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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Administration's Lands Legacy Initiative in the FY2001 Budget Proposal - A Fact Sheet

The Administration's Lands Legacy Initiative in the FY2001 Budget Proposal - A Fact Sheet

Date: February 14, 2000
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: The fact sheet compares the FY2001 funding request for the Administration's Lands Legacy Initiative to the FY2000 request and the enacted FY2000 appropriation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Biotechnology: Background and Recent Issues

Agricultural Biotechnology: Background and Recent Issues

Date: September 5, 2006
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: Since the first genetically engineered (GE) crops (also called GM [genetically modified] crops, or GMOs, genetically modified organisms) became commercially available in the mid-1990s, U.S. soybean, cotton, and corn farmers have rapidly adopted them. As adoption has spread, there have been policy debates over the costs and benefits of GE products. Issues include the impacts of GE crops on the environment and food safety, and whether GE foods should be specially labeled. Congress generally has been supportive of GE agricultural products, although some Members have expressed wariness about their adoption and regulation. The 109th Congress will likely continue to follow trade developments, particularly the U.S.-EU dispute, as well as U.S. regulatory mechanisms for approving biotech foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies in the 109th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies in the 109th Congress

Date: July 7, 2006
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview

Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview

Date: January 18, 2001
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report presents a background on Biosafety Protocol for genetically modified organisms and an overview of Biosafety Protocol negotiations, key provisions and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview

Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview

Date: July 5, 2000
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E
Description: The Biosafety Protocol to the 1992 Convention on biological Diversity, adopted in early 2000, addresses the safe handling, transfer, and trade of biological organisms. The Protocol sets forth procedures and rules concerning trade in biological products, including genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that have engendered controversy, especially when they are used as agricultural crops. These rules are of key importance to U.S. economic interests in agriculture as well as those dealing in other genetically modified organisms. This report provides a brief summary of the key provisions of the Protocol and the major issues associated with them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brief Summaries of Federal Animal Protection Statutes

Brief Summaries of Federal Animal Protection Statutes

Date: December 18, 2008
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report contains summaries of federal animal protection statutes, listed alphabetically. It does not include treaties, although it does include statutes enacted to implement treaties. It includes statutes concerning animals that are not entirely, or not at all, animal protection statutes. For example, it includes a statute authorizing the eradication of predators, because one of the statute's purposes is to protect domestic and "game" animals; and it includes statutes to conserve fish, although their ultimate purpose may not be for the fishes' benefit. It also includes statutes that allow the disabled to use service animals, and even includes statutes aimed at acts of animal rights advocates (the Animal Enterprise Protection Act of 1992, and the Recreational Hunting Safety and Preservation Act of 1994).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Vincent, Carol Hardy
Description: The 109th Congress is considering issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the Forest Service (FS). The Administration is addressing issues through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. Several key issues of congressional and administrative interest are covered here.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: October 29, 2004
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: In the second session, Congress continues to confront an array of issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the U.S. Forest Service (FS). The Administration continues to address public lands and national forests through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. Several key issues of ongoing congressional and administrative interest are covered in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: March 20, 2006
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Vincent, Carol H.
Description: This brief focuses on several issues affecting Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and Forest Service (FS) lands that are of interest to the 109th Congress, and does not comprehensively cover issues primarily affecting other federal lands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Vincent, Carol H.
Description: The 109th Congress is considering issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the Forest Service (FS). The Administration is addressing issues through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. This report discusses several key issues of congressional and administrative interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Louisiana: Attempting to Restore an Ecosystem

Coastal Louisiana: Attempting to Restore an Ecosystem

Date: October 25, 2004
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: Congress continues to consider legislative options to address wetlands loss in coastal Louisiana. Some legislative proposals would dedicate some federal revenues from offshore oil and gas development to restoration efforts. Other proposals would authorize specific restoration projects or activities, or further examination of the causes and effects of loss. These projects are neutralizing conditions that lead to loss at some sites, and are reestablishing some wetlands. These projects are expected to have many ecological, economic, and social benefits. A July 2004 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers report, a draft ecosystem restoration study, identifies more than 150 possible remedies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: March 17, 2006
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: Prior to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had been seeking congressional approval for a $1.1 billion multi-year program to both construct five projects that would help to restore specified sites in the coastal wetland ecosystem in Louisiana, and to continue planning several other related projects. The state of Louisiana and several federal agencies have participated in the development of this program. This report introduces this program and restoration options that are being discussed in the wake of the hurricanes. It also discusses whether this program, if completed, might have muted the impacts of these hurricanes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: Prior to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had been seeking congressional approval for a $1.1 billion multi-year program to both construct five projects that would help to restore specified sites in the coastal wetland ecosystem in Louisiana, and to continue planning several other related projects. The state of Louisiana and several federal agencies have participated in the development of this program. This report introduces this program and restoration options that are being discussed in the wake of the hurricanes. It also discusses whether this program, if completed, might have muted the impacts of these hurricanes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

Date: January 24, 2007
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: This report introduces a $1.1 billion programthat would help restore specified sites in the coastal wetland ecosystem in Louisiana and more extensive restoration options that are being discussed in the wake of Hurricanes Rita and Katrina. It also discusses whether this program, if completed, might have muted the impacts of the hurricanes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration: The Recommended Corps Plan

Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration: The Recommended Corps Plan

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: The Corps estimates that this entire package of recommended activities would cost a total of $1,996 million. Included in this package are recommendations for immediate authorization ($1,123 million), further authorized investigation ($145 million), and projects that could be authorized in the future ($728 million). This CRS short report is limited to a summary of this Corps report and the next steps in implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill

Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: August 27, 2007
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: Conservation is playing a prominent role in the development of a farm bill by the 110th Congress. This report introduces some of the issues that are influencing the development of a conservation title. It then reviews the contents of the House-passed bill, H.R. 2419.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill

Conservation and the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: August 27, 2007
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: This report introduces some of the issues that are influencing the development of a conservation title. It then reviews the contents of the House-passed bill, H.R. 2419. Some alternative proposals that the House considered are summarized in an appendix. The House-passed bill includes some elements of the alternative proposals (usually in modified form). This report is limited to the conservation title. However, conservation topics in recent farm bills have been increasingly addressed in other titles, and that trend continues with the House-passed version, which contains conservation provisions in the energy, forestry, and research titles, and others as well.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Date: January 3, 2008
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) enacted in 1985, which provides payments to farmers to take highly erodible or environmentally-sensitive cropland out of production for ten years or more to conserve soil and water resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Date: August 16, 2007
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) enacted in 1985, which provides payments to farmers to take highly erodible or environmentally-sensitive cropland out of production for ten years or more to conserve soil and water resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Date: September 11, 2008
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) enacted in 1985, which provides payments to farmers to take highly erodible or environmentally-sensitive cropland out of production for ten years or more to conserve soil and water resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Background and Issues

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Background and Issues

Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has been ratified by 167 nations, including the United States. It regulates the international trade in animals and plants that may be threatened by trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program

The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program

Date: November 14, 2001
Creator: Butler, Alice D
Description: The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) is one of the largest energy conservation programs in the nation. The DOE program is implemented in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Native American Tribes. It weatherizes an average of 70,000 dwellings per year. The program strives to increase the energy efficiency of dwellings occupied by low-income persons in order to reduce their energy consumption and lower their fuel bills. It targets vulnerable groups including the elderly, people with disabilities, and families with children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program

The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program

Date: July 17, 2002
Creator: Butler, Alice D
Description: The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) is one of the largest energy conservation programs in the nation. The DOE program is implemented in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Native American Tribes. It weatherizes an average of 70,000 dwellings per year. The program strives to increase the energy efficiency of dwellings occupied by low-income persons in order to reduce their energy consumption and lower their fuel bills. It targets vulnerable groups including the elderly, people with disabilities, and families with children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The agencies that implement the Endangered Species Act (ESA) regard the designation of critical habitat (CH) as providing only very limited benefits beyond those achieved through the listing of species and the avoidance of jeopardy to them. Several courts have now held that the relevant regulation and interpretation that result in this conclusion are erroneous and do not carry out the intent of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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