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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act

Date: July 24, 2013
Creator: Vann, Adam & Meltz, Robert
Description: Report that examines the Natural Resources Damage Assessment (NRDA) process under the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) in the context of the Deepwater Horizon spill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act

The 2010 Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act

Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill leaked an estimated 4.1 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, damaging the waters, shores, and marshes, and the fish and wildlife that live there. When resources in the public trust are harmed by contamination, federal, state, foreign, and tribal governments may seek compensation for damage to natural resources under certain laws. This is done in two steps: first, by assessing the harm; then, by determining how and what restoration will take place. Compensation for natural resource damage is intended to restore the natural resources to their condition before the damage and to compensate the public for the lost use of those resources. This report discusses legislation that provides a framework for assessing and mitigating the damage caused by such spills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Oil Spill: The Minerals Management Service (MMS) and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

The 2010 Oil Spill: The Minerals Management Service (MMS) and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

Date: June 4, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report will review environmental procedures after an exploratory oil well in the Gulf of Mexico exploded, killing 11 people and causing an oil spill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

S. 2262, Shaheen-Portman Bill 2014: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report reviews the provisions of S. 2262, highlights the most controversial bill provision, and identifies potential amendments to the bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: July 8, 2010
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe and discuss the provisions for providing abortion services to military personnel, their dependents and other military health care beneficiaries at military medical facilities. The report describes the history of these provisions, with particular emphasis on legislative actions. Finally, this report discusses a number of proposals to modify the law as well as other related legislative and administrative actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: June 7, 2012
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe and discuss the provisions for providing abortion services to military personnel, their dependents, and other military health care beneficiaries at military medical facilities. The report describes the history of these provisions, with particular emphasis on legislative actions. Finally, this report discusses a number of proposals to modify the law, as well as other related legislative and administrative actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe and discuss the provisions for providing abortion services to military personnel, their dependents, and other military health care beneficiaries at military medical facilities. The report describes the history of these provisions, with particular emphasis on legislative actions. Finally, this report discusses a number of proposals to modify the law, as well as other related legislative and administrative actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities

Date: December 16, 2010
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe and discuss the provisions for providing abortion services to military personnel, their dependents, and other military health care beneficiaries at military medical facilities. The report describes the history of these provisions, with particular emphasis on legislative actions. Finally, this report discusses a number of proposals to modify the law, as well as other related legislative and administrative actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Government Information in the United States: A Primer

Access to Government Information in the United States: A Primer

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Greene, Michael
Description: This report offers an introduction to the four access laws and provides citations to additional resources related to these statutes. It includes statistics on the use of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) and on litigation related to FOIA. In addition, this report provides some examples of the methods Congress, the President, and the courts have employed to provide or require the provision of information to one another, as well as a list of resources related to transparency, secrecy, access, and nondisclosure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Achievements of and Outlook for Sanctions on Iran

Achievements of and Outlook for Sanctions on Iran

Date: April 22, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes the effect that sanctions have had in contributing to the achievement of U.S. objectives on Iran and analyzes several scenarios that might affect whether sanctions are eased or increased, or that might affect the effectiveness of the sanctions. It briefly reviews the imposition of sanctions, both by the United States and the international community, and discusses their stated objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administrative Agencies and Claims of Unreasonable Delay: Analysis of Court Treatment

Administrative Agencies and Claims of Unreasonable Delay: Analysis of Court Treatment

Date: March 21, 2013
Creator: Shedd, Daniel T.
Description: This report discusses judicial remedies available for delayed agency actions that are somewhat limited. Generally, a court is restricted to ordering an agency to act by a specific deadline. The following sections outline the timing requirements imposed by the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), discuss the available judicial remedies when actions are found to be unreasonably delayed, and provide an examination of cases where courts have been asked to compel agency action. Finally, the report concludes with a discussion of legislative tools that Congress can use to try to set agency priorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Date: June 23, 2014
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report discusses government advertising that can be controversial if it conflicts with citizens' views about the proper role of government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report looks at what government agencies are spending on advertising, including the difficulties of estimating advertising expenditures and the restrictions on government advertising.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Date: April 6, 2012
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: A look at government agencies spending on advertising.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Date: April 28, 2010
Creator: Shields, Dennis A. & Chite, Ralph M.
Description: This report has two sections. The first provides an overview of the current USDA disaster assistance programs: federal crop insurance, NAP payments, emergency disaster loans, the new Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program (SURE), and four other smaller disaster programs authorized in the 2008 farm bill. The second section reviews the recent history of emergency supplemental farm disaster assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Date: October 25, 2010
Creator: Shields, Dennis A. & Chite, Ralph M.
Description: This report has two sections. The first provides an overview of the current U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) disaster assistance programs: federal crop insurance, NAP payments, emergency disaster loans, the new Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program (SURE), and four other smaller disaster programs authorized in the 2008 farm bill. The second section reviews the recent history of emergency supplemental farm disaster assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Date: May 20, 2015
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report briefly discusses the federal grand jury, which exists to investigate crimes against the United States and to secure the constitutional right of grand jury indictment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture-Based Biofuels: Overview and Emerging Issues

Agriculture-Based Biofuels: Overview and Emerging Issues

Date: October 14, 2010
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report reviews the evolution of the U.S. biofuels sector and the role that federal policy has played in shaping its development. In addition, it highlights emerging issues that are critical to the biofuels sector and of relevance to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aiding, Abetting, and the Like: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 2

Aiding, Abetting, and the Like: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 2

Date: October 24, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discuses the issues that virtually every federal criminal statute has a hidden feature; helpers and hands-on offenders face the same punishment. This results from 18 U.S.C. 2, which visits the same consequences on anyone who orders or assists in the commission of a federal crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airline Passenger Rights: The Federal Role in Aviation Consumer Protection

Airline Passenger Rights: The Federal Role in Aviation Consumer Protection

Date: July 21, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report examines aviation consumer protections following the 1978 elimination of most governmental control regarding airline business practices. It explains the roles of Congress and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) in protecting airline consumers, and discusses some major passenger rights issues and related laws and regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alien Removals and Returns: Overview and Trends

Alien Removals and Returns: Overview and Trends

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory framework for alien removal and briefly describes the standard removal process. It also describes several streamlined forms of removal, and two alternative forms of removal (often referred to as returns) that exempt aliens from certain penalties associated with formal removal: voluntary departure and withdrawal of petition for admission. In addition, the report discusses recent trends in removals and returns, and concludes with a summary of potential avenues for relief from removal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (H.R. 5116) and the America COMPETES Act (P.L. 110-69): Selected Policy Issues

America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (H.R. 5116) and the America COMPETES Act (P.L. 110-69): Selected Policy Issues

Date: July 28, 2010
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.; Sargent, John F., Jr. & Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report provides background information on P.L. 110-69 and H.R. 5116, includes information about related legislative activity in the 111th Congress, and analyzes four policy issues addressed by these measures: (1) STEM Education, (2) Federal Research Programs and Activities, (3) Broadening Participation, and (4) Funding. It also discusses selected policy concerns identified in the debate about U.S. competitiveness and describes how H.R. 5116 responds to those concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of the Regulatory Burden on Small Banks

An Analysis of the Regulatory Burden on Small Banks

Date: April 22, 2015
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report explains the concept of regulatory burden and the different ways it can be manifested. It analyzes whether small banks are relatively more burdened by regulation than big banks. To help answer that question, the report looks at the relative treatment of small and large banks in recent major regulatory proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appointment of African American U.S. Circuit and District Court Judges: Historical Overview and Current Data

Appointment of African American U.S. Circuit and District Court Judges: Historical Overview and Current Data

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Description: This report briefly provides historical and statistical information related to the appointment of African Americans as U.S. circuit and district court judges. Such information addresses ongoing congressional interest in the demographic characteristics of lower federal court judges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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