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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Endangered Species Act (ESA) Issues Regarding Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead

Endangered Species Act (ESA) Issues Regarding Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead

Date: January 26, 2009
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Buck, Eugene H.
Description: The construction and operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) have reduced salmon and steelhead populations in the Columbia Basin. This report discusses the federal regulation of this system under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Specialty Metal Provision and the Berry Amendment: Issues for Congress

The Specialty Metal Provision and the Berry Amendment: Issues for Congress

Date: October 28, 2008
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines the specialty metal provision which was originally part of the Berry Amendment, the potential oversight issues for Congress, and options that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The agencies that implement the Endangered Species Act (ESA) regard the designation of critical habitat (CH) as providing only very limited benefits beyond those achieved through the listing of species and the avoidance of jeopardy to them. Several courts have now held that the relevant regulation and interpretation that result in this conclusion are erroneous and do not carry out the intent of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act: Consideration of Economic Factors

The Endangered Species Act: Consideration of Economic Factors

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides for the listing and protection of species that are found to be “endangered” or “threatened” – species that might become extinct. The listing of a species as endangered triggers the prohibitions in the Act against “taking” (killing or harming) individuals of the protected species, unless a permit is obtained to take individuals incidental to an otherwise lawful proposed action, or an exemption for the proposed action is obtained. Unauthorized taking of a listed species can result in civil or criminal penalties. These prohibitions and potential penalties can affect various activities, including development and use of land, with attendant economic impacts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act: Consideration of Economic Factors

The Endangered Species Act: Consideration of Economic Factors

Date: April 15, 2003
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides for the listing and protection of species that are found to be “endangered” or “threatened” – species that might become extinct. The listing of a species as endangered triggers the prohibitions in the Act against “taking” (killing or harming) individuals of the protected species, unless a permit is obtained to take individuals incidental to an otherwise lawful proposed action, or an exemption for the proposed action is obtained. Unauthorized taking of a listed species can result in civil or criminal penalties. These prohibitions and potential penalties can affect various activities, including development and use of land, with attendant economic impacts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Background and Current Law

The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Background and Current Law

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report provides a brief overview of how the Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA)2 and their relevant regulations may apply to military training and readiness activities of the Department of Defense (DOD). Military activities may “take” protected creatures directly (e.g,. killing with ordnance during rifle, gunnery or assault drills), or might destroy habitat (e.g., artillery or bombing practices), even if these results are not the purpose of the activities. The applicability of the MBTA and ESA to military readiness activities has been controversial recently and legislation has been enacted in both the 107th and 108th Congresses on these topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Current Law and Legislative Proposals

The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Current Law and Legislative Proposals

Date: May 30, 2003
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report provides a brief overview of how the Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA)2 and their relevant regulations may apply to military training and readiness activities of the Department of Defense (DOD). Military activities may “take” protected creatures directly (e.g,. killing with ordnance during rifle, gunnery or assault drills), or might destroy habitat (e.g., artillery or bombing practices), even if these results are not the purpose of the activities. The applicability of the MBTA and ESA to military readiness activities has been controversial recently and legislation has been enacted in both the 107th and 108th Congresses on these topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Grazing Regulations: Public Lands Council v. Babbitt

Federal Grazing Regulations: Public Lands Council v. Babbitt

Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses new regulations on livestock grazing on lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management became effective August 21, 1995. Many aspects of the new regulations were challenged in Public Lands Council v. Babbitt. A federal district court upheld many of the regulations, but struck down four of them and enjoined their implementation. At the appellate level, only the new regulation allowing conservation use to the exclusion of livestock grazing for the full term of a permit was held invalid. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear the case and argument has been set for March 1, 2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Forest Roadless Area Initiative

The National Forest Roadless Area Initiative

Date: August 22, 2000
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

Date: January 22, 2002
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

Date: May 18, 2001
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

Date: December 19, 2002
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

Date: May 22, 2003
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative

Date: July 23, 2003
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Date: August 27, 2004
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"

The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"

Date: July 16, 2002
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report provides a context for evaluating legislative proposals through examples of how science has been used in selected cases, a discussion of the nature and role of science in general, and its role in the Endangered Species Act (ESA) process in particular, together with general and agency information quality requirements and policies, and a review of how the courts have viewed agency use of science.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela; Buck, Eugene H & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 receives significant congressional attention. The associated power and reach of its comprehensive protection for species identified as endangered or threatened with extinction has ignited concern that there be appropriate bounds on this power. The following discussion provides an overview and background on the various features of the ESA that contribute to its stature and yet spark an ongoing debate over its implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela; Buck, Eugene H & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 receives significant congressional attention. The associated power and reach of its comprehensive protection for species identified as endangered or threatened with extinction has ignited concern that there be appropriate bounds on this power. The following discussion provides an overview and background on the various features of the ESA that contribute to its stature and yet spark an ongoing debate over its implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2000 Federal Budget: A Description of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2000 Federal Budget: A Description of Programs and Funding

Date: January 14, 2000
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2001 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2001 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: April 17, 2000
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: June 10, 2002
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: August 15, 2002
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: October 31, 2002
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: January 13, 2003
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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