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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Security

Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Security

Date: October 31, 2013
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Description: This report serves as a primer on pharmaceutical supply chain issues. It (1) describes the chain from manufacturer to patient, including where it is vulnerable; (2) summarizes current federal law, regulation, and FDA policies that Congress and the agency designed to protect the integrity of the final drug product, and indicates where those protections may falter; (3) notes state-level and professional association activities; and (4) discusses areas that Congress, FDA, and industry, health care, and patient stakeholders have suggested might be changed to increase the security of the pharmaceutical supply chain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hospital-Based Emergency Departments: Background and Policy Considerations

Hospital-Based Emergency Departments: Background and Policy Considerations

Date: December 8, 2014
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J. & Tyler, Nancy Leigh
Description: This report describes Emergency departments (EDs), the role they play in the health care delivery system, and current federal involvement in supporting EDs. It then discusses the causes and consequences of three commonly identified and interrelated challenges that EDs face: (1) crowding, (2) providing repeat care to a subset of patients who are frequent users, and (3) providing care to a large population who have behavioral health conditions when an ED lacks the appropriate resources to provide such treatment. The report concludes with policy options that Congress may consider to potentially improve ED functioning and reduce payer costs.
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Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Jansen, Don J. & Blakeley, Katherine
Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE.
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Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: January 7, 2013
Creator: Jansen, Don J. & Blakeley, Katherine
Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE - the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund.
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Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: July 10, 2008
Creator: Burelli, David F.
Description: In 1993, President Clinton modified the military policy on providing abortions at military medical facilities. Under the change directed by the President, military medical facilities were allowed to perform abortions if paid for entirely with non-Department of Defense (DOD) funds (i.e., privately funded). Over the last three decades, the availability of abortion services at military medical facilities has been subjected to numerous changes and interpretations.
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Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: July 12, 2006
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
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Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: July 24, 2013
Creator: Jansen, Don J. & Blakeley, Katherine
Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE.
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Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: June 19, 2013
Creator: Jansen, Don J. & Blakeley, Katherine
Description: Report that answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: October 4, 2012
Creator: Jansen, Don J. & Blakeley, Katherine
Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE - the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: May 20, 2008
Creator: Best, Richard A, Jr.
Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE - the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about defense health care, its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: April 13, 2009
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Lister, Sarah A.; Reyes-Akinbileje, Bernice; Smith, Pamela W.; Sommers, Andrew R. & Walke, Roger
Description: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009, which the President signed into law on February 17, 2009, provided more than $17 billion in supplemental FY2009 discretionary appropriations for biomedical research, public health, and other health-related programs within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). This report discusses the health-related programs and activities funded by ARRA, including details of how the administering HHS agencies and offices plan to allocate, award, and spend the funds.
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Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Colello, Kirsten J.; Lister, Sarah A.; Reyes-Akinbileje, Bernice; Smith, Pamela W. & Sommers, Andrew R.
Description: This report compares funding provided for selected Health and Human Services (HHS) programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) conference report (H.Rept. 111-16) with the recommendations in the House- and Senate-passed versions of H.R. 1. It also briefly discusses ARRA's provisions on HIT and comparative effectiveness research as they relate to the funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Date: June 19, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: Interest in methods to provide drugs at lower cost, particularly for the elderly, has rekindled discussion over the role the federal government plays in facilitating the creation of new pharmaceuticals for the marketplace. This report explores the issue of whether or not the substantial federal investment in health-related research and development (R&D) entitles the public to commensurate consideration in prices charged for any resulting drugs. It is intended to provide the reader with an understanding of the rationale for government support of R&D and subsequent efforts to facilitate private sector commercialization of new technologies generated from such work. Concerns surrounding innovation in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology are discussed within the broader context of the federal role in facilitating technological progress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about defense health care, its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: August 4, 2008
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report answers several frequently-asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE (the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: October 31, 2008
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report answers several frequently-asked questions about military health care, particularly related to TRICARE and its various aspects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Description: This report discusses seven areas of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) suicide prevention interventions: easy access to care, education, screening and treatment, limited access to lethal means, suicide hotline, media restrictions, and suicide prevention coordinators.
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Progress in Combating Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): U.S. and Global Efforts from FY2006 to FY2013

Progress in Combating Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): U.S. and Global Efforts from FY2006 to FY2013

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses the prevalence of "neglected tropical diseases" (NTDs), U.S. and global actions to address them, and options the 113th Congress might consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Measles: Background and Federal Role in Vaccine Policy

The Measles: Background and Federal Role in Vaccine Policy

Date: February 9, 2015
Creator: Barry, Matthew B. & Cole, Jared P.
Description: This report presents basic information about measles, its history in the United States, available treatments to prevent individuals from contracting measles, and the federal role in combating measles--from funding, to research, to the authority of the federal government in requiring mandatory childhood vaccinations.
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2011

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2011

Date: April 7, 2010
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report explains the role the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Date: November 6, 2009
Creator: Hahn, Jim
Description: This report provides a background on the Medicare fee schedule, the SGR system and the annual updates, and discusses recent proposals to address this issue.
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Assisted Suicide and the Controlled Substances Act: Legal Issues Associated with the Proposed Pain Relief Promotion Act

Assisted Suicide and the Controlled Substances Act: Legal Issues Associated with the Proposed Pain Relief Promotion Act

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: The Pain Relief Promotion Act, as proposed in the 106th Congress, provided that the Attorney General, in determining whether the registration of a doctor for the administration of controlled substances is in the public interest, should give no force and effect to state law authorizing or permitting assisted suicide or euthanasia. This language would appear to have been designed to abrogate the legal reasoning set forth by the Attorney General in a press release regarding the application of the Controlled Substances Act to acts of physician-assisted suicide. It would not, however, appear to have required the Attorney General to revoke such registrations; nor would it have criminalized assisted suicide or euthanasia. This report will be updated as congressional action warrants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department