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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iran: Interim Nuclear Agreement and Talks on a Comprehensive Accord

Iran: Interim Nuclear Agreement and Talks on a Comprehensive Accord

Date: February 2, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses the nuclear agreement talks between Iran and the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany -- collectively known as the "P5+1 -- which finalized an interim agreement ("Joint Plan of Action," JPA) requiring Iran to freeze many aspects of its nuclear program in exchange for relief from some international sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Same-Sex Marriage: A Legal Overview

Same-Sex Marriage: A Legal Overview

Date: January 30, 2015
Creator: Perry, Rodney M.
Description: This report provides background on, and analysis of, significant legal issues surrounding the same-sex marriage debate. It begins by providing background on the constitutional principles that are often invoked in attempting to invalidate same-sex marriage bans--namely, equal protection and due process guarantees. Then, it discusses key cases that led to the existing circuit split on the constitutionality of state same-sex marriage bans. Finally, this report explains the central issues in the circuit split and analyzes how the Supreme Court might resolve them on appeal.
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Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran. U.S. sanctions have been a major feature of U.S. Iran policy since Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution, but U.N. and worldwide bilateral sanctions on Iran are a relatively recent (post-2006) development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: January 26, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. It also discusses ways in which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Date: January 26, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report shows in tabular form how much the Administration requested and how much Congress appropriated for U.S. payments to the multilateral development banks (MDBs) since 2000. It also provides a brief description of the MDBs and the ways they fund their operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees' Retirement System: Summary of Recent Trends

Federal Employees' Retirement System: Summary of Recent Trends

Date: January 23, 2015
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes recent trends in the characteristics of annuitants and current employees covered by the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS) as well as the financial status of the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund (CSRDF).
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U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

Date: January 23, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report discusses the United States, and European Union policies with Russia in response to the crisis in Ukraine.
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The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA): An Overview of Programs and Funding

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA): An Overview of Programs and Funding

Date: January 21, 2015
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report provides an overview of funding and programs of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) bureau.
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Iraqi and Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Programs

Iraqi and Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Programs

Date: January 20, 2015
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report analyzes the special immigrant visas (SIVs) classifications for Iraqis and Afghans within the context of both the larger INA special immigrant category and selected other permanent admissions categories. It discusses the legislative changes to the individual Iraqi and Afghan special immigrant programs since their initial authorization, provides statistics on visa issuances, and considers challenges that have faced the programs.
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Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion

Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion

Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: The first section of this report reviews what countries might be considered tax havens, including a discussion of the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) initiatives and lists. The next two sections discuss, in turn, the corporate profit-shifting mechanisms and evidence on the existence and magnitude of profit-shifting activity. The following two sections provide the same analysis for individual tax evasion. The report concludes with overviews of alternative policy options, a summary of legislation enacted in the 111th Congress, and a summary of specific legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department