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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Restricting Softwood Log Exports: Policy and Legal Implications

Restricting Softwood Log Exports: Policy and Legal Implications

Date: August 13, 1993
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mining Law Reform: The Impact of a Royalty

Mining Law Reform: The Impact of a Royalty

Date: May 12, 1994
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Sources of Wood for Japan

Alternative Sources of Wood for Japan

Date: August 25, 1994
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: Japan is one of the world's largest wood importers, with two-thirds of its imports as logs (unprocessed timber). Southeast Asia has been the largest log supplier, but supplies (and exports to Japan) have been declining. The United States has become a more important supplier, but concerns about declining domestic timber supplies have led to proposals to prohibit or to tax log exports. Opponents suggest that Japan would simply turn to other sources to replace U.S. logs. One question in this debate is where the alternative sources of logs or wood products might be.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mahoganies: International Protection?

Mahoganies: International Protection?

Date: October 20, 1994
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Service Timber Sale Practices and Procedures: Analysis of Alternative Systems

Forest Service Timber Sale Practices and Procedures: Analysis of Alternative Systems

Date: October 30, 1995
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Below-Cost Timber Sales: An Overview

Below-Cost Timber Sales: An Overview

Date: December 20, 1994
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: The Forest Service sells some timber at prices that are less than the agency costs to administer the timber program. This report discusses these "below-cost" timber sales that have been debated by Congress for more than a decade, but no policy to address the issue has been adopted legislatively or administratively.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Helium Program: The Reaction Over an Inert Gas

The Federal Helium Program: The Reaction Over an Inert Gas

Date: October 9, 1996
Creator: Mielke, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health

Salvage Timber Sales and Forest Health

Date: June 7, 1996
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE)

An Overview of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE)

Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Radzanowski, David P & Garber, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Fires and Forest Health

Forest Fires and Forest Health

Date: June 7, 1996
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Health: Overview

Forest Health: Overview

Date: March 27, 1998
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Diversity: Issues Related to the Convention on Biodiversity

Biological Diversity: Issues Related to the Convention on Biodiversity

Date: May 15, 1995
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses treaty on biodiversity, issues, history and current status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to Major Natural Resource Issues in the 104th Congress

An Introduction to Major Natural Resource Issues in the 104th Congress

Date: January 30, 1996
Creator: Natural Resources Section
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wetlands and Agriculture: Policy Issues in the 1995 Farm Bill

Wetlands and Agriculture: Policy Issues in the 1995 Farm Bill

Date: December 19, 1994
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: Wetlands protection efforts have been a major concern for agricultural interests since Congress enacted so-called swampbuster provisions in the 1985 Food Security Act. Under these provisions, all producers who alter wetlands risk losing certain farm program benefits. Determining which sites are wetlands and enforcement of penalties remain contentious issues. Controversy has been heightened by confusion over how this program is related to the principal Federal regulatory program to protect wetlands, section 404 of the Clean Water Act, and how wetland determinations affect land values and private property rights. Because the 103rd Congress did not reauthorize the Clean Water Act, some of the wetland issues raised in that debate might be raised in the farm bill. Another wetland protection program, the Wetland Reserve (WRP), was enacted in the 1990 farm bill. This program, which pays farmers to place wetlands under long-term or permanent easements, has been far less controversial. This paper reviews the swampbuster and WRP, as well as controversies surrounding delineation of wetlands and relationships between private property rights and wetland protection efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Rural Abandoned Mine Program - A Fact Sheet

The Rural Abandoned Mine Program - A Fact Sheet

Date: June 12, 1995
Creator: Thompson, Duane A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Timber Rider": Section 2001 of the Rescissions Act

The "Timber Rider": Section 2001 of the Rescissions Act

Date: February 22, 1996
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biosphere Reserves: Fact Sheet

Biosphere Reserves: Fact Sheet

Date: October 3, 1997
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: Since 1972, the United States has participated in the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB), coordinated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This report presents a background on the criteria for Biosphere Reserves, designation process and the policy implications of designation/recognition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Salvage Timber Sale Rider: Overview and Policy Issues

The Salvage Timber Sale Rider: Overview and Policy Issues

Date: June 24, 1996
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Management: Appeals and Litigation

Federal Land Management: Appeals and Litigation

Date: February 26, 1997
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wetland Mitigation Banking: Status and Prospects

Wetland Mitigation Banking: Status and Prospects

Date: September 12, 1997
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: Wetland protection is controversial because the federal government regulates activities on private lands and because the natural values at some of these regulated sites are being debated. This controversy pits property owners and development interests against environmentalists and others who seek to protect the remaining wetlands. Mitigation banking, which allows a person to degrade a wetland at one site if a wetland at another site is improved, has been identified as a potential answer to this shrill and seemingly intractable debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Chip Mill Industry in the South

The Chip Mill Industry in the South

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: Chip mills turn trees into chips for paper, particle-boards, and exports. While the federal government does not collect data on a chip mill industry, chip production in the South has apparently been expanding. The timber supply appears sufficient to allow some increased harvests, but could be depleted by continued industrial expansion. The federal government does not directly regulate timber cutting but could become engaged if requirements of the Clean Water and Endangered Species Acts were triggered. The government also has export promotion programs and export tax incentives. Recently, concerns have been expressed to Congress about the possible effects of clear-cutting for chip exports on water quality and wildlife habitat. This report will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Timber Harvests: Implications for U.S. Timber Supply

Federal Timber Harvests: Implications for U.S. Timber Supply

Date: March 10, 1998
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Sales of Natural Resources: Pricing and Allocation Mechanisms (1998)

Federal Sales of Natural Resources: Pricing and Allocation Mechanisms (1998)

Date: December 11, 1998
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress

Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: August 6, 2001
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department