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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Alternative Sources of Wood for Japan
Japan is one of the world's largest wood importers, with two-thirds of its imports as logs (unprocessed timber). Southeast Asia has been the largest log supplier, but supplies (and exports to Japan) have been declining. The United States has become a more important supplier, but concerns about declining domestic timber supplies have led to proposals to prohibit or to tax log exports. Opponents suggest that Japan would simply turn to other sources to replace U.S. logs. One question in this debate is where the alternative sources of logs or wood products might be. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs143/
Federal Land Ownership: Acquisition and Disposal Authorities
This report describes the primary authorities of the following agencies for acquiring and disposing of federal land. These four federal agencies--the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and Bureau of Land Management (BLM), all in the Department of the Interior (DOI), and the U.S. Forest Service (FS) in the Department of Agriculture--administer about 95% of those lands. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689375/
Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6287/
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resource Management
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Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues
A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers discussed in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to autos and buses. The report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1034/
Amtrak and Energy Conservation in Intercity Passenger Transportation
A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers presented in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to some alternative modes of transportation, and the report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs364/
Forestry in the Farm Bill
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7974/
African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE
The conservation of African elephants has been controversial recently on two fronts: the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES, to which the United States is a party), and a Zimbabwean program for sustainable development called CAMPFIRE, which is partially funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Two controversies have sprung up recently about the African elephant. One is the changing status of this species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), of which the United States is a signatory. The other is over a program in Zimbabwe called "CAMPFIRE." The partial funding of this program by the U.S. Agency for International Development has been criticized by animal welfare groups and some conservation groups, though it has been supported by other conservation groups as well as many hunting organizations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs388/
The 2010 Oil Spill: MMS/BOEMRE and NEPA
This report reviews the environmental procedures required following the explosion of an oil well on a tract leased by BP from the federal government. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103097/
Mining on Federal Lands
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Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3290/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5189/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5190/
Mining on Federal Lands
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Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5192/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5193/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5194/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5195/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5182/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5183/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5184/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5185/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1885/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3287/
Mining on Federal Lands
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3286/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5177/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5178/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5179/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5180/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5181/
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests
In the second session, Congress continues to confront an array of issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the U.S. Forest Service (FS). The Administration continues to address public lands and national forests through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. Several key issues of ongoing congressional and administrative interest are covered in this report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6014/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1884/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3281/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3282/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3283/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3284/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3285/
U.S. Tree Planting for Carbon Sequestration
This report briefly discusses one of the widely discussed options for domestic carbon dioxide offsets: tree planting. Two terms are generally used for tree planting: reforestation, for planting trees in areas recently cleared of forest through timber harvesting or natural disaster; and afforestation, for planting trees on sites that have long been cleared of forests, such as crop, pasture, and brush lands. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689115/
Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5935/
Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6260/
Ecosystems, Biomes, and Watersheds: Definitions and Use
This paper describes the meaning and applications of ecosystem and of the related terms watershed and biome. It discusses the pros and cons of all three as organizing principles for land management, and the major issues that are likely to arise in the debate over ecosystem management. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs70/
Restricting Softwood Log Exports: Policy and Legal Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs71/
Forest Fires and Forest Health
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs345/
Wetland Mitigation Banking: Status and Prospects
Wetland protection is controversial because the federal government regulates activities on private lands and because the natural values at some of these regulated sites are being debated. This controversy pits property owners and development interests against environmentalists and others who seek to protect the remaining wetlands. Mitigation banking, which allows a person to degrade a wetland at one site if a wetland at another site is improved, has been identified as a potential answer to this shrill and seemingly intractable debate. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs474/
Survey of Grazing Programs in Western States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs283/
Mexican Spotted Owls: Federal Protection
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs47/
Mexican Wolf: Federal Protection
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs48/
The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8477/
Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress
Some Members of Congress have expressed concern over U.S. acquisition of rare earth materials composed of rare earth elements used in various components of defense weapon systems. On March 13, 2012, President Obama announced that the United States had joined with Japan and the European Union to bring a World Trade Organization joint dispute resolution case against China because of China's restrictive policies on rare earths and other minerals. Congress may encourage DOD to develop a collaborative, long-term, well-thought-out strategy designed to identify any material weaknesses and vulnerabilities associated with rare earths and to protect long-term U.S. national security interests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83958/