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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides government-wide, multi-agency, and individual agency analyses of the President's FY2014 request as it relates to R&D and related activities. The President's budget seeks $142.773 billion for R&D in FY2014, a 1.3% increase (0.7% CAGR) over the actual FY2012 R&D funding level of $140.912 billion. Adjusted for inflation, the President's FY2014 R&D request represents a decrease of 2.6% from the FY2012 level (1.3% CAGR).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Date: December 5, 2013
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report summarizes budgetary decisions relating to research and development funding for FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track?

EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track?

Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report provides background information on Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulatory activity during the Obama Administration to help address these issues. It examines major or controversial regulatory actions taken by or under development at EPA since January 2009, providing details on the regulatory action itself, presenting an estimated timeline for completion of the rule (including identification of related court or statutory deadlines), and, in general, providing EPA's estimates of costs and benefits, where available. The report includes tables that show which rules remain under development, and an appendix that describes major or controversial rules that are now final.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions

Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions

Date: December 2, 2013
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the release of Burma's political prisoners and the role that plays in U.S. policy and Burma's political future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues

Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues

Date: November 29, 2013
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy in the United States that is focused on three major goals: assuring a secure supply of energy, keeping energy costs low, and protecting the environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

Date: November 18, 2013
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: The report discusses the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-Related Congressional Actions in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Date: November 27, 2013
Creator: Copeland, Claudia; Mallett, William J. & Maguire, Steven
Description: This report addresses several options being considered by Congress to address the financing needs of local communities for wastewater and drinking water infrastructure projects and to decrease or close the gap between available funds and projected needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2014 Appropriations

Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2014 Appropriations

Date: November 4, 2013
Creator: James, Nathan; Williams, Jennifer D. & Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report will track and describe actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2014 appropriations for Commerce, Justice, and Science (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2013 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as a part of the annual appropriation for CJS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Law and Agreements: Their Effect upon U.S. Law

International Law and Agreements: Their Effect upon U.S. Law

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report provides an introduction to the roles that international law and agreements play in the United States. The report discusses forms of international agreements and the effects of international agreements on U.S. law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Vessel General Permit: Background and Issues

EPA's Vessel General Permit: Background and Issues

Date: January 8, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report is an overview of the revised Vessel General Permit (VGP) from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and two key issues: inclusion of numeric performance standards to limit ballast water discharges from vessels, and controversies about the role of states in regulating vessel discharges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and Pollutant Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

Clean Water Act and Pollutant Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

Date: January 17, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the total maximum daily load (TMDL) program which regulates pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained; section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. The report focuses on new challenges facing the TMDL program, including more complex TMDLs, larger scale impairments, and nonpoint sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the specific requirements of which must be met in order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states. The AEA also provides for exemptions to these requirements, export control licensing procedures, and criteria for terminating cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Date: February 4, 2014
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: This report identifies the legislative bases for sanctions imposed on Iran, and the nature of the authority to waive or lift those restrictions. It comprises two tables that present legislation and executive orders that are specific to Iran and its objectionable activities in the areas of terrorism, human rights, and weapons proliferation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonimmigrant Overstays: Brief Synthesis of the Issue

Nonimmigrant Overstays: Brief Synthesis of the Issue

Date: January 22, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses a fundamental problem of immigration control in which foreign nationals enter legally on a temporary basis and continue to stay after their visas expire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act: Innovation Issues

The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act: Innovation Issues

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). It begins by offering a brief overview of the patent system, then identifies and reviews the specific components of this legislation in greater detail. The report closes with further considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Controversies over Redefining "Fill Material" Under the Clean Water Act

Controversies over Redefining "Fill Material" Under the Clean Water Act

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the 2002 rule (the Clean Water Act), focusing on how it changes which material and types of activities are regulated under Section 404 and the significance of these issues, especially for the mining industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Follow-On Biologics: The Law and Intellectual Property Issues

Follow-On Biologics: The Law and Intellectual Property Issues

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report reviews the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009 (BPCIA), within the context of intellectual property and innovation issues. It provides an introduction to the biologics industry, introduces the regulatory and intellectual property provisions of the BPCIA, considers the potential market for biosimilars and possible industry responses that may arise in the wake of this legislation, and closes with concluding observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides examples, based on a wide range of open source reporting, of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: January 31, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the recent development regarding the negotiations with Iran about its nuclear program. It provides background information on Iranian nuclear program and debates the November 24 Joint Plan of Action Elements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Fraud and "Economically Motivated Adulteration" of Food and Food Ingredients

Food Fraud and "Economically Motivated Adulteration" of Food and Food Ingredients

Date: January 10, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses food fraud, or the act of defrauding buyers of food and food ingredients for economic gain. It includes background information, an overview of available data and information repositories related to food fraud, federal activities involving food fraud, and Congressional actions involving food fraud.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Social Security Number: Legal Developments Affecting Its Collection, Disclosure, and Confidentiality

The Social Security Number: Legal Developments Affecting Its Collection, Disclosure, and Confidentiality

Date: February 4, 2014
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Lanza, Emily M.
Description: This report provides a comprehensive list of federal developments affecting use of the social security number, from 1935 to the present. This list includes federal statutes regulating the collection and disclosure of SSNs, as well as specific authorizations for the use of SSNs, confidentiality provisions, and criminal provisions relating to SSN misuse.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization

Date: June 14, 2013
Creator: Brown, Jared T. & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report examines some of the history of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA), focusing primarily on its creation and most recent legislative reauthorization. It also discusses the foremost active authorities of the DPA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Date: February 5, 2014
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report summarizes the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its major programs and regulatory requirements. This report includes the drinking water security provisions added to the SDWA by the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-188), and lead reduction provisions as amended by P.L. 111-380. It also outlines amendments made in December 2013 by P.L. 113-64 (H.R. 3588) to explicitly exempt fire hydrants from coverage under the act's lead plumbing restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 14, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides an overview of Arctic-related issues for Congress and refers readers to more in-depth CRS reports on specific relevant topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department