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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
DNA Databanking: Selected Fourth Amendment Issues and Analysis

DNA Databanking: Selected Fourth Amendment Issues and Analysis

Date: June 6, 2011
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report looks at how the practice of DNA database programs, which have been looked at favorably by Congress, are in possible violation of the Fourth Amendment's prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures. It looks at how the databases' legality has currently been holding up in court, as well as how new advances and revelations in the science of forensic analysis and databanking may have potentially significant legal implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biotechnology, Indigenous Peoples, and Intellectual Property Rights

Biotechnology, Indigenous Peoples, and Intellectual Property Rights

Date: April 16, 1993
Creator: Axt, Josephie R; Lee, Margaret Mikyung & Ackerman, David M
Description: This report examines intellectual property right in pharmaceuticals in a particular context, namely, medicinal products and processes derived from the biodiversity resources of areas inhabited by indigenous peoples. This report discusses the international law regarding intellectual property rights in traditional knowledge and the American laws regarding traditional knowledge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

Date: August 14, 2009
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: This report describes the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" military policy, which holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in same-sex acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. This report also describes recent efforts by certain Members of Congress to amending this policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alert Systems for Missing Adults in Eleven States: Background and Issues for Congress

Alert Systems for Missing Adults in Eleven States: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 7, 2009
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L. & Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report discusses the emerging development of nationwide alert systems to recover missing adults, such as those with mental impairment (such as Alzheimer's disease), developmental disabilities, or suicidal tendencies. This report provides an overview of such alert systems in 11 states: Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Texas, and Virginia. This report also provides a discussion of issues for Congress to consider with respect to the federal role, if any, in developing state alert programs for missing adults.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS: The Ryan White CARE Act

AIDS: The Ryan White CARE Act

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Johnson, Judith A & Morgan, Paulette C
Description: This report discusses the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act, which makes federal funds available to metropolitan areas and states to assist in health care costs and support services for individuals and families affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This report discusses related legislation and appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Related to Prescription Drug Sales on the Internet

Legal Issues Related to Prescription Drug Sales on the Internet

Date: March 5, 2004
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prescription Drug Importation and Internet Sales: A Legal Overview

Prescription Drug Importation and Internet Sales: A Legal Overview

Date: January 8, 2004
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health in Developing Countries: The U.S. Response

Health in Developing Countries: The U.S. Response

Date: February 27, 2001
Creator: McHugh, Lois B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: An Overview

The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: An Overview

Date: June 12, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A. & Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report first provides a synopsis of key events, actions taken, and authorities invoked by WHO, the U.S. federal government, and state and local governments. It then discusses the WHO process to determine the phase of a flu pandemic, and selected actions taken by the Departments of Homeland Security and Health and Human Services, and by state and local authorities. Next, it lists congressional hearings held to date, and provides information about appropriations and funding for pandemic flu activities. Finally, it summarizes U.S. government pandemic flu planning documents and lists sources for additional information about the situation as it unfolds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: Improper ergonomic design of jobs is one of the leading causes of work-related illness, accounting for perhaps a third of employers’ costs under state workers’ compensation laws. Due to the wide variety of circumstances, however, any comprehensive standard would probably have to be complex and costly, while scientific understanding of the problem is not complete.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Date: May 7, 2002
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: Improper ergonomic design of jobs is one of the leading causes of work-related illness, accounting for perhaps a third of employers’ costs under state workers’ compensation laws. Due to the wide variety of circumstances, however, any comprehensive standard would probably have to be complex and costly, while scientific understanding of the problem is not complete.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Ergonomics in the Workplace: Is It Time for an OSHA Standard?

Date: January 23, 2003
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: Improper ergonomic design of jobs is one of the leading causes of work-related illness, accounting for perhaps a third of employers’ costs under state workers’ compensation laws. Due to the wide variety of circumstances, however, any comprehensive standard would probably have to be complex and costly, while scientific understanding of the problem is not complete.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disease Funding and NIH Priority Setting

Disease Funding and NIH Priority Setting

Date: September 10, 1998
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: Research at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has strong political support, but a heated debate rages over the allocation of NIH funds among various diseases. NIH contends that decisions are made based on scientific opportunity while critics of the NIH process charge that spending often follows current politics and political correctness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Causes of Action Against Health Plans Under S. 1052 and S. 889

Federal and State Causes of Action Against Health Plans Under S. 1052 and S. 889

Date: June 19, 2001
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Protection and Managed Care

Patient Protection and Managed Care

Date: October 25, 2002
Creator: Hearne, Jean P & Chaikind, Hinda Ripps
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: May 6, 2015
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report discusses various issues regarding the Family Planning Program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act. Enacted in 1970, it is the only domestic federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention: Federal Mandates for Local Government

Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention: Federal Mandates for Local Government

Date: September 11, 1998
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Vaccinations: Precedent and Current Laws

Mandatory Vaccinations: Precedent and Current Laws

Date: January 18, 2005
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Teenage Sexual Activity and Childbearing: An Analysis of the Relationships of Behavior to Family and Personal Background

Teenage Sexual Activity and Childbearing: An Analysis of the Relationships of Behavior to Family and Personal Background

Date: July 9, 1987
Creator: Griffith, Jeanne E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1415, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues

Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1415, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues

Date: May 15, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1648, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues

Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1648, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues

Date: April 8, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Harbor for Preclinical Use of Patented Inventions in Drug Research and Development:

Safe Harbor for Preclinical Use of Patented Inventions in Drug Research and Development:

Date: October 7, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Safety of Air Ambulances

The Safety of Air Ambulances

Date: May 23, 2006
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department