You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act: Innovation Issues

The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act: Innovation Issues

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). It begins by offering a brief overview of the patent system, then identifies and reviews the specific components of this legislation in greater detail. The report closes with further considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Fraud and "Economically Motivated Adulteration" of Food and Food Ingredients

Food Fraud and "Economically Motivated Adulteration" of Food and Food Ingredients

Date: January 10, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses food fraud, or the act of defrauding buyers of food and food ingredients for economic gain. It includes background information, an overview of available data and information repositories related to food fraud, federal activities involving food fraud, and Congressional actions involving food fraud.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Vessel General Permit: Background and Issues

EPA's Vessel General Permit: Background and Issues

Date: January 8, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report is an overview of the revised Vessel General Permit (VGP) from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and two key issues: inclusion of numeric performance standards to limit ballast water discharges from vessels, and controversies about the role of states in regulating vessel discharges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy-Water Nexus: The Water Sector's Energy Use

Energy-Water Nexus: The Water Sector's Energy Use

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report provides background on energy for facilities that treat and deliver water to end users and also dispose of and discharge wastewater. This report first discusses water-related energy use broadly and then energy for facilities that treat and deliver water to end users and also dispose of and discharge wastewater.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: A Glimpse at the Legal Background

National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: A Glimpse at the Legal Background

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the USA PATRIOT Act (107-56) and its expanded authority to issue national security letters (NSLs). A report by the Department of Justice's Inspector General (IG) found that in its pre-amendment use of expanded USA PATRIOT Act authority the FBI had "used NSLs in violation of applicable NSL statutes, Attorney General Guidelines, and internal FBI policies," but that no criminal laws had been broken.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees' Retirement System: Benefits and Financing

Federal Employees' Retirement System: Benefits and Financing

Date: December 20, 2013
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the retirement systems in place for federal employees. Most civilian federal employees who were hired before 1984 are covered by the Civil Service Retirement System, and contribute 7.0% of their pay to a retirement fund. Federal employees hired in 1984 or later are covered by the Federal Employees' Retirement System and contribute 0.8% of their pay to a retirement fund. Both require participants to contribute toward the cost of their pensions through a payroll tax. This report also summarizes relevant legislation in the 113th Congress that would make significant changes to federal benefits and financing, including H.J.Res. 59, S. 18, S. 1678, and H.R. 3639.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 113th Congress

Energy Tax Policy: Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: December 19, 2013
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report discusses the energy tax policy that may also be considered as part of comprehensive tax reform legislation in the 113th Congress. Also the report discusses a number of other energy tax incentives scheduled to expire at the end of 2013, including provisions to support building energy efficiency and renewable fuels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory framework, key players, infrastructure, resources, tools, and operations associated with enforcement and compliance of the major pollution control laws and regulations administered by EPA. It also outlines the roles of federal (including regional offices) and state regulators, as well as the regulated community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track?

EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track?

Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report provides background information on Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulatory activity during the Obama Administration to help address these issues. It examines major or controversial regulatory actions taken by or under development at EPA since January 2009, providing details on the regulatory action itself, presenting an estimated timeline for completion of the rule (including identification of related court or statutory deadlines), and, in general, providing EPA's estimates of costs and benefits, where available. The report includes tables that show which rules remain under development, and an appendix that describes major or controversial rules that are now final.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interim Agreement on Iran's Nuclear Program

Interim Agreement on Iran's Nuclear Program

Date: December 11, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses the recent development regarding the negotiations with Iran about its nuclear program. The report provides background information on Iranian nuclear program and debates the November 24 Joint Plan of Action Elements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department