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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Independent Counsels, Special Prosecutors, Special Counsels, and the Role of Congress

Independent Counsels, Special Prosecutors, Special Counsels, and the Role of Congress

Date: June 20, 2013
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: Report that provides information on the procedure for the appointment of an "independent counsel," a "special prosecutor," or a "special counsel" to investigate and prosecute potential or possible violations of federal criminal law by officials in the executive branch of the federal government and in federal agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monopoly and Monopolization - Fundamental But Separate Concepts in U.S. Antitrust Law

Monopoly and Monopolization - Fundamental But Separate Concepts in U.S. Antitrust Law

Date: June 28, 1999
Creator: Rubin, Janice E
Description: This report illustrates the difference between the concepts of “monopoly” and “monopolization” by touching on the monopoly/monopolization thinking in the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice (DoJ) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), as illustrated in (1) statements on merger enforcement made by recent antitrust enforcement officials (generally indicative of the agencies’ concerns about competitive conditions and the effect of various market transactions), (2) the 1992 Horizontal Merger Guidelines 2 and (3) some observations on the Government actions against the Microsoft and Intel Corporations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monopoly and Monopolization - Fundamental But Separate Concepts in U.S. Antitrust Law

Monopoly and Monopolization - Fundamental But Separate Concepts in U.S. Antitrust Law

Date: August 20, 2001
Creator: Rubin, Janice E
Description: This report illustrates the difference between the concepts of “monopoly” and “monopolization” by touching on the monopoly/monopolization thinking in the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice (DoJ) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), as illustrated in (1) statements on merger enforcement made by recent antitrust enforcement officials (generally indicative of the agencies’ concerns about competitive conditions and the effect of various market transactions), (2) the 1992 Horizontal Merger Guidelines 2 and (3) some observations on the Government actions against the Microsoft and Intel Corporations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 852: The Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution Act of 2005

S. 852: The Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution Act of 2005

Date: February 7, 2006
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report provides an overview of S. 852, the Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution (FAIR) Act of 2005. The bill would establish the Office of Asbestos Disease Compensation to award damages to asbestos claimants from the Asbestos Injury Claims Resolution Fund.
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Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report examines the source of the contempt power, reviews the historical development of the early case law, outlines the statutory and common law basis for Congress's contempt power, and analyzes the procedures associated with inherent contempt, criminal contempt, and the civil enforcement of subpoenas. It also includes a detailed discussion of two recent information access disputes that led to the approval of contempt citations in the House against then-White House Chief of Staff Joshua Bolten and former White House Counsel Harriet Miers, as well as Attorney General Eric Holder. Finally, the report discusses both non-constitutional and constitutionally-based limitations on the contempt power.
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Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Date: April 10, 2014
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report examines the source of the contempt power, reviews the historical development of the early case law, outlines the statutory and common law basis for Congress's contempt power, and analyzes the procedures associated with inherent contempt, criminal contempt, and the civil enforcement of subpoenas. It also includes a detailed discussion of two recent information access disputes that led to the approval of contempt citations in the House against then-White House Chief of Staff Joshua Bolten and former White House Counsel Harriet Miers, as well as Attorney General Eric Holder. Finally, the report discusses both non-constitutional and constitutionally-based limitations on the contempt power.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Date: May 8, 2012
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report examines the source of the contempt power, reviews the historical development of the early case law, outlines the statutory and common law basis for Congress's contempt power, and analyzes the procedures associated with inherent contempt, criminal contempt, and the civil enforcement of subpoenas. In addition, the report discusses both non-constitutional and constitutionally based limitations on the power. Finally, the report includes a discussion of the significance of the House Judiciary Committee dispute with the White House over the dismissal of several U.S. Attorneys that resulted in votes for criminal contempt of Congress and the United States District Court opinion in Committee on the Judiciary v. Miers.
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Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: Law, History, Practice, and Procedure

Date: August 17, 2012
Creator: Garvey, Todd
Description: This report examines the source of the contempt power, reviews the historical development of the early case law, outlines the statutory and common law basis for Congress's contempt power, and analyzes the procedures associated with inherent contempt, criminal contempt, and the civil enforcement of subpoenas. The report also includes a detailed discussion of two recent information-access disputes that led to the approval of contempt citations in the House against then-White House Chief of Staff Joshua Bolten and former White House Counsel Harriet Miers, as well as Attorney General Eric Holder. Finally, the report discusses both non-constitutional and constitutionally-based limitations on the contempt power.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Date: February 25, 2014
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2015 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2015 Appropriations

Date: May 23, 2014
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses legal issues related to state and local measures that limit law enforcement cooperation with federal immigration authorities. It includes legal background and select limitations on immigration enforcement including traditional "sanctuary" policies, declining to honor immigration detainers, shielding juveniles from federal detection, and modifying criminal sentences to avoid immigration consequences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2015 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2015 Appropriations

Date: June 1, 2014
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Responsibility Determinations Under the Federal Acquisition Regulation: Legal Standards and Procedures

Responsibility Determinations Under the Federal Acquisition Regulation: Legal Standards and Procedures

Date: August 18, 2010
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the standards and procedures that federal agencies use in making responsibility determinations under the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). As a general rule, government agencies contract with the lowest qualified responsible bidder or offeror. Responsibility is an attribute of the contractor, while price and qualifications are attributes of the bid or offer. Under the FAR, "[n]o purchase or award shall be made unless the contracting officer makes an affirmative determination of responsibility."
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A Primer on the Reviewability of Agency Delay and Enforcement Discretion

A Primer on the Reviewability of Agency Delay and Enforcement Discretion

Date: September 4, 2014
Creator: Shedd, Daniel T. & Garvey, Todd
Description: This report discusses the general legal principles applied in determining whether administrative delays are reviewable in court in these two different contexts and then address whether the procedures outlined in the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) are applicable to these delays.
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Offices of Inspectors General and Law Enforcement Authority: In Brief

Offices of Inspectors General and Law Enforcement Authority: In Brief

Date: September 8, 2014
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report identifies the laws and regulations that vest certain offices of inspector general (OIGs) with law enforcement authority, which permits the use of guns and ammunition. This report also describes some of the requirements and expectations of OIGs that have law enforcement authority, and includes some reasons that OIGs have expressed a need for law enforcement authority.
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Conducting Foreign Relations Without Authority: The Logan Act

Conducting Foreign Relations Without Authority: The Logan Act

Date: January 20, 2010
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses the Logan Act, which was intended to prohibit United States citizens without authority from interfering in relations between the United States and foreign governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2010 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2010 Appropriations

Date: August 26, 2009
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2010 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2010 Appropriations

Date: January 5, 2010
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Money Laundering: An Abridged Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1956 and Related Federal Criminal Law

Money Laundering: An Abridged Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1956 and Related Federal Criminal Law

Date: February 8, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This is an overview of the elements of federal criminal money laundering statutes and the sanctions imposed for their violation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Date: November 1, 2013
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Arbitration Act: Background and Recent Developments

The Federal Arbitration Act: Background and Recent Developments

Date: August 15, 2003
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: Enacted in 1925, the Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”) seeks to ensure the validity and enforcement of arbitration agreements in any “maritime transaction or . . . contract evidencing a transaction involving commerce.” In general, the FAA evidences a national policy favoring arbitration. However, the application of the FAA to various types of arbitration agreements has been the subject of numerous lawsuits. This report provides a brief legislative history of the FAA, as well as a review of selected cases that have interpreted the FAA. The report also discusses bills introduced during the 108th Congress that would amend the FAA to address the use of arbitration to resolve employment and specific contract disputes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Arbitration Act: Background and Recent Developments

The Federal Arbitration Act: Background and Recent Developments

Date: June 17, 2002
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: Enacted in 1925, the Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”) seeks to ensure the validity and enforcement of arbitration agreements in any “maritime transaction or a contract evidencing a transaction involving commerce.” This report provides a brief legislative history of the FAA, as well as a review of selected cases that have interpreted the FAA. The report also discusses bills introduced during the 107th Congress that would amend the FAA for various purposes. Of the nine measures that have been introduced, five bills would amend the FAA to address arbitration and employment disputes. The remaining bills address arbitration in motor vehicle franchise contracts and arbitration and consumer credit contracts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Responsibility Determinations Under the Federal Acquisition Regulation: Legal Standards and Procedures

Responsibility Determinations Under the Federal Acquisition Regulation: Legal Standards and Procedures

Date: October 1, 2010
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the standards and procedures that federal agencies use in making responsibility determinations under the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). It discusses (1) how responsibility determinations relate to other mechanisms that the government relies upon to ensure that contractors are responsible and otherwise eligible for federal contracts; (2) the performance-related and collateral standards used in making responsibility determinations; (3) the procedures for making responsibility determinations; and (4) recently enacted or proposed amendments to the standards or procedures for responsibility determinations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

Date: July 10, 2015
Creator: Garcia, Michael J. & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses legal issues related to state and local measures that limit law enforcement cooperation with federal immigration authorities. The report begins by providing a brief overview of the constitutional principles informing the relationship between federal immigration authorities and state and local jurisdictions, including the federal government's power to preempt state and local activities under the Supremacy Clause, and the Tenth Amendment's proscription against Congress directly "commandeering" the states to administer a federally enacted regulatory scheme.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department