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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Campaign Financing: Highlights and Chronology of Current Federal Law

Campaign Financing: Highlights and Chronology of Current Federal Law

Date: December 8, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: Current law governing financial activity of campaigns for federal office is based on two principal statutes: the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) of 1971, as amended in 1974, 1976, and 1979, and the Revenue Act of 1971. These laws were enacted to remedy widely perceived shortcomings of existing law, the Corrupt Practices Act of 1925, and in response to reports of campaign finance abuses over the years, culminating in the 1972-1974 Watergate scandal. This report provides a summary of major provisions of federal law and a chronology of key legislative and judicial actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Generalized System of Preferences

Generalized System of Preferences

Date: August 20, 1997
Creator: Holliday, George D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act: Hardship Relief and Long-Term Illegal Aliens

The Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act: Hardship Relief and Long-Term Illegal Aliens

Date: July 15, 1998
Creator: Eig, Larry M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Date: October 23, 1997
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Passenger Service Act, Domestic Ocean Passenger Services, and the 106th Congress

The Passenger Service Act, Domestic Ocean Passenger Services, and the 106th Congress

Date: January 15, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Voter Eligibility Verification Pilot Program

Voter Eligibility Verification Pilot Program

Date: March 20, 1998
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: November 24, 1997
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: President Clinton signed the Adoption and Safe Families Act into law on November 19, 1997, after the House and Senate approved final versions of the legislation on November 13. The new law (P.L. 105-89) is intended to promote adoption or other permanent arrangements for foster children who are unable to return home, and to make general improvements in the nation’s child welfare system. The House initially passed legislation (H.R. 867) on April 30 by a vote of 416-5, and the Senate passed an amended version on November 8. A compromise version was passed on November 13, by a vote of 406-7 in the House and by unanimous consent in the Senate. This report discusses the final version of the legislation, as enacted into law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Reform: Overview and Comparison of S. 507 and H.R. 400

Patent Reform: Overview and Comparison of S. 507 and H.R. 400

Date: August 4, 1998
Creator: Schrader, Dorothy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Code Termination Act: A Fact Sheet

Tax Code Termination Act: A Fact Sheet

Date: August 12, 1998
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advertising Law: An Overview

Federal Advertising Law: An Overview

Date: February 9, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report provides a brief overview of federal law with respect to five selected advertising issues: alcohol advertising, tobacco advertising, the Federal Trade Commission Act, advertising by mail, and advertising by telephone. There are numerous federal statutes regulating advertising that do not fit within any of these categories; as random examples, the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires disclosures in advertisements for prescription drugs ; the Truth in Lending Act governs the advertising of consumer credit ; and a federal criminal statute makes it illegal falsely to convey in an advertisement that a business is connected with a federal agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Fundamentals

Immigration Fundamentals

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Vialet, Joyce
Description: This report describes the fundamentals of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), which was enacted in 1952 and significantly amended since, most recently by the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Financing

Campaign Financing

Date: October 16, 1998
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Description: Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system. This report discusses the debate regarding campaign finance regulation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
California Air Quality FIP - A Fact Sheet

California Air Quality FIP - A Fact Sheet

Date: April 13, 1995
Creator: Mayer, Susan L
Description: On April 10, 1995, President Clinton signed P.L. 104-6, which contained a provision that rescinds the Federal air quality implementation plan (FIP) for the South Coast, Ventura, and Sacramento areas of California.(1) As a result, the FIP issued by EPA has no further force and effect, and California will continue pursuing approval of its own State implementation plan (SIP) in lieu of the FIP. Promulgation of the FIP was perceived by some within the State as having a detrimental effect on California's industries and economy resulting from costly and burdensome air pollution control measures contained in the plan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Date: June 3, 1996
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is the product of legislative efforts stretching back well over a decade and stimulated to passage in part by the tragedies in Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. This report summarizes the six titles of the Act, its sources, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Securities Litigation Reform: Unfinished Business?

Securities Litigation Reform: Unfinished Business?

Date: July 14, 1998
Creator: Shorter, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 1995 Farm Bill: Research, Education, and Extension Issues

The 1995 Farm Bill: Research, Education, and Extension Issues

Date: November 30, 1996
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The House Agriculture Committee has proposed extending Title XVI of the 1990 farm act (P.L. 101-624) for two years. Currently, the title will expire at the end of 1995. The title includes funding authority for the U.s. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) in-house research programs, as well as federal support for cooperative research, higher education, extension programs in the States, and several research grant programs. This report discusses efforts underway to extend this title and reform future legislation. It also outlines federal spending in these areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia's Religion Law: Assessments and Implications

Russia's Religion Law: Assessments and Implications

Date: May 29, 1998
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxpayer Protections in the IRS Restructuring Bill: Attorneys' Fees and Damages for IRS Abuses

Taxpayer Protections in the IRS Restructuring Bill: Attorneys' Fees and Damages for IRS Abuses

Date: June 15, 1998
Creator: Morris, Marie B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Habitat Modification and the Endangered Species Act: The Sweet Home Decision

Habitat Modification and the Endangered Species Act: The Sweet Home Decision

Date: July 6, 1995
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the Endangered Species Act, the regulation of the Fish and Wildlife Service defining "harm" for purposes of the "take" prohibitions of the Endangered Species Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Reform Bills in the 105th Congress: Comparison of H.R. 3581 (Thomas), H.R. 3526 (Shays-Meehan), and Current Law

Campaign Finance Reform Bills in the 105th Congress: Comparison of H.R. 3581 (Thomas), H.R. 3526 (Shays-Meehan), and Current Law

Date: April 13, 1998
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: On March 30, 1998, the House considered four campaign reform bills under a suspension of rules, focusing on the comprehensive H.R. 3581, offered that day for the Republican leadership by Mr. Thomas; it failed passage on a 74-337 vote. (The bill was similar to H.R. 3485, also by Mr. Thomas, reported by the House Oversight Committee March 18.1) The bill generating the most publicity in the 105th Congress has been S. 25 (McCain-Feingold),2 introduced on March 19 as H.R. 3526 by Messrs. Shays and Meehan. This report summarizes and compares H.R. 3581, H.R. 3526, and current law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species List Revisions: A Summary of Delisting and Downlisting

Endangered Species List Revisions: A Summary of Delisting and Downlisting

Date: January 5, 1998
Creator: Noecker, Robert J
Description: This report outlines the process and reasons for delisting or downlisting, and summarizes the 27 species delisted due to extinction, recovery, or data revision, and the 22 species that have been downlisted from endangered to threatened status due to stabilized or improving populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species Act Amendments: An Analysis of S. 1180 and H.R. 2351

Endangered Species Act Amendments: An Analysis of S. 1180 and H.R. 2351

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: Because of wide-spread interest in possible amendments to the Endangered Species Act (ESA), CRS has received numerous requests for an analysis and critique of S.1180 and H.R. 2351. This report analyzes those bills. HR. 2351 was introduced on July 31, 1997 and S. 1180 on September 16, 1997. Each bill is discussed under various topic headings. The Senate bill will be described first, since it has been reported.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environment in Fast Track Trade Authority: Summary of the Clinton Administration Proposal

Environment in Fast Track Trade Authority: Summary of the Clinton Administration Proposal

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: President Clinton has asked Congress for "fast track" authority for implementing future trade agreements; this authority would limit congressional debate and prevent amendments to implementing legislation. Delays in completing this proposal were attributed to difficulties in reconciling conflicting pressures over environment and labor concerns. The President's proposal contains references to environmental concerns, but various interests are likely to seek clarification on these points.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Bills in the 105th Congress: Comparison of H.R. 2183 (Hutchison -Allen), H.R. 3526 (Shays-Meehan), and Current Law

Campaign Finance Bills in the 105th Congress: Comparison of H.R. 2183 (Hutchison -Allen), H.R. 3526 (Shays-Meehan), and Current Law

Date: July 22, 1998
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: As pledged by Speaker Gingrich, the House renewed consideration of campaign finance reform in May 1998. The principal bill is H.R. 2183, known as the freshman bipartisan bill, introduced July 17, 1997, by Messrs. Hutchinson and Allen. Selected floor amendments and substitutes will be in order. The legislation that has generated the most publicity in the 105th Congress has been the McCain-Feingold bill (S. 25), offered on March 19, 1998, as H.R. 3526 by Messrs. Shays and Meehan;1 this has also been offered as substitute amendment no. 13 to H.R. 2183 in the current debate. Table 1 highlights key differences between the two bills, and Table 2 summarizes and compares H.R. 2183, H.R. 3526, and current law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department