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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates

Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates

Date: January 12, 2009
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents various governmental and nongovernmental estimates of Iraqi civilian dead and wounded. The Department of Defense (DOD) regularly updates total U.S. military death and wounded statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). However, no Iraqi or U.S. government office regularly releases publicly available statistics on Iraqi civilian deaths or civilians who have been wounded. Statistics on Iraqi civilian dead and wounded are sometimes available through alternative sources, such as nonprofit organizations, or through statements made by officials to the press. Because these estimates are based on varying time periods and have been created using differing methodologies, readers should exercise caution when using these statistics and should look on them as guideposts rather than as statements of fact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: September 3, 2014
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report looks at several bills addressing the Family Planning Program (Title X of the Public Health Service Act) which have been introduced in the 112th Congress, including: funding for abortion-providing entities, elimination of the program, and prohibitions on government spending for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
TRICARE and VA Health Care: Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

TRICARE and VA Health Care: Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Date: April 28, 2010
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga & Jansen, Don J.
Description: The 111th Congress passed, and the President signed into law, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, and hereafter referred to as PPACA. This report addresses key questions concerning how PPACA affects the Department of Defense (DOD) TRICARE program and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
TRICARE and VA Health Care: Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

TRICARE and VA Health Care: Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Date: May 27, 2010
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga & Jansen, Don J.
Description: The 111th Congress passed, and the President signed into law, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, and hereafter referred to as PPACA. This report addresses key questions concerning how PPACA affects the Department of Defense (DOD) TRICARE program and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell:" The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell:" The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

Date: March 25, 2010
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: This report describes the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" military policy. Under this policy, but not the law, service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their "same-sex orientation." This report also describes recent efforts by certain Members of Congress to amending this policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Vaccinations: Precedent and Current Laws

Mandatory Vaccinations: Precedent and Current Laws

Date: October 26, 2009
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Description: This report provides an overview of the legal precedent for mandatory vaccination laws, and of state laws that require certain individuals or populations, including school-aged children and health care workers, to be vaccinated against various communicable diseases. Also discussed are state laws providing for mandatory vaccinations during a public health emergency or outbreak of a communicable disease.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans Affairs: Health Care and Benefits for Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange

Veterans Affairs: Health Care and Benefits for Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange

Date: October 30, 2009
Creator: Panangala, Sidath V. & Weimer, Douglas R.
Description: This report provides an overview of health care services and disability compensation benefits available to Vietnam veterans, Children of Vietnam Era veterans, and non-Vietnam veterans exposed to herbicides. This is followed by a discussion of the recent litigation pertaining to Navy veterans of the Vietnam Era who served offshore and were never physically present on Vietnamese soil.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coal Excise Tax Refunds: United States v. Clintwood Elkhorn Mining Co.

Coal Excise Tax Refunds: United States v. Clintwood Elkhorn Mining Co.

Date: May 16, 2008
Creator: Lunder, Erika
Description: In 1998, a U.S. district court held that the imposition of the coal excise tax, or black lung excise tax, on coal destined for export was unconstitutional. The process of refunding the tax has been controversial. This is because some coal producers and exporters have attempted to bypass the limitations in the Internal Revenue Code's refund scheme for bringing suit under the Export Clause in the Court of Federal Claims, seeking damages from the United States in the amount of coal excise taxes paid. The Federal Circuit Court of Appeals held the court had jurisdiction under the Tucker Act to hear the suits and allowed them as an alternative to the Code's refund process. However, in a 2008 decision, United States v. Clintwood Elkhorn Mining Co., the Supreme Court unanimously held that taxpayers must comply with the Code's administrative refund process before bringing suit. Meanwhile, H.R. 1762 and S. 373 would provide an alternative method for taxpayers to receive coal excise tax refunds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Response: Civil Liability of Volunteer Health Professionals

Emergency Response: Civil Liability of Volunteer Health Professionals

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Chu, Vivian S.
Description: This report discusses the patchwork of federal and state laws that operate to protect volunteers, which can include volunteer health professionals (VHPs), and those laws that trigger liability protection only for VHPs — with a focus on some of the midwestern states in addition to the Gulf region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi Civilian Casualties Estimates

Iraqi Civilian Casualties Estimates

Date: May 16, 2008
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents various governmental and nongovernmental estimates of Iraqi civilian dead and wounded. The Department of Defense (DOD) regularly updates total U.S. military death and wounded statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). However, no Iraqi or U.S. government office regularly releases publicly available statistics on Iraqi civilian deaths or civilians who have been wounded. Statistics on Iraqi civilian dead and wounded are sometimes available through alternative sources, such as nonprofit organizations, or through statements made by officials to the press. Because these estimates are based on varying time periods and have been created using differing methodologies, readers should exercise caution when using these statistics and should look on them as guideposts rather than as statements of fact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department