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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 2451 - 2474 of 3,526
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Steel: Legislative and Oversight Issues

Steel: Legislative and Oversight Issues

Date: April 2, 2003
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: The purpose of this report is to present a number of generally less broad legislative proposals related to child welfare financing have been introduced in the 108th Congress. Additional child welfare-related proposals designed to improve services, promote timely placement of children across state lines, and for other purposes, are described in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Export Administration Act: Evolution, Provisions, and Debate

The Export Administration Act: Evolution, Provisions, and Debate

Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F
Description: This paper discusses the Export Administration Act in terms of its evolution in the 20th century, its major features including the types of controls authorized by the act, the Commerce Control List and export licensing procedures, and issues concerning the maintenance of export controls under IEEPA. It then highlights several controlled commodities that have been featured prominently in export control discussions. Finally, it discusses competing business and national security perspectives concerning several of more contentious themes in the export control debate: the controllability of technology, the effectiveness of multilateral control regimes, the organization of the export control system, and the impact of export controls on the U.S. economy and business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Quality: Implementing the Clean Water Act

Water Quality: Implementing the Clean Water Act

Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Pornography Produced Without an Actual Child: Constitutionality of 108th Congress Legislation

Child Pornography Produced Without an Actual Child: Constitutionality of 108th Congress Legislation

Date: March 31, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report analyzes the First Amendment issues raised by S. 151, 108th Congress, in the versions passed by the Senate and the House. The Senate passed the version reported by the Senate Committee on the Judiciary (S.Rept. 108-2). The House version began as H.R. 1161, which, except for its section 10, was adopted as an amendment (Title V) to H.R. 1104, which the House passed as S. 151, the Child Abduction Prevention Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion: Legislative Response

Abortion: Legislative Response

Date: March 28, 2003
Creator: Lewis, Karen J.; Shimabukuro, Jon O. & Ely, Dana
Description: The primary focus of this issue brief is legislative action in the 108th Congress with respect to abortion. However, discussion of those legislative proposals necessarily involves a brief discussion of the leading U.S. Supreme Court decisions concerning a woman’s right to choose whether to terminate her pregnancy. For a more detailed discussion of the relevant case law, see CRS Report 95-724, Abortion Law Development: A Brief Overview.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: March 28, 2003
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: Clean air issues were discussed at length in the 107th Congress, but legislation was not enacted, leaving the same issues for possible consideration in the 108th. The most prominent air quality issues discussed in this report are; the controversy over EPA’s proposed changes to the New Source Review (NSR) requirements, Clear Skies / Multi-Pollutant Legislation, gasoline additive MTBE, Conformity of Transportation Plans and SIPs Deadlines for Achieving the Ozone Air Quality Standard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Weapons Programs, Compliance, and U.S. Policy

Iraq: Weapons Programs, Compliance, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 26, 2003
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action

K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action

Date: March 26, 2003
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arming Pilots Against Terrorism: Implementation Issues for the Federal Flight Deck Officer Program

Arming Pilots Against Terrorism: Implementation Issues for the Federal Flight Deck Officer Program

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Elias, Bartholomew
Description: The report discusses the issues regarding the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135), which contains provisions to arm pilots of passenger aircraft and gives deputized pilots the authority to use force, including lethal force, to defend the flight deck against criminal and terrorist threats. The report includes the legislative Background, implementation issues, equipment, training, operational procedures and costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress

Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: The Superfund program for cleaning up the nation’s worst hazardous waste sites was created by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, or CERCLA (P.L. 96-510, as amended). This report discusses recent development and background issues, superfund issues, revenue issues, comprehensive reauthorization, and legislation regarding superfund program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The entry into force, on January 1, 1994, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has eliminated the advantage that the beneficiaries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) and related provisions of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) had enjoyed in trade with the United States relative to Mexico, and gave Mexico an increasingly significant competitive edge over the CBERA countries. The scheduled further implementation of the NAFTA would have resulted in a substantial advantage to Mexico over the CBERA countries and vitiate in part the purpose of the CBERA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Judicial Salary-Setting Policy

Judicial Salary-Setting Policy

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Gressle, Sharon S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential and Vice Presidential Succession: Overview and Current Legislation

Presidential and Vice Presidential Succession: Overview and Current Legislation

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bankruptcy Reform in the 108th Congress

Bankruptcy Reform in the 108th Congress

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: On March 19, 2003, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 975, the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2003. H.R. 975, as introduced, was substantially similar to the legislation (H.R. 333) approved by both the House and the Senate during the 107th Congress, but omitted the Schumer Amendment which would have prevented the discharge of liability for willful violation of protective orders and violent protests against providers of “lawful services,” including reproductive health services. As passed by the House, H.R. 975 was amended to add sections to, among other things, increase the cap on wage and employee benefit claims. The Senate did not consider H.R. 975 during the first session of the 108th Congress. This report provides an overview of selected major provisions of the legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines judicial case law which has considered the doctrine of fair use in relation to the First Amendment, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and as a means of protecting private, noncommercial use of digital music and film by consumers. It concludes that when the potential to infringe is great, as it almost always will be in a digital environment, the courts have not been willing to expand fair use to encompass subsidiary uses such as time shifting, space shifting, or personal noncommercial use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Malpractice Liability Reform: Legal Issues and Fifty-State Survey of Caps on Punitive Damages and Noneconomic Damages

Medical Malpractice Liability Reform: Legal Issues and Fifty-State Survey of Caps on Punitive Damages and Noneconomic Damages

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Date: March 21, 2003
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of

Identity Theft and the Fair Credit Reporting Act: An Analysis of

Date: March 21, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy: Total Information Awareness Programs and Related Information Access, Collection, and Protection Laws

Privacy: Total Information Awareness Programs and Related Information Access, Collection, and Protection Laws

Date: March 21, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft

Remedies Available to Victims of Identity Theft

Date: March 21, 2003
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department