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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Endangered Species Act Amendments: An Analysis of S. 1180 and H.R. 2351

Endangered Species Act Amendments: An Analysis of S. 1180 and H.R. 2351

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: Because of wide-spread interest in possible amendments to the Endangered Species Act (ESA), CRS has received numerous requests for an analysis and critique of S.1180 and H.R. 2351. This report analyzes those bills. HR. 2351 was introduced on July 31, 1997 and S. 1180 on September 16, 1997. Each bill is discussed under various topic headings. The Senate bill will be described first, since it has been reported.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"

The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"

Date: July 16, 2002
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report provides a context for evaluating legislative proposals through examples of how science has been used in selected cases, a discussion of the nature and role of science in general, and its role in the Endangered Species Act (ESA) process in particular, together with general and agency information quality requirements and policies, and a review of how the courts have viewed agency use of science.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela; Buck, Eugene H & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 receives significant congressional attention. The associated power and reach of its comprehensive protection for species identified as endangered or threatened with extinction has ignited concern that there be appropriate bounds on this power. The following discussion provides an overview and background on the various features of the ESA that contribute to its stature and yet spark an ongoing debate over its implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela; Buck, Eugene H & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 receives significant congressional attention. The associated power and reach of its comprehensive protection for species identified as endangered or threatened with extinction has ignited concern that there be appropriate bounds on this power. The following discussion provides an overview and background on the various features of the ESA that contribute to its stature and yet spark an ongoing debate over its implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

Date: March 26, 1997
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA, P.L. 95-87), enacted in 1977, established reclamation standards for all coal surface mining operations, and for the surface effects of underground mining. It also established the Abandoned Mine Land (AML) program to promote the reclamation of sites mined and abandoned prior to the enactment of SMCRA. To finance reclamation of abandoned mine sites, the legislation established fees on coal production. These collections are divided into federal and state shares; subject to annual appropriation, AML funds are distributed annually to states with approved reclamation programs. This report describes the distribution of these funds and the various issues that arise from said distribution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2000 Federal Budget: A Description of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2000 Federal Budget: A Description of Programs and Funding

Date: January 14, 2000
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2001 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2001 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: April 17, 2000
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: June 10, 2002
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: August 15, 2002
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: October 31, 2002
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: January 13, 2003
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: February 10, 2003
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: December 13, 2002
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Biotechnology in Global Markets: An Introduction

U.S. Agricultural Biotechnology in Global Markets: An Introduction

Date: June 19, 2003
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Biotechnology in Global Markets: An Introduction

U.S. Agricultural Biotechnology in Global Markets: An Introduction

Date: June 19, 2003
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Plant-Based Pharmaceuticals

Regulation of Plant-Based Pharmaceuticals

Date: March 8, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Biotechnology: Background and Recent Issues

Agricultural Biotechnology: Background and Recent Issues

Date: September 5, 2006
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: Since the first genetically engineered (GE) crops (also called GM [genetically modified] crops, or GMOs, genetically modified organisms) became commercially available in the mid-1990s, U.S. soybean, cotton, and corn farmers have rapidly adopted them. As adoption has spread, there have been policy debates over the costs and benefits of GE products. Issues include the impacts of GE crops on the environment and food safety, and whether GE foods should be specially labeled. Congress generally has been supportive of GE agricultural products, although some Members have expressed wariness about their adoption and regulation. The 109th Congress will likely continue to follow trade developments, particularly the U.S.-EU dispute, as well as U.S. regulatory mechanisms for approving biotech foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

Date: September 23, 2010
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Fire/Wildfire Protection

Forest Fire/Wildfire Protection

Date: May 22, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report provides historical background on wildfires, and describes concerns about the wildland-urban interface and about forest and rangeland health. The report discusses fuel management, fire control, and fire effects. The report then examines federal, state, and landowner roles and responsibilities in protecting lands and resources from wildfires, and concludes by discussing current issues for federal wildfire management.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Date: May 23, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report focuses on options for protecting structures and for protecting wildlands and natural resources from wildfires. It begins with a brief overview of the nature of wildfires, followed by a discussion of protecting structures. Then, it discusses wildfire damages to wildlands and natural resources, fuel treatment options and their benefits and limitations, and public involvement in federal decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Date: March 12, 2012
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: Wildfires are getting more severe, with more acres and houses burned and more people at risk. This results from excess biomass in the forests, due to past logging and grazing and a century of fire suppression, combined with an expanding wild land-urban interface-more people and houses in and near the forests-and climate change, exacerbating drought and insect and disease problems. This report looks at the causes of wildfires, and the pros and cons of their treatment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Protection in the Wildland-Urban Interface

Wildfire Protection in the Wildland-Urban Interface

Date: January 30, 2014
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report describes the growth of the wildland-urban interface, wildfire suppression efforts, post-fire responses, and especially the programs and options for protecting the interface before the next wildfire strikes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Protection in the Wildland-Urban Interface

Wildfire Protection in the Wildland-Urban Interface

Date: May 15, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: Report that describes the growth of the wildland-urban interface, wildfire suppression efforts, post-fire responses, and especially the programs and options for protecting the interface before the next wildfire strikes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfires: CRS Experts

Wildfires: CRS Experts

Date: July 5, 2012
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: The following table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to wildfires. Policy areas identified include federal wildfire policy; long-term land use management; federal firefighting assistance; federal emergency management policy; federal preparedness system and response plan; hazard mitigation; armed forces and national guard assistance; supplemental disaster funding; and disaster insurance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department