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 Decade: 1980-1989
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Campaign Financing in Federal Elections: A Guide to the Law and Its Operation

Campaign Financing in Federal Elections: A Guide to the Law and Its Operation

Date: August 8, 1986
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: This report provides an introduction to the laws governing the financing of Federal election campaigns and presents data on campaign finance activity in the 1980’s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion: Legislative Control

Abortion: Legislative Control

Date: March 18, 1988
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: In 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Constitution protects a woman's decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy (Roe v. Wade), and that a State may not unduly burden the exercise of that fundamental right by regulations that prohibit or substantially limit access to the means of effectuating that decision (Doe v. Bolton). However, the issue of a woman's right to an abortion is far from settled. This report discusses the various legislative actions undertaken since 1973 to either nullify these rulings or hinder their effectuation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Insanity Defense: An Overview and Legislative Proposals

The Insanity Defense: An Overview and Legislative Proposals

Date: July 19, 1982
Creator: Marion, Catherine
Description: This report will discuss the insanity defense as used in the federal courts. It will briefly trace the history of the evolution of that defense from its earliest formulation to the version used in the John Hinckley case, and will provide, in summary form, descriptive analysis of various pieces of Legislation to change federal law with regard to the substantive definition of the defense, the allocation of the burden of persuasion when the defense is invoked, and procedures following the successful use of the defense.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobby Act Reform

Lobby Act Reform

Date: March 19, 1981
Creator: Sachs, Richard C
Description: This report discusses the methods to achieve effective accountability form lobbyists groups and individuals who seek to influence the governmental decision-making process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
P.L. 97-320, Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982: A Brief Explanation

P.L. 97-320, Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982: A Brief Explanation

Date: November 1, 1982
Creator: Wells, F. Jean
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Controversy

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Controversy

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American comnerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automobile Domestic Content Requirements

Automobile Domestic Content Requirements

Date: May 18, 1982
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: In response to the lowest drop of American produced automobile sales in two decades and other related conditions, legislation has been introduced that would impose domestic (local) content ratios for automotive vehicles. These would require that cars and trucks sold in the United States in large quantities contain a certain percentage of American parts and labor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Catastrophic Health Insurance: Comparison of the Major Provisions of the "Medicare Catastrophic Protection Act of 1987" (H.R. 2470, as passed by the House July 22, 1987) and the "Medicare Catastrophic Loss Prevention Act of 1987" (S. 1127, as passed by the Senate Finance Committee, July 27, 1987)

Catastrophic Health Insurance: Comparison of the Major Provisions of the "Medicare Catastrophic Protection Act of 1987" (H.R. 2470, as passed by the House July 22, 1987) and the "Medicare Catastrophic Loss Prevention Act of 1987" (S. 1127, as passed by the Senate Finance Committee, July 27, 1987)

Date: August 5, 1987
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: Catastrophic Health Insurance: Comparison of the Major Provisions of the “Medicare Catastrophic Protection Act of 1987” (H.R. 2470, as passed by t h e House July 22, 1987) and the "MEDICARE CATASTROPHIC LOSS PREVENTION ACT OF 1987" (S. 1127, as reported by the S e n a t e Finance Committee, July 27, 1987)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Reform: A Summary and Analysis of Legislative Proposals In the 98th and 99th Congresses

Campaign Finance Reform: A Summary and Analysis of Legislative Proposals In the 98th and 99th Congresses

Date: January 5, 1987
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: This report summarizes and analyzes on a conceptual basis the 108 bills and major amendments offered in the 98th and 99th Congresses which proposed changes in the campaign finance laws governing Federal elections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enterprise Zones

Enterprise Zones

Date: April 30, 1982
Creator: Breckenridge, Charlotte
Description: The enclosed material discusses the concept of urban enterprise zones, outlines the administration's proposals for the zones, and includes the major arguments for and against their creation. Because of considerable congressional interest in the enterprise zone concept, we have included a comparison of the major bills relating to enterprise zones introduced in the 97th Congress along with a bibliography for those who desire to research the subject in greater detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Date: October 21, 1983
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: The Reagan Administration announced its major crime Control proposals in 1981, shortly after the final report from the Attorney General's Task Force on Violent Crimes, and reiterated support for significant changes in Crime control legislation in 1983. Congressional initiatives and modifications of those proposals continue interest and controversy in crime control matters in the 98th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Black and Hispanic Federal Judges: 1900 to Present

Black and Hispanic Federal Judges: 1900 to Present

Date: August 9, 1983
Creator: Bailey, Dorothy J
Description: This report shows that in recent years, attention has increasingly focused upon the minority composition of the Federal judiciary, in apparent response to concerns that judges appointed to the Federal bench should more compositely reflect the U.S. population they serve. Two of the larger U.S. subpopulations served by the Federal judiciary are blacks and Hispanics. Accordingly, this mini brief lists chronologically and cumulatively the appointments of blacks and Hispanics to the Federal bench, which includes the U.S.Supreme Court, Circuit Courts of Appeals, and District courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Synopses of Reported Decisions of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in which Judge Robert Heron Bork Authorized a Signed Opinion or Other Statement: 1982-1987

Synopses of Reported Decisions of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in which Judge Robert Heron Bork Authorized a Signed Opinion or Other Statement: 1982-1987

Date: August 13, 1987
Creator: Morgan, Paul L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Martial Law in Poland

Martial Law in Poland

Date: January 21, 1983
Creator: Goldman, Stuart D & Engel, Victoria L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform Effects

Tax Reform Effects

Date: May 13, 1987
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 As Amended by P.L. 97-35, The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 As Amended by P.L. 97-35, The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981

Date: August 25, 1981
Creator: Smith, Mary F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Debt Ceiling: Its Current Status

Public Debt Ceiling: Its Current Status

Date: May 31, 1984
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals for Revision of the Communications Act of 1934: Telecommunications Issues

Proposals for Revision of the Communications Act of 1934: Telecommunications Issues

Date: November 19, 1982
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Date: March 1, 1983
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: Congress passed legislation late in 1982 that is expected to have a significant effect on the annual net earnings of independent truckers. About 90 percent of fresh produce, most used household goods, and from one-third to one-half of all fabricated steel and other commodities transported by truck are hauled by independent truckers. The legislation raised the Federal fuel tax by 5 cents per gallon and significantly raised a highway use tax that is based on the weight of the vehicle. The legislation also allowed truckers to use two trailers, longer and wider vehicles, and carry heavier loads. This CRS report discusses these 1982 changes in Federal legislation. It also contains an estimate of the upper and lower bound of the impact that these changes could have on the annual net earnings of independent truckers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How the Food Stamp Program Works

How the Food Stamp Program Works

Date: October 7, 1982
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report briefly describes the present operation of the Food Stamp program, reflecting legislative revisions through 1982.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Date: February 1, 1986
Creator: Schick, Allen
Description: The report explains briefly the major features of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), commonly referred to as the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act. Following a short overview of the deficit reduction process, the report outlines the deficit control timetable for each of fiscal years 1987-1991, and the accelerated timetable for fiscal year 1986, describes the procedures for eliminating excess deficits, discusses how to compute the required spending reductions, and summarizes the sequestration of funds for fiscal year 1986. The report also identifies the programs exempted from emergency deficit reduction procedures and those that have special rules for making reductions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act

Reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act

Date: April 12, 1982
Creator: Jolly, William C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Date: June 23, 1980
Creator: Zaritsky, Howard
Description: This report examines various legal issues raised by Federal and State laws restricting foreign ownership in U. S. property. The report examines the constitutional barriers to Federal and State laws restricting such ownership, and the possible constitutional predicates for Federal legislation regulating foreign ownership of property in the united States. The impact of treaties to which the United States is a party on both Federal and State restrictions on the rights of foreign persons to own U.S. property is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department