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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iran Nuclear Agreement

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides background on the agreement negotiated by Iran and six other countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany--collectively known as the P5+1) regarding Iran's nuclear program, and discusses the implications for U.S.-Iran relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Regulatory Relief" for Banking: Selected Legislation in the 114th Congress

"Regulatory Relief" for Banking: Selected Legislation in the 114th Congress

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Gnanarajah, Raj; Labonte, Marc; Murphy, Edward V. & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report discusses regulatory relief legislation for banks in the 114th Congress that has seen floor action or has been ordered to be reported by a committee. Many, but not all, of the bills would make changes to the Dodd-Frank Act (P.L. 111-203), a wide-ranging financial reform enacted in response to the financial crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: A Comparison of S. 1747, S. 2144, and H.R. 757

North Korea: A Comparison of S. 1747, S. 2144, and H.R. 757

Date: January 15, 2016
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: This report compares S. 1747, the North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act of 2015, as introduced in the Senate by Senator Menendez on July 9, 2015; S. 2144, the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2015, introduced in the Senate by Senator Gardner on October 6, 2015; and H.R. 757, the North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act of 2015, introduced in the House by Representative Royce on February 5, 2015, and passed, as amended by the Committee on Foreign Affairs, by the House on January 12, 2016, by a vote of 418-2.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 15, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative, with details about each of the program's four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses issues regarding Iran's political history and structure. It also takes a look at economic and defense policy responses for Congress, specifically focusing on Iran's nuclear capabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides pertinent background information, reviews the recent enactment of omnibus appropriation measures, and briefly addresses several issues raised by their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: January 12, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides some examples, based on open sources, of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: January 11, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. While legislative initiatives are noted throughout the report, a final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens, Higher Education, In-State Tuition, and Financial Aid: Legal Analysis

Unauthorized Aliens, Higher Education, In-State Tuition, and Financial Aid: Legal Analysis

Date: January 11, 2016
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report surveys key legal issues pertaining to unauthorized alien students' access to higher education, in-state tuition, and financial aid. The existence of a sizable population of "DREAMers" in the United States has prompted questions about these topics. The term DREAMer is widely used to describe aliens who were brought to the United States as children and raised in the U.S., but lack legal immigration status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative, with details about each of the program's four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Quality Issues in the 114th Congress: An Overview

Water Quality Issues in the 114th Congress: An Overview

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses the legislative and oversight issues regarding water quality, as well as wastewater treatment funding issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA and the Army Corps' Rule to Define "Waters of the United States"

EPA and the Army Corps' Rule to Define "Waters of the United States"

Date: January 4, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the revised rule of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) which defines the scope of waters protected under the Clean Water Act (CWA). Agencies refer to this final rule as the Clean Water Rule. This report includes a table comparing the existing regulatory language that defines "waters of the United States" with the revisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Date: January 1, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly provides highlights from an article written by Judge Alex Kozinski of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in which he recommended 26 changes in the U.S. criminal justice system, federal and state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 29, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses issues regarding Iran's political history and structure. It also takes a look at economic and defense policy responses for Congress, specifically focusing on Iran's nuclear capabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: December 25, 2015
Creator: Elias, Bart; Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Description: This report examines aviation, transit and passenger rail security, as well as port and maritime security. The difficulty and cost of protecting the transportation sector from attack raises a core question for policymakers: how much effort and resources to put toward protecting potential targets versus pursuing and fighting terrorists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Locker Rooms Become the New Battleground in the Gender (Identity) Wars

School Locker Rooms Become the New Battleground in the Gender (Identity) Wars

Date: December 24, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses the decision of the Department of Education (ED) to side with a transgender female student in Illinois who alleged that her public high school had discriminated against her when it denied her access to the girls' locker rooms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides an overview of Arctic-related issues for Congress, and refers readers to more in-depth CRS reports on specific Arctic-related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. A final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Foreign Policy

Iran's Foreign Policy

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report analyzes Iranian foreign policy as a whole and by region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Nuclear Agreement

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Date: November 20, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides background on the agreement negotiated by Iran and six other countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany--collectively known as the P5+1) regarding Iran's nuclear program, and discusses the implications for U.S.-Iran relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Obama Administration's November 20, 2014, Actions as to Immigration: Pending Legal Challenges One Year Later

The Obama Administration's November 20, 2014, Actions as to Immigration: Pending Legal Challenges One Year Later

Date: November 20, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses the Obama Administration announcement regarding a number of actions to "fix" what the President has repeatedly described as a "broken" immigration system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran-U.S. Air Service Not Imminent

Iran-U.S. Air Service Not Imminent

Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report discusses the prospect of bilateral air service between Iran and the United States to resume, after the July 2015 agreement in which Iran accepted strict limits on its nuclear program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fifth Circuit Declines to Lift Injunction Barring Implementation of the Obama Administration's 2014 Deferred Action Programs

Fifth Circuit Declines to Lift Injunction Barring Implementation of the Obama Administration's 2014 Deferred Action Programs

Date: November 12, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses a decision by the Fifth Circuit in which they declined to lift an injunction barring the implementation of the Obama administration's 2014 deferred action programs. Additionally, the decision argued that the expansions are impermissible because they conflict with certain provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Obama Administration Rejects Keystone XL Pipeline Permit Request: Could Congress Nevertheless Approve It?

Obama Administration Rejects Keystone XL Pipeline Permit Request: Could Congress Nevertheless Approve It?

Date: November 9, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses the rejection by Obama administration of TransCanada's application for the Keystone XL pipeline.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department