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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: October 29, 2001
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: Sub-Saharan Africa has been far more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. The United Nations reports that 25.3 million adults and children are infected with the HIV virus in the region, which has about 10% of the world's population but more than 70% of the worldwide total of infected people. This report discusses this issue in detail, including the cause of the African AIDS epidemic, the social and economic consequences, response and treatment, and U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: December 14, 2001
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: Sub-Saharan Africa has been far more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. The United Nations reports that 25.3 million adults and children are infected with the HIV virus in the region, which has about 10% of the world's population but more than 70% of the worldwide total of infected people. This report discusses this issue in detail, including the cause of the African AIDS epidemic, the social and economic consequences, response and treatment, and U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: May 14, 2001
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: Sub-Saharan Africa has been far more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. The United Nations reports that 25.3 million adults and children are infected with the HIV virus in the region, which has about 10% of the world's population but more than 70% of the worldwide total of infected people. This report discusses this issue in detail, including the cause of the African AIDS epidemic, the social and economic consequences, response and treatment, and U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Human Cloning

Human Cloning

Date: December 19, 2001
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assisted Suicide and the Controlled Substances Act: Legal Issues Associated with the Proposed Pain Relief Promotion Act

Assisted Suicide and the Controlled Substances Act: Legal Issues Associated with the Proposed Pain Relief Promotion Act

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: The Pain Relief Promotion Act, as proposed in the 106th Congress, provided that the Attorney General, in determining whether the registration of a doctor for the administration of controlled substances is in the public interest, should give no force and effect to state law authorizing or permitting assisted suicide or euthanasia. This language would appear to have been designed to abrogate the legal reasoning set forth by the Attorney General in a press release regarding the application of the Controlled Substances Act to acts of physician-assisted suicide. It would not, however, appear to have required the Attorney General to revoke such registrations; nor would it have criminalized assisted suicide or euthanasia. This report will be updated as congressional action warrants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Protection During the 107th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of House and Senate Bills

Patient Protection During the 107th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of House and Senate Bills

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps; Hearne, Jean P; Larkins, Fran & Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prescription Drugs: Importation for Personal Use

Prescription Drugs: Importation for Personal Use

Date: August 24, 2001
Creator: Vogt, Donna U & Randall, Blanchard, IV
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DNA Evidence: Legislative Initiatives in the 106th Congress

DNA Evidence: Legislative Initiatives in the 106th Congress

Date: January 26, 2001
Creator: Fischer, Eric A
Description: DNA evidence is a powerful forensic tool in criminal cases. Its use and capabilities have increased substantially since it was first introduced in the late 1980s. That growth has led to the emergence of the following issues that were considered by the 106th Congress in legislative initiatives: eliminating the nationwide backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples, expanding the kinds of offenders who are profiled, providing opportunities for post-conviction testing of DNA evidence, and continuing development of forensic science capabilities. This report discusses those and related issues and the legislation proposed and enacted to address them. It begins by describing provisions in prior federal law and then discusses issues and the legislation proposed, including the enacted DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (H.R. 4640, which became P.L. 106-546).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Information: Legal Issues Relating to Discrimination and Privacy

Genetic Information: Legal Issues Relating to Discrimination and Privacy

Date: January 24, 2001
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Information: Legal Issues Relating to Discrimination and Privacy

Genetic Information: Legal Issues Relating to Discrimination and Privacy

Date: July 19, 2001
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods

Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods

Date: January 18, 2001
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare's Skilled Nursing Facility Benefit

Medicare's Skilled Nursing Facility Benefit

Date: April 16, 2001
Creator: Yacker, Heidi G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: November 28, 2001
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: January 3, 2001
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Transportation and Industry Analysis Section
Description: The purpose of this report is to explain why many of those who are least able to afford high drug costs are those who are most frequently charged the most. This report describes the basic economic theory underlying price differentiation and, in the context of the pharmaceutical market, analyzes the role and behavior of pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), pharmaceutical manufacturers, and retail pharmacies, respectively. It also looks at a number of the criticisms that have been made of the practice of differential pricing. Finally, this report discusses various policy approaches aimed at assisting the elderly to purchase prescription drugs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?

A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?

Date: May 18, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The largest, traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there are too few RNs available today to meet employers’ needs, that is, there is a shortage of nurses at the present time. It also has been estimated that there could well be a shortage of RNs in the not-too-distant future. This report will analyze the labor market conditions facing RNs and their employers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endocrine Disruption: An Introduction

Endocrine Disruption: An Introduction

Date: January 11, 2001
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo & Buck, Eugene H
Description: Exposure to certain chemicals in the environment could disrupt the hormone systems of animals and humans, according to some scientists who are concerned about potential risks to public health and ecosystems. Congress has mandated chemical screening to assess the potential of pesticides and drinking water contaminants to influence the normal functions of female, male and thyroid hormones. As conflicting scientific evidence accumluates on the hormone disruption hypothesis, legislators may consider proposals to increase or decrease funding for the endocrine disruption screening program, or to expand its requirements to include additional chemicals or hormone functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Prescription Drug Import Provisions of the FY2001 Agriculture Appropriations Act, P.L. 106-387

The Prescription Drug Import Provisions of the FY2001 Agriculture Appropriations Act, P.L. 106-387

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Vogt, Donna U & Randall, Blanchard, IV
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Protection and Mandatory External Review: Amending ERISA's Claims Procedure

Patient Protection and Mandatory External Review: Amending ERISA's Claims Procedure

Date: January 19, 2001
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet

ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet

Date: August 18, 2001
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps
Description: The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA, P.L. 93-406) places the regulation of employee benefit plans (including health plans) primarily under federal jurisdiction for about 124 million people. ERISA’s treatment of health plans is both complicated and confusing. ERISA has been interpreted as dividing health plans into two groups regulated differently under the law: about 54 million people are covered by self-insured plans for which the employer, rather than an insurer, assumes the risk for paying for covered services and about 70 million people are covered by purchased insurance (according to 2000 information from the Census Bureau and the Department of Labor).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health in Developing Countries: The U.S. Response

Health in Developing Countries: The U.S. Response

Date: February 27, 2001
Creator: McHugh, Lois B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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