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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement
The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs563/
Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals
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Tobacco Issues: National Public Opinion
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Medicare: Side-by-Side Comparison of Selected Prescription Drug Bills
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Medicare: Selected Prescription Drug Proposals
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Medicare: Prescription Drug Proposals
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Standardized Choices: Medigap Lessons for Medicare Part D
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Survey of the Fifty States and the District of Columbia Statutes Generally Concerning the Quarantine and Isolation of Persons Having A Contagious or Infectious Disease
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The Changing Demographic Profile of the United States
As noted by the Population Reference Bureau, “The U.S. is getting bigger, older, and more diverse.” The objective of this report is to highlight some of the demographic changes that have already occurred since 1950 and to illustrate how these and future trends will reshape the nation in the decades to come (through 2050). This report discusses the current and projected demographic changes if policymakers accelerate efforts to address and adapt to the changing population profile as it relates to a number of essential domains, such as work, retirement, and pensions, private wealth and income security, and the health and well-being of the aging population. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9276/
Global Climate Change: Federal Research on Possible Human Health Effects
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U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
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The Hill-Burton Uncompensated Services Program
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The Pros and Cons of Allowing the Federal Government to Negotiate Prescription Drug Prices
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A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?
The largest traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there is an ongoing nationwide shortage of RNs of various kinds and in various sectors of the health care services industry. Before the latest (mid-2002) release of supply-demand projections from the U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), it was estimated, based in whole or part on 1996 HRSA projections, that there would likely be a shortage of RNs in 2007 or shortly thereafter. This report first will analyze recent trends in the RN labor market and then examine HRSA’s new projections, which moved up the date of an RN shortage to 2000. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3260/
A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?
The largest, traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there are too few RNs available today to meet employers’ needs, that is, there is a shortage of nurses at the present time. It also has been estimated that there could well be a shortage of RNs in the not-too-distant future. This report will analyze the labor market conditions facing RNs and their employers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1872/
Pharmacy Benefit Managers
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Compliance with the HIPAA Medical Privacy Rule
As of April 14, 2003, most health care providers (including doctors and hospitals) and health plans are required to comply with the new Privacy Rule mandated by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”), and must comply with national standards to protect individually identifiable health information. The HIPAA Privacy Rule creates a federal floor of privacy protections for individually identifiable health information; establishes a set of basic consumer protections; institutes a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information; permits any person to file an administrative complaint for violations; and authorizes the imposition of civil or criminal penalties. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5175/
HIV/AIDS International Programs: FY2003 Request and FY2002 Spending
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: FY2003 Request and FY2002 Spending
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004
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The Prescription Drug Import Provisions of the FY2001 Agriculture Appropriations Act, P.L. 106-387
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Endocrine Disruption: An Introduction
Exposure to certain chemicals in the environment could disrupt the hormone systems of animals and humans, according to some scientists who are concerned about potential risks to public health and ecosystems. Congress has mandated chemical screening to assess the potential of pesticides and drinking water contaminants to influence the normal functions of female, male and thyroid hormones. As conflicting scientific evidence accumluates on the hormone disruption hypothesis, legislators may consider proposals to increase or decrease funding for the endocrine disruption screening program, or to expand its requirements to include additional chemicals or hormone functions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1879/
HIV/AIDS International Programs: FY2003 Request and FY2002 Spending
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: FY2002 Spending and FY2003 Outlook
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: FY2002 Spending and FY2003 Outlook
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: FY2002 Spending and FY2003 Outlook
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2005
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2005
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2005
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2005
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2005
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ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA, P.L. 93-406) places the regulation of employee benefit plans (including health plans) primarily under federal jurisdiction for about 124 million people. ERISA’s treatment of health plans is both complicated and confusing. ERISA has been interpreted as dividing health plans into two groups regulated differently under the law: about 54 million people are covered by self-insured plans for which the employer, rather than an insurer, assumes the risk for paying for covered services and about 70 million people are covered by purchased insurance (according to 2000 information from the Census Bureau and the Department of Labor). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5014/
ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA, P.L. 93-406) places the regulation of employee benefit plans (including health plans) primarily under federal jurisdiction for about 124 million people. ERISA’s treatment of health plans is both complicated and confusing. ERISA has been interpreted as dividing health plans into two groups regulated differently under the law: about 54 million people are covered by self-insured plans for which the employer, rather than an insurer, assumes the risk for paying for covered services and about 70 million people are covered by purchased insurance (according to 2000 information from the Census Bureau and the Department of Labor). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1814/
Patient Protection and Mandatory External Review: Amending ERISA's Claims Procedure
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Legal Right of Minors to Obtain Contraceptives
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Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Legislation: P.L. 109-148, Division C (2005)
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U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
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Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers
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U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
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Veterans' Medical Care: FY2007 Appropriations
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Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers
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Drug Control
How to prevent the non-medical use of dependency-producing drugs has been a public policy concern for at least a century. A large part of the responsibility for controlling such substances has been assumed by the Federal Government. Historically based on decision to restrict availability through a system of close regulation, including selective prohibition, the current Federal anti-drugs strategy lives on activities and programs in five major areas: 1) regulation and other “enforcement” efforts; 2) support for international control and for control efforts of individual drug-producing and drug-transiting countries; 3) education and other prevention activities; 4 ) treatment and rehabilitation for drug-dependent persons; and ( 5 ) research on drugs , drug dependency, and prevention and treatment methods. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8518/