnance during rifle, gunnery or assault drills), or might destroy habitat (e.g., artillery or bombing practices), even if these results are not the purpose of the activities. The applicability of the MBTA and ESA to military readiness activities has been controversial recently and legislation has been enacted in both the 107th and 108th Congresses on these topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act

The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act

Date: July 16, 1999
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act: Consideration of Economic Factors

The Endangered Species Act: Consideration of Economic Factors

Date: April 15, 2003
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides for the listing and protection of species that are found to be “endangered” or “threatened” – species that might become extinct. The listing of a species as endangered triggers the prohibitions in the Act against “taking” (killing or harming) individuals of the protected species, unless a permit is obtained to take individuals incidental to an otherwise lawful proposed action, or an exemption for the proposed action is obtained. Unauthorized taking of a listed species can result in civil or criminal penalties. These prohibitions and potential penalties can affect various activities, including development and use of land, with attendant economic impacts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department