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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Animal Identification: Overview and Issues

Animal Identification: Overview and Issues

Date: February 19, 2009
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report provides information about animal identification and proposed solutions. Livestock industry groups, animal health officials, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have been working to establish a nationwide identification (ID) system capable of quickly tracking animals from birth to slaughter, to deal with animal diseases and/or to satisfy foreign market specifications. Some consumer groups are among those who believe ID also would be useful for food safety or retail labeling purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Tort Claims Act

Federal Tort Claims Act

Date: April 27, 2009
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Cohen, Henry
Description: The Federal Tort Claims Act is the statute by which the United States authorizes tort suits to be brought against itself. With exceptions, it makes the United States liable for injuries caused by the negligent or wrongful act or omission of any federal employee acting within the scope of his employment, in accordance with the law of the state where the act or omission occurred. This report discusses, among other things, the application of the Feres doctrine to suits for injuries caused by medical malpractice in the military, the prohibition of suits by victims of atomic testing, Supreme Court cases interpreting the discretionary function exception, the extent to which federal employees may be held liable for torts they commit in the scope of their employment, and the government contractor defense to products liability design defect suits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alert Systems for Missing Adults in Eleven States: Background and Issues for Congress

Alert Systems for Missing Adults in Eleven States: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 7, 2009
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L. & Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report discusses the emerging development of nationwide alert systems to recover missing adults, such as those with mental impairment (such as Alzheimer's disease), developmental disabilities, or suicidal tendencies. This report provides an overview of such alert systems in 11 states: Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Texas, and Virginia. This report also provides a discussion of issues for Congress to consider with respect to the federal role, if any, in developing state alert programs for missing adults.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Date: November 6, 2009
Creator: Hahn, Jim
Description: This report provides a background on the Medicare fee schedule, the SGR system and the annual updates, and discusses recent proposals to address this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Requirements Concerning the Provision of Interpreters by Hospitals and Doctors

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Requirements Concerning the Provision of Interpreters by Hospitals and Doctors

Date: July 8, 2004
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report briefly discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities by places of public accommodation. This report specifically discusses a common question of whether or not the ADA requires medical doctors and hospitals to provide an interpreter when they have a patient with a hearing disability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": CRS Experts

2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": CRS Experts

Date: October 26, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report includes a table which provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to swine influenza A virus (H1N1). Policy areas identified include: Identification, diagnosis, and surveillance of the virus; Treatment and prevention: antiviral drugs (Tamiflu, Relenza) and vaccines; Declarations of emergencies; Official plans and organizational responsibilities; and Restrictions on travel and trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report examines (1) the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of HHS in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; (2) mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and (3) existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report examines, first, the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of HHS in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; second, mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and finally, existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report examines (1) the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; (2) mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and (3) existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: An Overview

The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: An Overview

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A. & Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report first provides a synopsis of key events, actions taken, and authorities invoked by World Health Organization (WHO), the U.S. federal government, and state and local governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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