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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about defense health care, its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: April 13, 2009
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Lister, Sarah A.; Reyes-Akinbileje, Bernice; Smith, Pamela W.; Sommers, Andrew R. & Walke, Roger
Description: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009, which the President signed into law on February 17, 2009, provided more than $17 billion in supplemental FY2009 discretionary appropriations for biomedical research, public health, and other health-related programs within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). This report discusses the health-related programs and activities funded by ARRA, including details of how the administering HHS agencies and offices plan to allocate, award, and spend the funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Colello, Kirsten J.; Lister, Sarah A.; Reyes-Akinbileje, Bernice; Smith, Pamela W. & Sommers, Andrew R.
Description: This report compares funding provided for selected Health and Human Services (HHS) programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) conference report (H.Rept. 111-16) with the recommendations in the House- and Senate-passed versions of H.R. 1. It also briefly discusses ARRA's provisions on HIT and comparative effectiveness research as they relate to the funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Date: June 19, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: Interest in methods to provide drugs at lower cost, particularly for the elderly, has rekindled discussion over the role the federal government plays in facilitating the creation of new pharmaceuticals for the marketplace. This report explores the issue of whether or not the substantial federal investment in health-related research and development (R&D) entitles the public to commensurate consideration in prices charged for any resulting drugs. It is intended to provide the reader with an understanding of the rationale for government support of R&D and subsequent efforts to facilitate private sector commercialization of new technologies generated from such work. Concerns surrounding innovation in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology are discussed within the broader context of the federal role in facilitating technological progress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about defense health care, its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: August 4, 2008
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report answers several frequently-asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE (the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: October 31, 2008
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report answers several frequently-asked questions about military health care, particularly related to TRICARE and its various aspects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Description: This report discusses seven areas of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) suicide prevention interventions: easy access to care, education, screening and treatment, limited access to lethal means, suicide hotline, media restrictions, and suicide prevention coordinators.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Progress in Combating Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): U.S. and Global Efforts from FY2006 to FY2013

Progress in Combating Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): U.S. and Global Efforts from FY2006 to FY2013

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses the prevalence of "neglected tropical diseases" (NTDs), U.S. and global actions to address them, and options the 113th Congress might consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Measles: Background and Federal Role in Vaccine Policy

The Measles: Background and Federal Role in Vaccine Policy

Date: February 9, 2015
Creator: Barry, Matthew B. & Cole, Jared P.
Description: This report presents basic information about measles, its history in the United States, available treatments to prevent individuals from contracting measles, and the federal role in combating measles--from funding, to research, to the authority of the federal government in requiring mandatory childhood vaccinations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2011

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2011

Date: April 7, 2010
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report explains the role the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Date: November 6, 2009
Creator: Hahn, Jim
Description: This report provides a background on the Medicare fee schedule, the SGR system and the annual updates, and discusses recent proposals to address this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assisted Suicide and the Controlled Substances Act: Legal Issues Associated with the Proposed Pain Relief Promotion Act

Assisted Suicide and the Controlled Substances Act: Legal Issues Associated with the Proposed Pain Relief Promotion Act

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: The Pain Relief Promotion Act, as proposed in the 106th Congress, provided that the Attorney General, in determining whether the registration of a doctor for the administration of controlled substances is in the public interest, should give no force and effect to state law authorizing or permitting assisted suicide or euthanasia. This language would appear to have been designed to abrogate the legal reasoning set forth by the Attorney General in a press release regarding the application of the Controlled Substances Act to acts of physician-assisted suicide. It would not, however, appear to have required the Attorney General to revoke such registrations; nor would it have criminalized assisted suicide or euthanasia. This report will be updated as congressional action warrants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cloning: Where Do We Go From Here?

Cloning: Where Do We Go From Here?

Date: April 23, 1998
Creator: Stith-Coleman, Irene
Description: News in February 1997 that scientists in Scotland had succeeded in cloning an adult sheep ignited a worldwide debate. Of concern are the ethical and social implications of the potential application of cloning to produce human beings. In response to concerns about the potential application of cloning to produce humans, actions were taken by the Administration and Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (P.L. 112-144)

The Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (P.L. 112-144)

Date: August 21, 2012
Creator: Thaul, Susan; Bagalman, Erin; Corby-Edwards, Amalia K.; Glassgold, Judith M.; Johnson, Judith A.; Lister, Sarah A. et al.
Description: This report provides a brief policy background narrative and an overview of provisions for each title of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA), P.L. 112-144. The legislation amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) to expand the authority of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in performing its human drug, biological product, and medical device responsibilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Health Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Veterans' Health Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 28, 2005
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Schiavo Case: Legal Issues

The Schiavo Case: Legal Issues

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses

Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses

Date: April 11, 1997
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Avian Influenza: Agricultural Issues

Avian Influenza: Agricultural Issues

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: Since the fall of 2003, a strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) has spread throughout Asia, infecting mostly poultry but also a limited number of humans. The virus reached Europe in 2005, and the Middle East and Africa in 2006. Avian flu is highly contagious in domestic poultry. Strict biosecurity measures are practiced by commercial poultry farms and encouraged by governments. The economic effects of avian flu outbreaks can be significant, especially given international trade restrictions. Controlling avian flu in poultry is seen as the best way to prevent a human pandemic from developing, by reducing the number of animal hosts in which the virus may evolve. This report mainly covers avian flu in poultry, and will be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Date: July 5, 2002
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: Legislation has been proposed in the 107th Congress to combat the use and abuse of Ecstasy (MDMA) and other “club drugs.” In a 2001 survey, 12% of 12th graders reported ever having taken the drug. The Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000, enacted by the 106th Congress, directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to increase penalties for Ecstasy offenses. As of March 2001, MDMA penalties became more severe than for powder cocaine but less severe than for heroin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Date: August 14, 2002
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: Legislation has been proposed in the 107th Congress to combat the use and abuse of Ecstasy (MDMA) and other “club drugs.” In a 2001 survey, 12% of 12th graders reported ever having taken the drug. The Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000, enacted by the 106th Congress, directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to increase penalties for Ecstasy offenses. As of March 2001, MDMA penalties became more severe than for powder cocaine but less severe than for heroin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Ecstasy: Actions of the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Date: October 31, 2002
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: Legislation has been proposed in the 107th Congress to combat the use and abuse of Ecstasy (MDMA) and other “club drugs.” In a 2001 survey, 12% of 12th graders reported ever having taken the drug. The Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000, enacted by the 106th Congress, directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to increase penalties for Ecstasy offenses. As of March 2001, MDMA penalties became more severe than for powder cocaine but less severe than for heroin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ecstasy: Legislative Proposals in the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Ecstasy: Legislative Proposals in the 107th Congress to Control MDMA

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: Legislation has been proposed in the 107th Congress to combat the use and abuse of Ecstasy (MDMA) and other “club drugs.” In a 2001 survey, 12% of 12th graders reported ever having taken the drug. The Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000, enacted by the 106th Congress, directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to increase penalties for Ecstasy offenses. As of March 2001, MDMA penalties became more severe than for powder cocaine but less severe than for heroin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department