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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs

Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Description: This report describes the current status of direct-to-consumer (DTC) drug advertising; analyzes issues surrounding it; and discusses potential options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of the Department of Defense During A Flu Pandemic

The Role of the Department of Defense During A Flu Pandemic

Date: June 4, 2009
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence & Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report focuses on the role of the Department of Defense (DOD) in supporting the nation's domestic response effort to a flu pandemic, although it will also touch on DOD's international role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Date: February 3, 2012
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Description: Responsibility for prevention of veteran suicide lies primarily with the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VHA Strategic Plan for Suicide Prevention is based on a public health framework, which has three major components: (1) surveillance, (2) risk and protective factors, and (3) prevention interventions. This report identifies challenges the VHA faces in each component of suicide prevention and discusses potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Safety: Legislation to Promote Voluntary Reporting of Medical Errors

Patient Safety: Legislation to Promote Voluntary Reporting of Medical Errors

Date: November 26, 2003
Creator: Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report provides an overview and some analysis of the patient safety legislation that is being considered by the 108th Congress. It begins with background information on the nature and causes of medical errors, followed by a brief comparison of the differences between mandatory and voluntary reporting systems. The report then discusses some of the legal and policy issues facing state mandatory reporting systems and major national voluntary reporting systems, and identifies design features of effective reporting programs. It concludes with a discussion and side-by-side comparison of H.R. 663 and S. 720.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: December 5, 2006
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Health Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Veterans' Health Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 27, 2005
Creator: Panangala, Sidath V.
Description: This report provides an overview of major issues facing veterans' health care during the 109th Congress. The report's primary focus is on veterans and not military retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Form 1099 Information Reporting Requirements as Modified by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Form 1099 Information Reporting Requirements as Modified by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Pettit, Carol A. & Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report discusses the modifications to IRC § 6041 made by § 9006 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and briefly discusses the penalties that can be imposed on persons that do not comply with these information reporting requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

Overview of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

Date: December 6, 2004
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Chaikind, Hinda; Tilson, Sibyl; Boulanger, Jennifer & Morgan, Paulette
Description: This report examines the the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, which creates a prescription drug benefit for Medicare beneficiaries and establishes a new Medicare Advantage program to replace the current Medicare+Choice program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Health Care: The Issue of “Promised” Benefits

Military Health Care: The Issue of “Promised” Benefits

Date: February 10, 2000
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: In the debate over the Department of Defense policy on military health care benefits, many military personnel and retirees say that they were promised “free health care for life” when they entered the armed forces. What benefits are available and who is eligible to receive these benefits are matters determined by Congress. This report discusses the issue of “promises” of lifetime health care benefits made to military retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the criteria that foreign nationals must meet before admission to the United States including the reasons why a foreign national might be denied admission, most particularly on health-related grounds. It describes this issue in relation to the recent outbreak of the 2009 H1N1 ("swine flu") virus, and how the outbreak has affected various government agencies, such as the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This report also discusses efforts to confront and address related issues on a legislative front.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Bagalman, Erin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report looks at ways that prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), which maintain statewide electronic databases of prescriptions dispensed for controlled substances, can help to deter prescription drug misuse.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Number of Veterans That Use VA Health Care Services: A Fact Sheet

The Number of Veterans That Use VA Health Care Services: A Fact Sheet

Date: June 3, 2014
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Description: This report provides data on the number of veterans and VA health care users, and discusses the allegations of long delays in treatments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans Affairs: Presumptive Service Connection and Disability Compensation

Veterans Affairs: Presumptive Service Connection and Disability Compensation

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga; Shedd, Daniel T. & Moulta-Ali, Umar
Description: This report discusses presumptive service connection, its legislative history, and current challenges in making evidence-based determinations of presumptions. It also discusses the Agent Orange Act (P.L. 102-4) and suggests implications of the process established by the act for future presumptive service-connected determinations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans Affairs: Presumptive Service Connection and Disability Compensation

Veterans Affairs: Presumptive Service Connection and Disability Compensation

Date: September 13, 2010
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga; Scott, Christine; Weimer, Douglas R.; Moulta-Ali, Umar & Nichols, James E.
Description: The purpose of this report is to examine the very complex and sometimes controversial policy issue of establishing presumptive service connection. The material in it is based in large part on VA's "Analysis of Presumptions of Service Connection," and IOM's "Improving the Presumptive Disability Decision-Making Process for Veterans" reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans Medical Care: FY2011 Appropriations

Veterans Medical Care: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides benefits to veterans through three major operating units, one of which is the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), on which this report focuses. This report will track the FY2011 appropriations process for funding VHA, and will be updated as legislative activities warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: January 23, 2013
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report discusses the Family Planning Program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. §§300 to 300a-6), which is the only domestic federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services. The report discusses various services related to Title X and also considers current legislation related to the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report examines, first, the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of HHS in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; second, mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and finally, existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: February 21, 2013
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report looks at how the debate over family planning within the U.S. is spilling over to U.S.-funded family planning programs abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prevalence of Mental Illness in the United States: Data Sources and Estimates

Prevalence of Mental Illness in the United States: Data Sources and Estimates

Date: April 24, 2013
Creator: Bagalman, Erin & Napili, Angela
Description: This report briefly describes the methodology and selected findings of three large federally funded surveys that provide national prevalence estimates of diagnosable mental illness: the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R), the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), and the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). This report presents prevalence estimates of any mental illness and serious mental illness based on each survey and ends with a brief discussion of how these prevalence estimates might inform policy discussions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report examines (1) the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; (2) mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and (3) existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Care for Veterans: Suicide Prevention

Health Care for Veterans: Suicide Prevention

Date: January 30, 2015
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Description: This report focuses on suicide prevention activities of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VHA's approach to suicide prevention is based on a public health framework, which has three major components: (1) surveillance, (2) risk and protective factors, and (3) interventions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Clinical Tests: In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) Devices, Laboratory Developed Tests (LDTs), and Genetic Tests

Regulation of Clinical Tests: In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) Devices, Laboratory Developed Tests (LDTs), and Genetic Tests

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K. & Johnson, Judith A.
Description: In vitro diagnostic (IVD) devices are used in the analysis of human samples, such as blood or tissue, to provide information in making health care decisions. Examples of IVDs include pregnancy test kits or blood glucose tests for home use; laboratory tests for infectious disease, such as HIV or hepatitis, and routine blood tests, such as cholesterol and anemia; and tests for various genetic diseases or conditions. More recently, a specific type of diagnostic test--called a companion diagnostic--has been developed that may be used to select the best therapy, at the right dose, at the correct time for a particular patient; this is often referred to as personalized or precision medicine. This report provides an overview of federal regulation of IVDs by FDA, through the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act (FFDCA) and the Public Health Service Act (PHSA), and by CMS, through the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) of 1988.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: Selected Legal Issues

The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: Selected Legal Issues

Date: October 29, 2009
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report provides a brief overview of selected legal issues regarding the H1N1 influenza, including emergency measures, civil rights, liability issues, and employment issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: Selected Legal Issues

The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: Selected Legal Issues

Date: August 11, 2009
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Jones, Nancy L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of selected legal issues regarding the H1N1 influenza, including emergency measures, civil rights, liability issues, and employment issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department