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 Decade: 1980-1989
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
How the Food Stamp Program Works

How the Food Stamp Program Works

Date: October 7, 1982
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report briefly describes the present operation of the Food Stamp program, reflecting legislative revisions through 1982.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Date: February 1, 1986
Creator: Schick, Allen
Description: The report explains briefly the major features of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), commonly referred to as the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act. Following a short overview of the deficit reduction process, the report outlines the deficit control timetable for each of fiscal years 1987-1991, and the accelerated timetable for fiscal year 1986, describes the procedures for eliminating excess deficits, discusses how to compute the required spending reductions, and summarizes the sequestration of funds for fiscal year 1986. The report also identifies the programs exempted from emergency deficit reduction procedures and those that have special rules for making reductions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act

Reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act

Date: April 12, 1982
Creator: Jolly, William C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Date: June 23, 1980
Creator: Zaritsky, Howard
Description: This report examines various legal issues raised by Federal and State laws restricting foreign ownership in U. S. property. The report examines the constitutional barriers to Federal and State laws restricting such ownership, and the possible constitutional predicates for Federal legislation regulating foreign ownership of property in the united States. The impact of treaties to which the United States is a party on both Federal and State restrictions on the rights of foreign persons to own U.S. property is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Political Broadcasts - Regulate or Deregulate?

Political Broadcasts - Regulate or Deregulate?

Date: March 2, 1984
Creator: Yadlosky, Elizabeth & Espenshade, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Artificial Sweeteners

Artificial Sweeteners

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Taylor, Sarah E
Description: This report discusses the artificial sweeteners have been a source of controversy in the U.S. for over 73 years. One of the factors driving these issues has been an interplay of a large consumer demand for low calorie sweeteners and controversy concerning certain safety standards set forth in the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control

Drug Control

Date: September 30, 1988
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: How to prevent the non-medical use of dependency-producing drugs has been a public policy concern for at least a century. A large part of the responsibility for controlling such substances has been assumed by the Federal Government. Historically based on decision to restrict availability through a system of close regulation, including selective prohibition, the current Federal anti-drugs strategy lives on activities and programs in five major areas: 1) regulation and other “enforcement” efforts; 2) support for international control and for control efforts of individual drug-producing and drug-transiting countries; 3) education and other prevention activities; 4 ) treatment and rehabilitation for drug-dependent persons; and ( 5 ) research on drugs , drug dependency, and prevention and treatment methods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Date: July 8, 1982
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: The proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was first introduced in 1923, and was passed by the Congress in 1972. In 1978, Congress extended the original deadline for ratification of the ERA. Thus, if it receives approval in the form of ratification by 38 States before June 30, 1982, the measure will become the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, and will require equal treatment under Federal and State laws and practices for all persons, regardless of sex.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Date: November 23, 1983
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: This report discusses how best to coordinate the Federal government's multi-agency efforts to curb illicit traffic in dangerous drugs has once again become an issue of major interest to the Congress. Critics of the Reagan Administration's anti-drug program contend that it lacks an overall strategy and that it suffers from the absence of a central mechanism for the formulation of general policy as well as for the broad direction of operations
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs

Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs

Date: January 20, 1984
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: Suppression of illicit traffic is only one aspect of the general Federal Government effort to prevent the abuse of narcotics and other dangerous drug;, but in political significance it is undoubtedly paramount. Various approaches to the problem have been suggested and tried since the first explicitly anti-opium law was enacted in 1887.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensation for Crime Victims

Compensation for Crime Victims

Date: April 27, 1984
Creator: Cavanagh, M. Suzanne
Description: This report discusses the growing interest in recent years in providing compensation for the innocent victims of violent crime through programs financed by the Federal and/or State Governments. At issue have been the general propriety, desirability, and feasibility, as well as the cost, of Federal support of such programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982

Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982

Date: January 12, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term

Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term

Date: December 14, 1983
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sanctions Against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress

Sanctions Against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress

Date: February 13, 1987
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed Equal Rights Amendment

The Proposed Equal Rights Amendment

Date: March 25, 1982
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prohibiting Discrimination Against Handicapped Individuals in Federally Aided Programs: Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, As Amended

Prohibiting Discrimination Against Handicapped Individuals in Federally Aided Programs: Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, As Amended

Date: July 16, 1981
Creator: Smith, Mary F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sport Hunting in Alaska

Sport Hunting in Alaska

Date: May 1, 1984
Creator: Backiel, Adela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bank Failures: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Bank Failures: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Date: July 14, 1987
Creator: Smale, Pauline
Description: During the 1980s the U.S. banking industry has experienced a rapidly growing number of failures. Many factors have contributed to this trend including deregulation, technology, individual bank management, and economic conditions. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) handles insured bank failures. Congress has been monitoring the recent trend and is concerned with the FDIC’s ability to continue to perform its supervisory and insurance operations. The present situation, information on key factors affecting the banking industry, and the FDIC’s role when a bank fails is discussed in this report. The reference section of this issue brief contains a list of CRS products providing background on the FDIC and legislative issues relevant to the agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Date: October 17, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This notice from the Department of Transportation, denies a petition for rule-making filed by Physicians for Automotive Safety (PAS), asking this agency to mandate the installation of seat belts on all school buses. NHTSA believes that the currently mandated occupant protections in school buses provide an adequate level of safety protection, and that seat belts would not raise the level of protection for the occupants unless States and local jurisdictions were willing to take steps to ensure that the seat belts were actually used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Conventions: Political and Legal Questions

Constitutional Conventions: Political and Legal Questions

Date: July 8, 1985
Creator: Huckabee, David C & McCoy, Meredith
Description: This report discusses the applications that have been passed by 32 of the necessary 34 State legislatures to convene a convention to propose an amendment prohibiting abortion. Because this process for amending the Constitution has never been used, several unresolved legal and policy questions arise governing the convening and the authority of such a convention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drunk Driving and Raising the Drinking Age

Drunk Driving and Raising the Drinking Age

Date: June 1, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This brief report is prepared in response to numerous requests for information on the related issues of drunk driving and raising the drinking age.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drunk Driving and the National Driver Register

Drunk Driving and the National Driver Register

Date: August 5, 1985
Creator: Segal, Migdon
Description: At the 0.08 BAC level of alcohol, braking, steering, lane changing, and judgment are degraded and the driving performance of virtually all drivers is substantially impaired. During the debate on reauthorization of the federal surface transportation programs, an amendment that would require each state either to enact a 0.08 BAC law or face the loss of a portion of its Federal Highway Trust Fund monies passed the Senate and will likely be considered in the House. This proposal raises questions about the effectiveness and impacts of a 0.08 BAC law, the rights of states versus the federal government, and alternative ways to encourage the states to adopt stronger impaired driving countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department