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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Date: March 21, 2013
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the various industrial uses for Hemp, a variety of Cannabis sativa and is of the same plant species as marijuana. The report compares Hemp with Marijuana and discusses global production, legal status, and recent legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs) in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Analysis of Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs) in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Date: July 22, 2013
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: Report that outlines the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and the current Renewable Identification Numbers (RIN) system, discusses the current market for various RINs, and outlines policy considerations to address RIN fraud going forward.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Availability of Nonfuel Minerals on Federal Lands: Background on the Issue

The Availability of Nonfuel Minerals on Federal Lands: Background on the Issue

Date: January 18, 1982
Creator: Powers, Jane
Description: The following report reviews the laws and practices that govern the extraction of non-fuel minerals from federal lands, and the restrict ions against such extract ions. Moreover, the federal land management agencies that regulate such activities are identified, and their responsibilities discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Vincent, Carol Hardy
Description: The 109th Congress is considering issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the Forest Service (FS). The Administration is addressing issues through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. Several key issues of congressional and administrative interest are covered here.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species List Revisions: A Summary of Delisting and Downlisting

Endangered Species List Revisions: A Summary of Delisting and Downlisting

Date: January 5, 1998
Creator: Noecker, Robert J
Description: This report outlines the process and reasons for delisting or downlisting, and summarizes the 27 species delisted due to extinction, recovery, or data revision, and the 22 species that have been downlisted from endangered to threatened status due to stabilized or improving populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species Act Amendments: An Analysis of S. 1180 and H.R. 2351

Endangered Species Act Amendments: An Analysis of S. 1180 and H.R. 2351

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: Because of wide-spread interest in possible amendments to the Endangered Species Act (ESA), CRS has received numerous requests for an analysis and critique of S.1180 and H.R. 2351. This report analyzes those bills. HR. 2351 was introduced on July 31, 1997 and S. 1180 on September 16, 1997. Each bill is discussed under various topic headings. The Senate bill will be described first, since it has been reported.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Ownership: Overview and Data

Federal Land Ownership: Overview and Data

Date: February 8, 2012
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.; Hardy Vincent, Carol; Hanson, Laura A. & Rosenblum, Marc R.
Description: Numerous issues affecting federal land management are before Congress. They include the extent of federal ownership, and whether to decrease, maintain, or increase the amount of federal holdings; the condition of currently owned federal infrastructure and lands, and the priority of their maintenance versus new acquisitions; the optimal balance between land use and protection, and whether federal lands should be managed primarily to produce national or local benefits; and border control on federal lands along the southwest border.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding for Wildfire Control and Management

Federal Funding for Wildfire Control and Management

Date: July 5, 2011
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report looks at four issues dominating wildfire funding debates: the high cost of fire management, funding for fuel reduction, the federal role in protecting nonfederal lands, and post-fire rehabilitation. The Forest Service (FS) and the Department of the Interior (DOI) are responsible for protecting most federal lands from wildfires, however, many in Congress are concerned that wildfire costs are spiraling upward without a reduction in damages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress

Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.; Vincent, Carol Hardy; Humphries, Marc & Alexander, Kristina
Description: The report starts out with a brief overview and analysis of Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Other issues discussed briefly include roadless areas in the National Forest System, national forest planning, national forest county payments, BLM land sales, and grazing management.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Helium-3 Shortage: Supply, Demand, and Options for Congress

The Helium-3 Shortage: Supply, Demand, and Options for Congress

Date: September 21, 2010
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: The world is experiencing a shortage of helium-3, a rare isotope of helium with applications in homeland security, national security, medicine, industry, and science. Federal officials have testified that the shortage is acute and, unless alternatives are found, will affect federal investments in homeland security, scientific research, and other areas. This report discusses the nature of the shortage; federal actions undertaken so far to address it; current and potential sources of helium-3 and options for increasing the supply; current and projected uses of helium-3 and options for reducing the demand; and options for allocating the supply if it continues to fall short of demand.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Heritage Areas: Background, Proposals, and Current Issues

Heritage Areas: Background, Proposals, and Current Issues

Date: September 5, 2008
Creator: Vincent, Carol Hardy & Whiteman, David L.
Description: This report focuses on heritage areas designated by Congress and related issues and legislation. Over more than two decades, Congress has established 40 National Heritage Areas (NHAs) to commemorate, conserve, and promote areas that include important natural, scenic, historic, cultural, and recreational resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Date: July 8, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources

The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview

Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview

Date: January 18, 2001
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report presents a background on Biosafety Protocol for genetically modified organisms and an overview of Biosafety Protocol negotiations, key provisions and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview

Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview

Date: July 5, 2000
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E
Description: The Biosafety Protocol to the 1992 Convention on biological Diversity, adopted in early 2000, addresses the safe handling, transfer, and trade of biological organisms. The Protocol sets forth procedures and rules concerning trade in biological products, including genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that have engendered controversy, especially when they are used as agricultural crops. These rules are of key importance to U.S. economic interests in agriculture as well as those dealing in other genetically modified organisms. This report provides a brief summary of the key provisions of the Protocol and the major issues associated with them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biosphere Reserves and the U.S. MAB Program

Biosphere Reserves and the U.S. MAB Program

Date: June 4, 1999
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: Since 1972, the United States has participated in the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB), coordinated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In addition to the American Land Sovereignty Protection Act this report also discusses the legislation that would affect U.S. participation in the World Heritage Convention, under which World Heritage sites are recognized, and which include some of the sites recognized as biosphere reserves
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Date: January 3, 2008
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) enacted in 1985, which provides payments to farmers to take highly erodible or environmentally-sensitive cropland out of production for ten years or more to conserve soil and water resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Sources of Wood for Japan

Alternative Sources of Wood for Japan

Date: August 25, 1994
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: Japan is one of the world's largest wood importers, with two-thirds of its imports as logs (unprocessed timber). Southeast Asia has been the largest log supplier, but supplies (and exports to Japan) have been declining. The United States has become a more important supplier, but concerns about declining domestic timber supplies have led to proposals to prohibit or to tax log exports. Opponents suggest that Japan would simply turn to other sources to replace U.S. logs. One question in this debate is where the alternative sources of logs or wood products might be.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Ownership: Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Federal Land Ownership: Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Date: May 19, 2015
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.; Corn, M. L.; Comay, Laura B. & Hoover, Katie
Description: This report describes the primary authorities of the following agencies for acquiring and disposing of federal land. These four federal agencies--the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and Bureau of Land Management (BLM), all in the Department of the Interior (DOI), and the U.S. Forest Service (FS) in the Department of Agriculture--administer about 95% of those lands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resource Management

Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resource Management

Date: February 27, 2001
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol; Cody, Betsy A; Corn, M. Lynne; Gorte, Ross W; Johnson, Sandra L; Whiteman, David et al.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers discussed in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to autos and buses. The report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak and Energy Conservation in Intercity Passenger Transportation

Amtrak and Energy Conservation in Intercity Passenger Transportation

Date: September 3, 1996
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers presented in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to some alternative modes of transportation, and the report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forestry in the Farm Bill

Forestry in the Farm Bill

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department