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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 2541 - 2564 of 3,526
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Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft

Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft

Date: February 7, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: February 7, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Streamlining Provisions in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century: Status of Implementation

Environmental Streamlining Provisions in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century: Status of Implementation

Date: February 6, 2003
Creator: Bearden, David M & Luther, Linda G
Description: This report describes the environmental documents required for highway projects, discusses the average amount of time to complete this documentation, summarizes the environmental streamlining provisions under TEA-21, and examines administrative and legislative actions taken to implement these requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War on Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

War on Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

Date: February 6, 2003
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues

The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues

Date: February 5, 2003
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: This report discusses the funding authorizations for programs in the Higher Education Act (HEA). This legislation authorizes the federal government’s major student aid programs, as well as other significant initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Products Liability: A Legal Overview

Products Liability: A Legal Overview

Date: February 5, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Immigration Issues in the 108th Congress

Border Security: Immigration Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: February 4, 2003
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M.
Description: This report provides background information on the main immigration-related border security issues that have been raised as a result of the terrorist attacks and resulting concern for homeland security. It describes enacted legislation in the 107th Congress as well as in previous Congresses that focus on immigration-related border security issues. The report also poses possible immigration-related border security issues the 108th Congress may consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 107th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: February 4, 2003
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: In the 107th Congress, the most prominent air quality issue has been whether state and federal regulations designed to protect air quality are having a negative impact on energy production, and, if so, whether legislation should be enacted to reform such regulations. The early discussion focused primarily on California, but with the release of the Administration’s energy policy recommendations in May 2001 and subsequent congressional action, attention shifted to issues more national in scope.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: February 4, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Commodity Futures Modernization Act (P.L. 106-554)

The Commodity Futures Modernization Act (P.L. 106-554)

Date: February 3, 2003
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: The Commodity Futures Modernization Act of 2000 (CFMA) enacted the most sweeping amendments to derivatives law since the creation of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) in 1974. Provisions included major changes in the Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) regarding the regulation of exchange-traded futures contracts, over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives, and “security futures,” contracts based on individual stocks (which were previously prohibited).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2003

Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2003

Date: February 3, 2003
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) administers five environmental programs in response to various requirements under federal environmental laws. These programs include environmental cleanup, environmental compliance, pollution prevention, environmental technology, and conservation. Additionally, the Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for managing defense nuclear waste and cleaning up contaminated nuclear weapons sites. The Administration requested a total of $11.17 billion for these programs in FY2003, about $390 million more than the FY2002 funding level of $10.78 billion. Some of the ongoing issues associated with these programs are the adequacy, cost, and pace of cleanup, whether DOD and DOE adequately comply with environmental laws and regulations, and the extent to which environmental requirements encroach upon military readiness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Energy Efficiency: Budget, Oil Conservation, and Electricity Conservation Issues

Date: February 3, 2003
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: Energy security, a major driver of federal energy efficiency programs in the past, came back into play as oil and gas prices rose late in the year 2000. The terrorist attack in 2001 and the Iraq war have led to heightened concern for energy security and raised further concerns about the vulnerability of energy infrastructure and the need for alternative fuels. Further, the 2001 power shortages in California, the 2003 northeast-midwest power blackout, and continuing high natural gas prices have brought a renewed emphasis on energy efficiency and energy conservation to dampen electricity, oil, and natural gas demand.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India and Pakistan: U.S. Economic Sanctions

India and Pakistan: U.S. Economic Sanctions

Date: February 3, 2003
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: Falling agricultural exports and declining commodity prices led farm groups and agribusiness firms to urge the 106th Congress to pass legislation exempting foods and agricultural commodities from U.S. economic sanctions against certain countries. In completing action on the FY2001 agriculture appropriations bill, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to apply to Cuba (Title IX of H.R. 5426, as enacted by P.L. 106-387; Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000). Related provisions place financing and licensing conditions on sales to these countries. Those that apply to Cuba, though, are permanent and more restrictive than for the other countries. Other provisions give Congress the authority in the future to veto a President's proposal to impose a sanction on the sale of agricultural or medical products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Judicial Salary-Setting Policy

Judicial Salary-Setting Policy

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Gressle, Sharon S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money

Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: Soft money is a major issue in the campaign finance reform debate because such funds are generally unregulated and perceived as resulting from a loophole in the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). More specifically, soft money is considered to be funds that are raised and spent according to applicable state laws, which FECA prohibits from being spent directly on federal elections, but that may have an indirect influence on federal elections. This Issue Brief discusses three major types of soft money: political party soft money, corporate and labor union soft money, and soft money used for issue advocacy communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Legislation in the 107th Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Weapons Threat, Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy

Iraq: Weapons Threat, Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marriage Tax Penalty Relief Provisions of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Marriage Tax Penalty Relief Provisions of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background and Issues

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Agriculture: Issues in the 107th Congress

Animal Agriculture: Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: A variety of animal agriculture issues, including prices, the impact of consolidation in the meat production/packing industry, trade, and the environmental impacts of large feedlots, continue to generate interest in Congress. This issue brief discusses these issues, as well as the 2002 farm bill, which contains several provisions affecting animal agriculture, including protections for contract growers, disaster assistance, country-of-origin labeling, and increased funding for conservation purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies

Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: January 28, 2003
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: Clean air issues were discussed at length in the 107th Congress, but legislation was not enacted, leaving the same issues for possible consideration in the 108th. The most prominent air quality issues discussed in this report are; the controversy over EPA’s proposed changes to the New Source Review (NSR) requirements, Clear Skies / Multi-Pollutant Legislation, gasoline additive MTBE, Conformity of Transportation Plans and SIPs Deadlines for Achieving the Ozone Air Quality Standard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department