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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Heroin: Legalization for Medical Use

Heroin: Legalization for Medical Use

Date: March 14, 1984
Creator: Blanchard, Randall, IV
Description: This report discusses the limited legalization of diacetylmorphine (heroin) for use in the medical treatment of intractable pain. The report attempts to present pros and cons on the issue as well as information on pending legislation. The report also provides a comparison of heroin's analgesic qualities to those of currently available and equivalent pharmaceutical alternatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: February 21, 2013
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report looks at how the debate over family planning within the U.S. is spilling over to U.S.-funded family planning programs abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: March 16, 2012
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report looks at how the debate over family planning within the U.S. is spilling over to U.S.-funded family planning programs abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report looks at how the debate over family planning within the U.S. is spilling over to U.S.-funded family planning programs abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

Date: September 23, 2010
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals.
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Health Care Reform: An Introduction

Health Care Reform: An Introduction

Date: July 29, 2009
Creator: Bob Lyke
Description: This report provides an introduction to health care reform. It focuses on the three predominant concerns just mentioned--coverage, cost and spending, and quality--and some of the legislative issues within which they likely will be debated, including the scope of reform (particularly whether Medicare and Medicaid should be included); the choice between public and private coverage; whether employment-based insurance should be strengthened, weakened, or left alone; and what role states might play.
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Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Date: July 1, 2005
Creator: Borgatti, Rachel & Buck, Eugene H
Description: Genetic engineering techniques allow the manipulation of inherited traits to modify organisms. Genetically modified (GM) fish and seafood products are currently under development and may offer potential benefits such as increasing aquaculture productivity and addressing human health concerns. However, some critics of this rapidly evolving field are concerned that current technological and regulatory safeguards are inadequate to protect the environment and ensure public acceptance of these products. This report discusses various regulatory and environmental concerns regarding GM fish and seafood, then discusses the possible benefits and disadvantages of their use.
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Pfiesteria

Pfiesteria

Date: December 8, 1997
Creator: Buck, Eugene H; Copeland, Claudia; Zinn, Jeffrey A & Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
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Pfiesteria

Pfiesteria

Date: September 23, 1997
Creator: Buck, Eugene H; Copeland, Claudia; Zinn, Jeffrey A & Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: July 10, 2008
Creator: Burelli, David F.
Description: In 1993, President Clinton modified the military policy on providing abortions at military medical facilities. Under the change directed by the President, military medical facilities were allowed to perform abortions if paid for entirely with non-Department of Defense (DOD) funds (i.e., privately funded). Over the last three decades, the availability of abortion services at military medical facilities has been subjected to numerous changes and interpretations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: November 24, 2002
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe and discuss the provisions for providing abortion services to military personnel, their dependents and other military health care beneficiaries at military medical facilities. The report describes the history of these provisions, with particular emphasis on legislative actions. Finally, this report discusses a number of proposals to modify the Clinton Administration provisions, as well as recently enacted legislation.
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Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: April 24, 2002
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe and discuss the provisions for providing abortion services to military personnel, their dependents and other military health care beneficiaries at military medical facilities. The report describes the history of these provisions, with particular emphasis on legislative actions. Finally, this report discusses a number of proposals to modify the Clinton Administration provisions, as well as recently enacted legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Military Manpower Policy

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Military Manpower Policy

Date: February 12, 1988
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: This issue brief will discuss issues dealing with military manpower policy and the AIDS virus, including the level of the AIDS infection or HIV infection rates in the military; efforts to control the spread of AIDS to and among military personnel; and AIDS in the context of military personnel stationed overseas.
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"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": Military Policy and the Law on Same-Sex Behavior

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": Military Policy and the Law on Same-Sex Behavior

Date: December 20, 2010
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: This report describes the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" military policy, which holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in same-sex acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. Under this policy, but not the law, service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their "same-sex orientation." This report also describes recent efforts by certain Members of Congress to amending this policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell:" The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell:" The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

Date: March 25, 2010
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: This report describes the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" military policy. Under this policy, but not the law, service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their "same-sex orientation." This report also describes recent efforts by certain Members of Congress to amending this policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

Date: October 14, 2010
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: This report describes the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" military policy, which holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in same-sex acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. Under this policy, but not the law, service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their "same-sex orientation." This report also describes recent efforts by certain Members of Congress to amending this policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior

Date: August 14, 2009
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: This report describes the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" military policy, which holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in same-sex acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. This report also describes recent efforts by certain Members of Congress to amending this policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Health Care: The Issue of “Promised” Benefits

Military Health Care: The Issue of “Promised” Benefits

Date: February 10, 2000
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: In the debate over the Department of Defense policy on military health care benefits, many military personnel and retirees say that they were promised “free health care for life” when they entered the armed forces. What benefits are available and who is eligible to receive these benefits are matters determined by Congress. This report discusses the issue of “promises” of lifetime health care benefits made to military retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prescription Drug User Fee Act of 1992: Effects on Bringing New Drugs to Market

Prescription Drug User Fee Act of 1992: Effects on Bringing New Drugs to Market

Date: September 12, 1997
Creator: Cantor, David J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet

ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet

Date: August 18, 2001
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps
Description: The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA, P.L. 93-406) places the regulation of employee benefit plans (including health plans) primarily under federal jurisdiction for about 124 million people. ERISA’s treatment of health plans is both complicated and confusing. ERISA has been interpreted as dividing health plans into two groups regulated differently under the law: about 54 million people are covered by self-insured plans for which the employer, rather than an insurer, assumes the risk for paying for covered services and about 70 million people are covered by purchased insurance (according to 2000 information from the Census Bureau and the Department of Labor).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet

ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet

Date: March 6, 2003
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps
Description: The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA, P.L. 93-406) places the regulation of employee benefit plans (including health plans) primarily under federal jurisdiction for about 124 million people. ERISA’s treatment of health plans is both complicated and confusing. ERISA has been interpreted as dividing health plans into two groups regulated differently under the law: about 54 million people are covered by self-insured plans for which the employer, rather than an insurer, assumes the risk for paying for covered services and about 70 million people are covered by purchased insurance (according to 2000 information from the Census Bureau and the Department of Labor).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Protection During the 107th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of House and Senate Bills

Patient Protection During the 107th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of House and Senate Bills

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps; Hearne, Jean P; Larkins, Fran & Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Efforts to Control the Spread of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Virus: Affected Countries' Responses

International Efforts to Control the Spread of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Virus: Affected Countries' Responses

Date: April 5, 2006
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Cook, Nicolas; Dumbaugh, Kerry; Lum, Thomas; Manyine, Mark E; Nichol, Jim et al.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: U.S. Casualties

Iraq: U.S. Casualties

Date: May 28, 2009
Creator: Chesser, Susan G.
Description: This report consists of a brief table summarizing casualty data compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD), including fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom since March 19, 2003, and since May 1, 2003, including statistics on those wounded, but not killed, since March 19, 2003.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department