You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
AIDS in Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa has been far more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. The United Nations reports that 25.8 million adults and children are infected with the HIV virus in the region, which has about 11.15% of the world's population but more than 64% of the worldwide total of infected people. This report discusses this issue in detail, including the cause of the African AIDS epidemic, the social and economic consequences, response and treatment, and U.S. policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8547/
2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response
In response to a series of disasters (namely, the 2005 Hurricanes Katrina and Rita) and terrorist attacks (namely, the 2001 terror attacks) over the past decade, Congress, the Administration, state and local governments, and the private sector have made investments to improve disaster preparedness and response. New federal authorities and programs to strengthen the nation's public health system were introduced in comprehensive legislation in 2002. Congress also created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002, and a new National Response Plan (NRP) was launched by DHS in December 2004. This report discusses the NRP and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and DHS, and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10363/
2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response
This report discusses the National Response Plan (NRP) and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in the Department of Health and Human Serivces (HHS) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9707/
Veterans' Medical Care: FY2006 Appropriations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8122/
Stem Cell Research
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8295/
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8385/
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8384/
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006
This report briefly discusses appropriations for international HIV/AIDS programs. FY2006 Appropriations for Foreign Operations (P.L. 109-102), Labor/HHS/Education (H.Rept. 109-300), Defense, and Agriculture (P.L. 109-97) provide more than $3.4 billion for international HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria initiatives. The largest portion of the funds is provided through P.L. 109-102, which directs more than $2.8 billion to fighting the three diseases. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8280/
Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies
This report discusses the issue facing Congress on whether to continue to support the executive branch’s prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with marijuana’s status as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medical use of botanical cannabis products by seriously ill persons, especially in states that have created medical marijuana programs under state law. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8244/
Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues
This report identifies and analyzes the patent law aspects of the current avian influenza drug situation. First, the report explains the role that patent rights have played in affecting the availability of Tamiflu. Second, the report examines options for increasing the drug’s production, including the possibility of governments abrogating Roche’s patent rights by issuing compulsory licenses to other drug companies to manufacture generic versions of Tamiflu without Roche’s consent. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7939/
Pandemic Flu Liability Limitation Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7972/
Pandemic Influenza: Domestic Preparedness Efforts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7927/
The Global Fund and PEPFAR in U.S. International AIDS Policy
The international HIV/AIDS pandemic continues to deepen. According to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, an estimated 39.4 million people were living with HIV in 2004, including 4.9 million who were newly infected during the year. This report discusses the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), which includes bilateral programs and contributions to the multilateral Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7922/
Hurricane Katrina: HIPAA Privacy and Electronic Health Records of Evacuees
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7766/
Funding Plant and Animal Health Emergencies: Transfers from the Commodity Credit Corporation
This report examines the Secretary of Agriculture's authority to transfer funds from the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) for emergency control programs. The Secretary’s use of this authority has increased in recent years, and has become an issue within government concerning the method for funding plant and animal health programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9122/
Gonzales vs. Oregon
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7671/
Federal and State Laws Regarding Pharmacists Who Refuse to Dispense Contraceptives
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7544/
Safe Harbor for Preclinical Use of Patented Inventions in Drug Research and Development:
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7913/
Hurricanes Katrina
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7506/
Impact on States of Revised Redistribution of Unspent FY2002 SCHIP Allotments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7505/
Hurricane Katrina and Veterans
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7565/
Hurricane Katrina: The Public Health and Medical Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7639/
Food Labeling: Allergy Information
Media attention to food allergies is the result of the recent tracking of food allergy sufferers and a clear rise in the number of affected individuals. Several efforts are underway to improve the ability of individuals who have a food allergy to avoid products that cause symptoms that can range from mild to serious. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Food Allergy Issues Alliance each have released guidelines to address the issues of labeling and cross-contamination. Nine state attorneys general have petitioned FDA for stricter rules, which are also supported by some consumer groups. The FY2002 agriculture appropriations bill directed FDA to address and report on cross-contamination; however, this report had not yet been submitted. Most recently, the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-282) was enacted on August 2, 2004. This report will provide background on food allergies and review efforts to provide improved labeling information for food allergy sufferers; it will be updated to reflect legislative or other activity. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9118/
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7318/
Stem Cell Research
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7148/
Veterans' Medical Care: FY2006 Appropriations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7452/
Stem Cell Research
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7150/
Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6651/
Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood
Genetic engineering techniques allow the manipulation of inherited traits to modify organisms. Genetically modified (GM) fish and seafood products are currently under development and may offer potential benefits such as increasing aquaculture productivity and addressing human health concerns. However, some critics of this rapidly evolving field are concerned that current technological and regulatory safeguards are inadequate to protect the environment and ensure public acceptance of these products. This report discusses various regulatory and environmental concerns regarding GM fish and seafood, then discusses the possible benefits and disadvantages of their use. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9123/
AIDS in Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa has been far more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. The United Nations reports that 24.5 million adults and children are infected with the HIV virus in the region, which has about 10% of the world's population but more than 64% of the worldwide total of infected people. This report discusses this issue in detail, including the cause of the African AIDS epidemic, the social and economic consequences, response and treatment, and U.S. policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6623/
Veterans' Health Care Issues in the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7451/
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6513/
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7591/
The Hill-Burton Uncompensated Services Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7765/
Human Cloning
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6460/
Stem Cell Research
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7151/
Vaccine Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7268/
Stem Cell Research
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6919/
AIDS in Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa has been far more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. The United Nations reports that 24.5 million adults and children are infected with the HIV virus in the region, which has about 10% of the world's population but more than 64% of the worldwide total of infected people. This report discusses this issue in detail, including the cause of the African AIDS epidemic, the social and economic consequences, response and treatment, and U.S. policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6622/
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6512/
Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6436/
Medical Malpractice Liability Reform: Legal Issues and Fifty-State Survey of Caps on Punitive Damages and Noneconomic Damages
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6285/
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6515/
Treatment of Health Care Expenses under the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7753/
Beneficiary Information and Decision Supports for the Medicare-Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card
On December 8, 2003 the President signed into law the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA, P.L. 108-173). This legislation establishes a Medicare prescription drug benefit, effective January 1, 2006. In the interim, the legislation requires the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to establish a temporary program of Medicare-endorsed prescription drug discount cards. This report discusses the objectives and benefits of this legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6351/
The Family and Medical Leave Act: Background and U.S. Supreme Court Cases
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7763/
The Schiavo Case: Legal Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7288/
Regulation of Plant-Based Pharmaceuticals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9207/
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6514/
The Pros and Cons of Allowing the Federal Government to Negotiate Prescription Drug Prices
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7743/