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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela; Buck, Eugene H & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 receives significant congressional attention. The associated power and reach of its comprehensive protection for species identified as endangered or threatened with extinction has ignited concern that there be appropriate bounds on this power. The following discussion provides an overview and background on the various features of the ESA that contribute to its stature and yet spark an ongoing debate over its implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marine Dead Zones: Understanding the Problem

Marine Dead Zones: Understanding the Problem

Date: November 23, 1998
Creator: Dandelski, John R & Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Exemptions for the Navy's Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training Program

Environmental Exemptions for the Navy's Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training Program

Date: April 15, 2008
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses laws related to the protection of marine mammals when using mid-frequency active sonar including the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), and the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA). The report discusses each of the laws generally, and then reviews the litigation surrounding the Navy's compliance with these laws in the context of using the sonar for training purposes off California's coast.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Zone Management: Background and Reauthorization Issues

Coastal Zone Management: Background and Reauthorization Issues

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Upton, Harold F.
Description: This report provides an overview of the coastal population and costal environmental threats. The report discusses the implementation and reauthorization Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) that was first enacted in 1972. Congress has reauthorized or amended this act eight times since 1972, responding to changing issues combined with a continuing interest in assisting states to manage their coastal resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Dai-ichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Dai-ichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Date: April 2, 2012
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: The massive Tohoku earthquake and tsunami of March 11, 2011, caused extensive damage in northeastern Japan, including damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power installation, which resulted in the release of radiation. Concerns arose about the potential effects of this released radiation on the U.S. marine environment and resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References

Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. This report summarizes legal and political events related to active sonar and marine mammals since 1994. This report summarizes some of the more significant recent events pertaining to active military sonar, in particular.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References

Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References

Date: November 3, 2005
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. This report summarizes legal and political events related to active sonar and marine mammals since 1994. This report summarizes some of the more significant recent events pertaining to active military sonar, in particular.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Active Sonar and Marine Mammals: Chronology with References

Active Sonar and Marine Mammals: Chronology with References

Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Calvert, Kori
Description: The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. This report provides a chronology of significant events and documents since 1994.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Active Sonar and Marine Mammals: Chronology with References

Active Sonar and Marine Mammals: Chronology with References

Date: June 22, 2005
Creator: Calvert, Kori
Description: The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. This report provides a chronology of significant events and documents since 1994.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Daiichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Effects of Radiation from Fukushima Daiichi on the U.S. Marine Environment

Date: April 15, 2011
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: The massive Tohoku earthquake and tsunami of March 11, 2011, caused extensive damage in northeastern Japan, including damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power installation, which resulted in the release of radiation. This report discusses concerns which have arisen about the potential effects of this released radiation on the U.S. marine environment and resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department