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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Nursing Homes and the Congress: A Brief History of Developments and Issues
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Biotechnology: Commercialization of Academic Research
This report provides an overview of the commercialization of academic research h in the field of biotechnology. It offers a brief definition, background and policy analysis, as well as legislation and hearings regarding the topic. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8589/
The NIH Recombinant DNA Guidelines: Brief History and Current Status
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Hospital Cost Containment
This report provides an overview of the dimensions of the problem of rising expenditures for hospital care, the reasons for rising hospital costs, general information on methods of controlling hospital costs and specific programs which have been developed, and some of the issues involved. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8831/
Parental Notification for Family Planning Services: Title X Regulations
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Heroin: Legalization for Medical Use
This report discusses the limited legalization of diacetylmorphine (heroin) for use in the medical treatment of intractable pain. The report attempts to present pros and cons on the issue as well as information on pending legislation. The report also provides a comparison of heroin's analgesic qualities to those of currently available and equivalent pharmaceutical alternatives. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8864/
Homeless in America
This report discusses questions dealing with the number of homeless Americans as well as trends in society's attitudes toward such people. The incidence of mental illness and the appropriateness, or lack thereof, of deinstitutionalization for such patients is another aspect of the problem which is covered in this packet. A CRS report gives an overview of the situation and of the Federal response. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9047/
Legal Right of Minors to Obtain Contraceptives
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Teenage Sexual Activity and Childbearing: An Analysis of the Relationships of Behavior to Family and Personal Background
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Survey of the Fifty States and the District of Columbia Statutes Generally Concerning the Quarantine and Isolation of Persons Having A Contagious or Infectious Disease
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AIDS: An Overview of Issues
This report discusses the many difficult policy dilemmas associated with the AIDS epidemic, including past Congressional funding to support AIDS research and education efforts, strategies for controlling the spread of the AIDS virus, and methods and resources available for the care and treatment of persons with AIDS. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8084/
Smokeless Tobacco: Snuff and Chewing Tobacco; Bibliography-in-Brief, 1983-1987
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Smokeless Tobacco: Snuff and Chewing Tobacco; Bibliography-in-Brief, 1983-1987
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AIDS: International Problems and Issues
This issue brief discusses the AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) virus and its effects on the world, especially with regard to the welfare of developing nations and various facets of general international relations. Also discussed are the related issues for Congress and U.S. contributions to international AIDS relief efforts led by the World Health Organization (WHO). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8096/
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education
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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Military Manpower Policy
This issue brief will discuss issues dealing with military manpower policy and the AIDS virus, including the level of the AIDS infection or HIV infection rates in the military; efforts to control the spread of AIDS to and among military personnel; and AIDS in the context of military personnel stationed overseas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8172/
Patenting Life
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Legal Implications of the Contagious Disease or Infections Amendment to the Civil Rights Restoration Act, S.557
This report discusses the civil rights restoration act, S. 557, as it passed the House and Senate. This provision would most likely be interpreted as codifying the existing standards relating to section 504 interpretation concerning discrimination against individuals with handicaps. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9610/
AIDS: An Overview of Issues
This report discusses the many difficult policy dilemmas associated with the AIDS epidemic, including past Congressional funding to support AIDS research and education efforts, strategies for controlling the spread of the AIDS virus, and methods and resources available for the care and treatment of persons with AIDS. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8095/
Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act
This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act provides support for family planning clinics, research related to family planning and population, training of family planning personnel, and development and dissemination of family planning information. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9074/
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education
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Drug Control
How to prevent the non-medical use of dependency-producing drugs has been a public policy concern for at least a century. A large part of the responsibility for controlling such substances has been assumed by the Federal Government. Historically based on decision to restrict availability through a system of close regulation, including selective prohibition, the current Federal anti-drugs strategy lives on activities and programs in five major areas: 1) regulation and other “enforcement” efforts; 2) support for international control and for control efforts of individual drug-producing and drug-transiting countries; 3) education and other prevention activities; 4 ) treatment and rehabilitation for drug-dependent persons; and ( 5 ) research on drugs , drug dependency, and prevention and treatment methods. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8518/
Biotechnology, Indigenous Peoples, and Intellectual Property Rights
This report examines intellectual property right in pharmaceuticals in a particular context, namely, medicinal products and processes derived from the biodiversity resources of areas inhabited by indigenous peoples. This report discusses the international law regarding intellectual property rights in traditional knowledge and the American laws regarding traditional knowledge. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8176/
World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet
The World Health organization (WHO), established in 1948, is the United Nations system's authority on international public health issues. It assists governments in improving national health services and in establishing worldwide standards for foods, chemicals, and biological and pharmaceutical products. WHO concentrates on preventive rather than curative programs, including efforts to eradicate endemic and other widespread diseases, stabilize population growth, improve nutrition, sanitation, and maternal and child care. WHO is not an operational agency. It works through contracts with other agencies and private voluntary organizations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26072/
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session
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Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses
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Tobacco Advertising: Whether the FDA's Restrictions Violate Freedom of Speech
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The Tobacco Settlement: An Overview
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Prescription Drug User Fee Act of 1992: Effects on Bringing New Drugs to Market
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Pfiesteria
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Pfiesteria
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Human Embryo Research
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Cancer Research: Selected Federal Spending and Morbidity and Mortality Statistics
This report shows federal spending at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for research on selected cancer sites. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs744/
Tobacco Advertising: The Constitutionality of Limiting its Tax Deductibility
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AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY1999
This report provides a synopsis of the budget activity related to AIDS from the discovery of the disease in 1981 through FY1999. Funding for AIDS research, prevention and treatment programs within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) discretionary budget has increased from $200,000 in FY1981 to an estimated $3.85 billion in FY1999. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs745/
Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1648, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues
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Cloning: Where Do We Go From Here?
News in February 1997 that scientists in Scotland had succeeded in cloning an adult sheep ignited a worldwide debate. Of concern are the ethical and social implications of the potential application of cloning to produce human beings. In response to concerns about the potential application of cloning to produce humans, actions were taken by the Administration and Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs746/
The Proposed Tobacco Settlement: Who Pays for the Health Costs of Smoking?
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The Proposed Tobacco Settlement: Effects on Prices, Smoking Behavior, and Income Distribution
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Tobacco Issues: National Public Opinion
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Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1415, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues
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Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement
The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs563/
Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals
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Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program
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Tobacco-Related Programs and Activities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Operation and Cost
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Veterans and Smoking-Related Illnesses: Congress Enacts Limits to Compensation
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Tobacco Control: Enforcement and Effectiveness of Federal and State Youth Access Laws
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Tobacco Legislation in the 105th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of S. 1415, S. 1530, S. 1638, S. 1889, H.R. 3474, and H.R. 3868
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Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, Second Session
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Disease Funding and NIH Priority Setting
Research at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has strong political support, but a heated debate rages over the allocation of NIH funds among various diseases. NIH contends that decisions are made based on scientific opportunity while critics of the NIH process charge that spending often follows current politics and political correctness. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs747/
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