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 Decade: 1980-1989
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Enterprise Zones

Enterprise Zones

Date: April 30, 1982
Creator: Breckenridge, Charlotte
Description: The enclosed material discusses the concept of urban enterprise zones, outlines the administration's proposals for the zones, and includes the major arguments for and against their creation. Because of considerable congressional interest in the enterprise zone concept, we have included a comparison of the major bills relating to enterprise zones introduced in the 97th Congress along with a bibliography for those who desire to research the subject in greater detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Date: October 21, 1983
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: The Reagan Administration announced its major crime Control proposals in 1981, shortly after the final report from the Attorney General's Task Force on Violent Crimes, and reiterated support for significant changes in Crime control legislation in 1983. Congressional initiatives and modifications of those proposals continue interest and controversy in crime control matters in the 98th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Black and Hispanic Federal Judges: 1900 to Present

Black and Hispanic Federal Judges: 1900 to Present

Date: August 9, 1983
Creator: Bailey, Dorothy J
Description: This report shows that in recent years, attention has increasingly focused upon the minority composition of the Federal judiciary, in apparent response to concerns that judges appointed to the Federal bench should more compositely reflect the U.S. population they serve. Two of the larger U.S. subpopulations served by the Federal judiciary are blacks and Hispanics. Accordingly, this mini brief lists chronologically and cumulatively the appointments of blacks and Hispanics to the Federal bench, which includes the U.S.Supreme Court, Circuit Courts of Appeals, and District courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Synopses of Reported Decisions of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in which Judge Robert Heron Bork Authorized a Signed Opinion or Other Statement: 1982-1987

Synopses of Reported Decisions of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in which Judge Robert Heron Bork Authorized a Signed Opinion or Other Statement: 1982-1987

Date: August 13, 1987
Creator: Morgan, Paul L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Martial Law in Poland

Martial Law in Poland

Date: January 21, 1983
Creator: Goldman, Stuart D & Engel, Victoria L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform Effects

Tax Reform Effects

Date: May 13, 1987
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 As Amended by P.L. 97-35, The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 As Amended by P.L. 97-35, The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981

Date: August 25, 1981
Creator: Smith, Mary F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Debt Ceiling: Its Current Status

Public Debt Ceiling: Its Current Status

Date: May 31, 1984
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals for Revision of the Communications Act of 1934: Telecommunications Issues

Proposals for Revision of the Communications Act of 1934: Telecommunications Issues

Date: November 19, 1982
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Date: March 1, 1983
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: Congress passed legislation late in 1982 that is expected to have a significant effect on the annual net earnings of independent truckers. About 90 percent of fresh produce, most used household goods, and from one-third to one-half of all fabricated steel and other commodities transported by truck are hauled by independent truckers. The legislation raised the Federal fuel tax by 5 cents per gallon and significantly raised a highway use tax that is based on the weight of the vehicle. The legislation also allowed truckers to use two trailers, longer and wider vehicles, and carry heavier loads. This CRS report discusses these 1982 changes in Federal legislation. It also contains an estimate of the upper and lower bound of the impact that these changes could have on the annual net earnings of independent truckers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How the Food Stamp Program Works

How the Food Stamp Program Works

Date: October 7, 1982
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report briefly describes the present operation of the Food Stamp program, reflecting legislative revisions through 1982.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Date: February 1, 1986
Creator: Schick, Allen
Description: The report explains briefly the major features of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), commonly referred to as the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act. Following a short overview of the deficit reduction process, the report outlines the deficit control timetable for each of fiscal years 1987-1991, and the accelerated timetable for fiscal year 1986, describes the procedures for eliminating excess deficits, discusses how to compute the required spending reductions, and summarizes the sequestration of funds for fiscal year 1986. The report also identifies the programs exempted from emergency deficit reduction procedures and those that have special rules for making reductions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act

Reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act

Date: April 12, 1982
Creator: Jolly, William C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Date: June 23, 1980
Creator: Zaritsky, Howard
Description: This report examines various legal issues raised by Federal and State laws restricting foreign ownership in U. S. property. The report examines the constitutional barriers to Federal and State laws restricting such ownership, and the possible constitutional predicates for Federal legislation regulating foreign ownership of property in the united States. The impact of treaties to which the United States is a party on both Federal and State restrictions on the rights of foreign persons to own U.S. property is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Political Broadcasts - Regulate or Deregulate?

Political Broadcasts - Regulate or Deregulate?

Date: March 2, 1984
Creator: Yadlosky, Elizabeth & Espenshade, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Artificial Sweeteners

Artificial Sweeteners

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Taylor, Sarah E
Description: This report discusses the artificial sweeteners have been a source of controversy in the U.S. for over 73 years. One of the factors driving these issues has been an interplay of a large consumer demand for low calorie sweeteners and controversy concerning certain safety standards set forth in the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control

Drug Control

Date: September 30, 1988
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: How to prevent the non-medical use of dependency-producing drugs has been a public policy concern for at least a century. A large part of the responsibility for controlling such substances has been assumed by the Federal Government. Historically based on decision to restrict availability through a system of close regulation, including selective prohibition, the current Federal anti-drugs strategy lives on activities and programs in five major areas: 1) regulation and other “enforcement” efforts; 2) support for international control and for control efforts of individual drug-producing and drug-transiting countries; 3) education and other prevention activities; 4 ) treatment and rehabilitation for drug-dependent persons; and ( 5 ) research on drugs , drug dependency, and prevention and treatment methods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Date: July 8, 1982
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: The proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was first introduced in 1923, and was passed by the Congress in 1972. In 1978, Congress extended the original deadline for ratification of the ERA. Thus, if it receives approval in the form of ratification by 38 States before June 30, 1982, the measure will become the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, and will require equal treatment under Federal and State laws and practices for all persons, regardless of sex.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Date: November 23, 1983
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: This report discusses how best to coordinate the Federal government's multi-agency efforts to curb illicit traffic in dangerous drugs has once again become an issue of major interest to the Congress. Critics of the Reagan Administration's anti-drug program contend that it lacks an overall strategy and that it suffers from the absence of a central mechanism for the formulation of general policy as well as for the broad direction of operations
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs

Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs

Date: January 20, 1984
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: Suppression of illicit traffic is only one aspect of the general Federal Government effort to prevent the abuse of narcotics and other dangerous drug;, but in political significance it is undoubtedly paramount. Various approaches to the problem have been suggested and tried since the first explicitly anti-opium law was enacted in 1887.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensation for Crime Victims

Compensation for Crime Victims

Date: April 27, 1984
Creator: Cavanagh, M. Suzanne
Description: This report discusses the growing interest in recent years in providing compensation for the innocent victims of violent crime through programs financed by the Federal and/or State Governments. At issue have been the general propriety, desirability, and feasibility, as well as the cost, of Federal support of such programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982

Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982

Date: January 12, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department