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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: March 15, 2016
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report discusses various issues regarding the Family Planning Program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act. Enacted in 1970, it is the only domestic federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: December 5, 2006
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Prescription Drug Proposals: Estimates of Aged Beneficiaries Who Fall Below Income Criteria, by State

Medicare Prescription Drug Proposals: Estimates of Aged Beneficiaries Who Fall Below Income Criteria, by State

Date: February 11, 2003
Creator: Peterson, Chris L. & Morgan, Paulette C.
Description: This report discusses bills related to Medicare benefits, which include additional assistance for low-income beneficiaries. The assistance would have been in the form of reduced, subsidized or eliminated premiums, deductibles and other cost-sharing. Proposals in the 108th Congress will probably also include some of these features for low-income beneficiaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress

U.S. and International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu: Issues for Congress

Date: February 6, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji & Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report will provide an account of global H5N1-related human infections and deaths, outline U.S. government and international responses to the global spread of H5N1, discuss situations in various countries affected by H5N1, and present some foreign policy issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Health Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Veterans' Health Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 27, 2005
Creator: Panangala, Sidath V.
Description: This report provides an overview of major issues facing veterans' health care during the 109th Congress. The report's primary focus is on veterans and not military retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research

Date: August 13, 2004
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Williams, Erin
Description: This report provides background on the research and potential applications of research that uses embryonic and adult stem cells. It also provides information about the current federal and state regulatory landscape, related Congressional and international actions, and relevant ethical concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Malpractice Liability Reform: H.R. 5, 109th Congress

Medical Malpractice Liability Reform: H.R. 5, 109th Congress

Date: January 18, 2006
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report discusses H.R. 5, which would preempt state law regarding some aspects of medical malpractice liability and liability for defective medical products, including drugs. The legislation would among other things, place caps on noneconomic and punitive damages (in states that have not enacted and do not enact caps), eliminate joint and several liability, modify the collateral source rule, limit lawyers' contingent fees, enact a federal statute of limitations, and provide for periodic payment of future damages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Human Cloning

Human Cloning

Date: July 20, 2006
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Williams, Erin D.
Description: This report discusses human cloning science and federal policy regarding human embryo research. It provides background on the topic, federal policies, state laws, Congressional actions, and ethical issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Veterans Health Administration and Medical Education: A Fact Sheet

The Veterans Health Administration and Medical Education: A Fact Sheet

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J. & Panangala, Sidath V.
Description: This report supplies facts about the Veterans Health Administration and its medical education. It describes the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and its involvement in the medical training of health care professionals. The report also gives details on the VA's academic affiliations, its funding of physician training, and its ongoing graduate medical education (GME) expansion. Figure 1 on page 3 shows the amount the VA spent on education and training from FY2010 to FY2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Care for Veterans: Suicide Prevention

Health Care for Veterans: Suicide Prevention

Date: February 23, 2016
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Description: This report focuses on suicide prevention activities of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VHA's approach to suicide prevention is based on a public health framework, which has three major components: (1) surveillance, (2) risk and protective factors, and (3) interventions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: January 26, 2005
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about the Military Health Services System (MHSS), its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed. Citations are made to more detailed CRS studies where appropriate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Smallpox Vaccine Injury Compensation

Smallpox Vaccine Injury Compensation

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Description: This report discusses the Public Safety Officers’ Benefits Program, which provides for compensation of individuals injured by vaccinations given as part of a countermeasure plan declared by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in preparation for potential hostile activities involving the smallpox virus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Clinical Tests: In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) Devices, Laboratory Developed Tests (LDTs), and Genetic Tests

Regulation of Clinical Tests: In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) Devices, Laboratory Developed Tests (LDTs), and Genetic Tests

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K.
Description: In vitro diagnostic (IVD) devices are used in the analysis of human samples, such as blood or tissue, to provide information in making health care decisions. Examples of IVDs include pregnancy test kits or blood glucose tests for home use; laboratory tests for infectious disease, such as HIV or hepatitis, and routine blood tests, such as cholesterol and anemia; and tests for various genetic diseases or conditions. More recently, a specific type of diagnostic test--called a companion diagnostic--has been developed that may be used to select the best therapy, at the right dose, at the correct time for a particular patient; this is often referred to as personalized or precision medicine. This report provides an overview of federal regulation of IVDs by FDA, through the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act (FFDCA) and the Public Health Service Act (PHSA), and by CMS, through the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) of 1988.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mental Health Parity and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

Mental Health Parity and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

Date: December 28, 2011
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K.
Description: This report provides a brief background on mental health parity and the policy discussion around parity in health insurance coverage; an overview of federal mental health parity law prior to the enactment of the ACA; and an analysis of the impact of the ACA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mental Health Parity and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

Mental Health Parity and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

Date: January 7, 2011
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K.
Description: This report provides a brief background on mental health parity and the policy discussion around parity in health insurance coverage; an overview of federal mental health parity law prior to the enactment of the ACA; and an analysis of the impact of the ACA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Security

Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Security

Date: October 31, 2013
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Description: This report serves as a primer on pharmaceutical supply chain issues. It (1) describes the chain from manufacturer to patient, including where it is vulnerable; (2) summarizes current federal law, regulation, and FDA policies that Congress and the agency designed to protect the integrity of the final drug product, and indicates where those protections may falter; (3) notes state-level and professional association activities; and (4) discusses areas that Congress, FDA, and industry, health care, and patient stakeholders have suggested might be changed to increase the security of the pharmaceutical supply chain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Safety: Legislation to Promote Voluntary Reporting of Medical Errors

Patient Safety: Legislation to Promote Voluntary Reporting of Medical Errors

Date: November 26, 2003
Creator: Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report provides an overview and some analysis of the patient safety legislation that is being considered by the 108th Congress. It begins with background information on the nature and causes of medical errors, followed by a brief comparison of the differences between mandatory and voluntary reporting systems. The report then discusses some of the legal and policy issues facing state mandatory reporting systems and major national voluntary reporting systems, and identifies design features of effective reporting programs. It concludes with a discussion and side-by-side comparison of H.R. 663 and S. 720.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report discusses the Family Planning Program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act, through which the federal government provides grants for voluntary family planning services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Rule

Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Rule

Date: February 4, 2005
Creator: Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report discuses the HIPAA privacy rule, which gives patients the right of access to their medical information and prohibits health plans and health care providers from using or disclosing individually identifiable health information without a patient’s written authorization except as expressly permitted or required by the rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: February 7, 2007
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Porter, Donna V.
Description: Numerous federal, state, and local agencies share responsibilities for regulating the safety of the U.S. food supply, which many experts say is among the safest in the world. Nevertheless, critics view this system as lacking the organization and resources to adequately combat foodborne illness, which sickens an estimated 76 million people and kills an estimated 5,000 each year in this country. The 110th Congress may face calls for a review of federal food safety agencies and authorities, and proposals for reorganizing them. Among the issues likely to arise are whether reform can improve oversight, and the cost to industry, consumers, and taxpayers. This report provides a brief introduction to the system and the debate on whether reorganization is needed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Form 1099 Information Reporting Requirements as Modified by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Form 1099 Information Reporting Requirements as Modified by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Pettit, Carol A. & Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report discusses the modifications to IRC § 6041 made by § 9006 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and briefly discusses the penalties that can be imposed on persons that do not comply with these information reporting requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Date: October 31, 2008
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report answers several frequently-asked questions about military health care, particularly related to TRICARE and its various aspects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

Date: May 26, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report discusses the April 2009 outbreak of the influenza strain known as H1N1, or swine influenza. This report describes the distribution of the virus and the statistics of affected areas, as well as international and U.S. efforts to treat infected persons, respond to outbreaks in various countries, and prepare for a possible influenza pandemic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program: Overview and Impact of the Affordable Care Act

The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program: Overview and Impact of the Affordable Care Act

Date: December 21, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Heisler, Elayne J.
Description: This report discusses the impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, which makes federal funds available to metropolitan areas and states to that provide a number of health care services for HIV/AIDS patients.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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