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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Biosphere Reserves and the U.S. MAB Program

Biosphere Reserves and the U.S. MAB Program

Date: June 4, 1999
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: Since 1972, the United States has participated in the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB), coordinated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In addition to the American Land Sovereignty Protection Act this report also discusses the legislation that would affect U.S. participation in the World Heritage Convention, under which World Heritage sites are recognized, and which include some of the sites recognized as biosphere reserves
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Roadless Areas: The Administration's Moratorium

Roadless Areas: The Administration's Moratorium

Date: April 8, 1999
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Ownership: Constitutional Authority; the History of Acquisition, Disposal, and Retention; and Current Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Federal Land Ownership: Constitutional Authority; the History of Acquisition, Disposal, and Retention; and Current Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Date: April 7, 1999
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Amtrak and Energy Conservation: Background and Selected Public Policy Issues

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: A rationale for federal financial support to Amtrak has been that rail service conserves energy, compared to other forms of intercity passenger transportation. The numbers discussed in this report suggest that the rationale might not be valid with regard to autos and buses. The report discusses some public policy implications that could follow from that conclusion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land and Resource Management: A Primer

Federal Land and Resource Management: A Primer

Date: December 22, 1998
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Sales of Natural Resources: Pricing and Allocation Mechanisms (1998)

Federal Sales of Natural Resources: Pricing and Allocation Mechanisms (1998)

Date: December 11, 1998
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grazing Fees and Rangeland Management

Grazing Fees and Rangeland Management

Date: December 4, 1998
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM, Department of the Interior) and the Forest Service (Department of Agriculture) manage approximately 70% of the 650 million acres of land owned by the federal government and many of these lands are classified as rangeland. Both agencies have well-established programs permitting private livestock grazing. The Administration issued new, controversial BLM rangeland management rules effective in August 1995. Supporters contended that the Administration's new rules were a step forward in sound resource management, but some believed they did not go far enough to protect rangelands and riparian areas. Many in the ranching community opposed the new rules, believing that they would ultimately reduce private livestock activity on federal lands, and increase operating costs. This report examines the debate over federal grazing management.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marine Dead Zones: Understanding the Problem

Marine Dead Zones: Understanding the Problem

Date: November 23, 1998
Creator: Dandelski, John R & Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's Tritium Production Program

The Department of Energy's Tritium Production Program

Date: September 10, 1998
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E & Lau, Clifford
Description: Tritium is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen used to enhance the explosive yield of every thermonuclear weapon. Tritium has a radioactive decay rate of 5.5% per year and has not been produced in this country for weapons purposes since 1988.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Chip Mill Industry in the South

The Chip Mill Industry in the South

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: Chip mills turn trees into chips for paper, particle-boards, and exports. While the federal government does not collect data on a chip mill industry, chip production in the South has apparently been expanding. The timber supply appears sufficient to allow some increased harvests, but could be depleted by continued industrial expansion. The federal government does not directly regulate timber cutting but could become engaged if requirements of the Clean Water and Endangered Species Acts were triggered. The government also has export promotion programs and export tax incentives. Recently, concerns have been expressed to Congress about the possible effects of clear-cutting for chip exports on water quality and wildlife habitat. This report will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department