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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Hospital-Based Emergency Departments: Background and Policy Considerations

Hospital-Based Emergency Departments: Background and Policy Considerations

Date: December 8, 2014
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J. & Tyler, Nancy Leigh
Description: This report describes Emergency departments (EDs), the role they play in the health care delivery system, and current federal involvement in supporting EDs. It then discusses the causes and consequences of three commonly identified and interrelated challenges that EDs face: (1) crowding, (2) providing repeat care to a subset of patients who are frequent users, and (3) providing care to a large population who have behavioral health conditions when an ED lacks the appropriate resources to provide such treatment. The report concludes with policy options that Congress may consider to potentially improve ED functioning and reduce payer costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ebola: 2014 Outbreak in West Africa

Ebola: 2014 Outbreak in West Africa

Date: August 8, 2014
Creator: Cook, Nicolas & Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report gives a overview of the West African Ebola outbreak that began in March, 2014. The report discusses the nature of the disease as well as local and international responses to it. The report also briefly examines U.S policy and congressional actions in the wake of the outbreak.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans Affairs: Health Care and Benefits for Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange

Veterans Affairs: Health Care and Benefits for Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange

Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga & Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: This report provides an overview of health care services and disability compensation benefits available to Vietnam veterans, Children of Vietnam Era veterans, and non-Vietnam veterans exposed to herbicides. This is followed by a discussion of litigation pertaining to Navy veterans of the Vietnam Era who served offshore and were never physically present on Vietnamese soil. The report concludes with a discussion of epidemiologic research conducted to study the health effects of Agent Orange and dioxin exposure on Vietnam veterans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Jansen, Don J. & Blakeley, Katherine
Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: January 23, 2013
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report discusses the Family Planning Program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. ยงยง300 to 300a-6), which is the only domestic federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services. The report discusses various services related to Title X and also considers current legislation related to the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Authority to Regulate the Compounding of Human Drugs

Federal Authority to Regulate the Compounding of Human Drugs

Date: April 12, 2013
Creator: Nolan, Andrew
Description: This report will examine the FDA's regulation of drug compounding and will discuss relevant legal authorities. The report will conclude by discussing potential limits to the FDA's authority to regulate human drug compounding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates

Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates

Date: January 12, 2009
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents various governmental and nongovernmental estimates of Iraqi civilian dead and wounded. The Department of Defense (DOD) regularly updates total U.S. military death and wounded statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). However, no Iraqi or U.S. government office regularly releases publicly available statistics on Iraqi civilian deaths or civilians who have been wounded. Statistics on Iraqi civilian dead and wounded are sometimes available through alternative sources, such as nonprofit organizations, or through statements made by officials to the press. Because these estimates are based on varying time periods and have been created using differing methodologies, readers should exercise caution when using these statistics and should look on them as guideposts rather than as statements of fact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: International and U.S. Responses

The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: International and U.S. Responses

Date: August 26, 2014
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses the Ebola virus disease (Ebola or EVD), which is a severe, often fatal disease that was first detected near the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in 1976.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: January 7, 2013
Creator: Jansen, Don J. & Blakeley, Katherine
Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE - the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report examines, first, the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of HHS in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; second, mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and finally, existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department