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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

Date: May 26, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses the April 2009 outbreak of the influenza strain known as H1N1, or swine influenza. This report describes the distribution of the virus and the statistics of affected areas, as well as international and U.S. efforts to treat infected persons, respond to outbreaks in various countries, and prepare for a possible influenza pandemic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program: Overview and Impact of the Affordable Care Act

The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program: Overview and Impact of the Affordable Care Act

Date: December 21, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Heisler, Elayne J.
Description: This report discusses the impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, which makes federal funds available to metropolitan areas and states to that provide a number of health care services for HIV/AIDS patients.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former NFL Players: Disabilities, Benefits, and Related Issues

Former NFL Players: Disabilities, Benefits, and Related Issues

Date: April 8, 2008
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Description: This report discusses professional football players' injuries and health conditions that might have long-term consequences for their health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: August 4, 2008
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report answers several frequently-asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE (the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu" Outbreak: An Overview

The 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu" Outbreak: An Overview

Date: April 30, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A. & Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report provides an introduction to the situation regarding the potential of a global human influenza pandemic caused by the new H1N1 flu strain. It includes a brief chronology of events; a discussion of key actions taken and authorities invoked by the WHO and the U.S. government; and information about key U.S. government pandemic flu planning documents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: An Overview

The 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: An Overview

Date: May 5, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A. & Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of key actions taken and authorities invoked by WHO and the U.S. government. First, it discusses the WHO process to determine the phase of a threatened or emerging flu pandemic and touches on a number of related issues. The report then examines actions taken by the Departments of Homeland Security and Health and Human Services and provides information about appropriations and funding for pandemic flu activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Date: February 3, 2009
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report explores the reasons behind government funding of research and development and subsequent efforts to facilitate private sector commercialization of the results of such work, without addressing issues associated with drug costs or pricing. It particularly looks at the manner in which the National Institutes of Health (NIH) supports research to encourage the development of new pharmaceuticals and therapeutics, particularly through cooperative activities among academia, industry, and government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Health and Medical Preparedness and Response: Issues in the 111th Congress

Public Health and Medical Preparedness and Response: Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: February 10, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report summarizes key issues in domestic public health and medical preparedness and response, citing other CRS Reports and sources of additional information. Key recent events--the 2001 terrorist attacks, Hurricane Katrina, and concerns about an influenza ("flu") pandemic, among others--sharpened congressional interest in the nation's systems to track and respond to public health threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
End-of-Life Care: Services, Costs, Ethics, and Quality of Care

End-of-Life Care: Services, Costs, Ethics, and Quality of Care

Date: February 23, 2009
Creator: Colello, Kirsten J.; Mulvey, Janemarie; Sarata, Amanda K.; Williams, Erin D. & Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report provides information on various aspects of end-of-life care: (1) demographic and historical changes affecting death and dying in the United States (2) the definitions of end-of-life, palliative, and hospice care (3) costs associated with end-of-life care (4) end-of-life care laws and ethics (5) quality of care at the end of life and (6) policy issues that would modify or expand the federal government's role in addressing end-of-life care.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FDA Regulation of Follow-On Biologics

FDA Regulation of Follow-On Biologics

Date: February 24, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Judith A.
Description: This report provides a brief introduction to the relevant law regarding follow-on biologics, the regulatory framework at the FDA, the scientific challenges for the FDA in considering the approval of follow-on biologics, and a description of the proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: May 20, 2008
Creator: Best, Richard A, Jr.
Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE - the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Mental Health Delivery System Infrastructure: A Primer

The U.S. Mental Health Delivery System Infrastructure: A Primer

Date: April 21, 2009
Creator: Sundararaman, Ramya
Description: This report begins with a historical perspective on delivery of mental health care services. Next, it describes the health care delivery system within which mental health care is currently provided and presents the various mechanisms that finance the current system. In describing the mental health system, this report considers three aspects: Who provides care? Where is the care provided? Who pays for the care? Finally, this report analyzes the barriers to receiving mental health treatment and workforce training issues, and presents possible options for Congress to address these barriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about defense health care, its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs

Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Description: This report describes the current status of direct-to-consumer (DTC) drug advertising; analyzes issues surrounding it; and discusses potential options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: April 13, 2009
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Lister, Sarah A.; Reyes-Akinbileje, Bernice; Smith, Pamela W.; Sommers, Andrew R. & Walke, Roger
Description: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009, which the President signed into law on February 17, 2009, provided more than $17 billion in supplemental FY2009 discretionary appropriations for biomedical research, public health, and other health-related programs within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). This report discusses the health-related programs and activities funded by ARRA, including details of how the administering HHS agencies and offices plan to allocate, award, and spend the funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of the Department of Defense During A Flu Pandemic

The Role of the Department of Defense During A Flu Pandemic

Date: June 4, 2009
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence & Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report focuses on the role of the Department of Defense (DOD) in supporting the nation's domestic response effort to a flu pandemic, although it will also touch on DOD's international role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Colello, Kirsten J.; Lister, Sarah A.; Reyes-Akinbileje, Bernice; Smith, Pamela W. & Sommers, Andrew R.
Description: This report compares funding provided for selected Health and Human Services (HHS) programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) conference report (H.Rept. 111-16) with the recommendations in the House- and Senate-passed versions of H.R. 1. It also briefly discusses ARRA's provisions on HIT and comparative effectiveness research as they relate to the funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Taxation of the Drug Industry and Its Effects on New Drug Development

Federal Taxation of the Drug Industry and Its Effects on New Drug Development

Date: March 18, 2009
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines the impact of federal taxation on the incentive to invest in new drug development. More specifically, it looks at the provisions in current tax law that affect the performance of the drug industry, compares the industry's federal tax burden with that of other major industries, and assesses the effect of federal taxation on the incentive to invest in new drug development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FDA Tobacco Regulation: The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009

FDA Tobacco Regulation: The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009

Date: May 28, 2009
Creator: Redhead, Stephen C.
Description: This report focuses on the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. It includes a brief discussion of the contrasting views of FDA tobacco regulation held by the public health community and the industry, and provides some analysis of a number of key regulatory issues that the bill raises.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV): World Health Organization Responses

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV): World Health Organization Responses

Date: July 2, 2015
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses responses to the recent outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which has spread to more than a dozen countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research: Ethical Issues

Stem Cell Research: Ethical Issues

Date: April 28, 2009
Creator: Williams, Erin D. & Johnson, Judith A.
Description: This report discusses the ethical arguments that surround human embryonic stem cell research (ESR). Human stem cell research is controversial not because of its goals, but rather because of the means of obtaining some of the cells.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about defense health care, its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Date: March 31, 2009
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: This report discusses the issue before Congress of whether to continue the federal prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA), or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medicinal use of botanical cannabis products when recommended by a physician, especially where permitted under state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Medicines: International Trade Issues

Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Medicines: International Trade Issues

Date: May 28, 2009
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: This report focuses on the relationship between intellectual property right (IPR) provisions in international and U.S. trade policy and access to medicines. This issue represents one component of a broader debate about the relationship between trade policy and public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department