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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Date: January 13, 2015
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report contains an overview of the Matching Grant Program for Law Enforcement Armor Vests (BPV program). It also provides a discussion of data on law enforcement agencies that require their officers to wear armor vests while on duty, research on why officers may choose to wear armor vests, research on the life cycle for armor vests, data on the use of body armor by law enforcement officers who were killed with a firearm, and research on the effectiveness of armor vests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

Date: January 9, 2015
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: The report discusses the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-Related Congressional Actions in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues

The President's Immigration Accountability Executive Action of November 20, 2014: Overview and Issues

Date: January 8, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A.; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Bruno, Andorra & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses President Obama's Immigration Accountability Executive Action which revises some U.S. immigration policies and initiates several programs, including a revised border security policy for the Southwest border.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Quality Issues in the 113th Congress: An Overview

Water Quality Issues in the 113th Congress: An Overview

Date: January 8, 2015
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the legislative and oversight issues regarding water quality, as well as wastewater treatment funding issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: Legislative Basis for U.S. Economic Sanctions

North Korea: Legislative Basis for U.S. Economic Sanctions

Date: January 6, 2015
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: This report discusses the economic sanctions the United States imposes on North Korea for activities related to weapons proliferation, destabilizing the region, anti-terrorism, and undemocratic governance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insurance Regulation: Issues, Background, and Legislation in the 113th Congress

Insurance Regulation: Issues, Background, and Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: January 2, 2015
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the legislation in the 113th Congress regarding insurance regulation. Among the insurance regulatory issues addressed by legislation in the 113th Congress are the application of federal orderly liquidation authority to insurers (addressed in H.R. 605); the supervision of some insurers by the Federal Reserve (addressed in H.R. 2140, H.R. 4510, H.R. 5461, S. 2102, and S. 2270); and the licensing of insurance agents and brokers (addressed in S. 534, S. 1926, S. 2244, H.R. 1155/H.R. 1064, and H.R. 4871).
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State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: Historical Precedents and Pending Litigation

State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: Historical Precedents and Pending Litigation

Date: December 31, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides an overview of prior and pending challenges by states to federal officials' alleged failure to enforce the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) or other provisions of immigration law. It begins by discussing the lawsuits filed by six states in the mid-1990s; Arizona's counterclaims to the federal government's suit to enjoin enforcement of S.B. 1070; and Mississippi's challenge to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) initiative. It then describes the challenge brought by over 20 states in 2014 to the recently announced expansion of DACA and the creation of a similar program for unlawfully present aliens whose children are U.S. citizens or lawful permanent resident aliens (LPRs). The report concludes by exploring how the pending litigation resembles, and differs from, the prior litigation.
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U.S. Crude Oil Export Policy: Background and Considerations

U.S. Crude Oil Export Policy: Background and Considerations

Date: December 31, 2014
Creator: Brown, Phillip; Pirog, Robert; Vann, Adam; Fergusson, Ian F.; Ratner, Michael & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: The crude oil export policy debate has multiple dimensions and complexities. As U.S. light tight oil (LTO) production has increased--along with additional oil supply from Canada--certain challenges have emerged that affect some oil producers and refiners. While the economic arguments both for and against U.S. crude oil exports are quite complex and dynamic, there are some fundamental concepts and issues that may be worth considering during debate about exporting U.S. crude oil. This report provides background and context about the crude oil legal and regulatory framework, discusses motivations that underlie the desire to export U.S. crude oil, and presents analysis of issues that Congress may choose to consider during debate about U.S. crude oil export policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: The United States has led the international community in imposing economic sanctions on Iran, in an effort to change the government of that country's support of acts of international terrorism, poor human rights record, weapons and missile development and acquisition, role in regional instability, and development of a nuclear program. This report identifies the legislative bases for sanctions imposed on Iran, and the nature of the authority to waive or lift those restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Date: December 24, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report presents policy and oversight issues for Congress arising from maritime territorial disputes involving China in the South China Sea (SCS), East China Sea (ECS), and an additional dispute over whether China has a right under international law to regulate U.S. and other foreign military activities in its maritime Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department