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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 2471 - 2480 of 3,454
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Food Safety on the Farm: Federal Programs and Selected Proposals

Food Safety on the Farm: Federal Programs and Selected Proposals

Date: March 19, 2009
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report discusses bills introduced into the 110th Congress pertaining to food safety that could affect farmers and ranchers. Several of these bills would expressly have required enforceable on-farm safety standards. Others that focused primarily on post-harvest food safety measures nonetheless might have led to changes in on-farm practices if the regulated sectors (handlers and processors of agricultural products) placed new demands on their suppliers in order to comply. Similar proposals are re-emerging in the 111th Congress, where food safety reform is expected to be on the agenda.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Royalty Relief for U.S. Deepwater Oil and Gas Leases

Royalty Relief for U.S. Deepwater Oil and Gas Leases

Date: April 4, 2009
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report discusses the Gulf of Mexico outer continental shelf (OCS) leasing system including recovery relief and deepwater development as well as Congressional concerns and legislative actions. Various forms of royalty relief are the most common incentives for offshore oil and gas development. The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA) authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to grant royalty relief to promote increased oil and gas production (43 U.S.C. 1337).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Reform in the 111th Congress: Innovation Issues

Patent Reform in the 111th Congress: Innovation Issues

Date: April 9, 2009
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H. & John R. Thomas
Description: This study provides an overview of current patent reform issues. It begins by offering a summary of the structure of the current patent system and the role of patents in innovation policy. The report then reviews some of the broader issues and concerns, including patent quality, the high costs of patent litigation, international harmonization, and speculation in patents, that have motivated these diverse legislative reform proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSR): Program Overview and Issues

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSR): Program Overview and Issues

Date: April 10, 2009
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996, which authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program. The program was intended to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects that were needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to meet the Act's health objectives. It includes an overview of funding, allotments and set-asides, drinking water infrastructure needs, program issues, and legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Issues in the 111th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: April 10, 2009
Creator: Buck, Eugene H. & Upton, Harold F.
Description: This report discusses many federal laws and regulations regarding fish and marine mammals that are important resources in open ocean and nearshore coastal areas. These lows and regulations guide their management as well as the management of their habitat.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)

The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)

Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the increasing international pressure on Iran to curb its nuclear program and how that pressure discourages foreign firms from investing in Iran's energy sector, hindering Iran's efforts to expand oil production. It also discusses the history and progress of the formal U.S. effort to curb energy investment in Iran, which began with the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) in 1996.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Litigation: A Survey

Climate Change Litigation: A Survey

Date: April 15, 2009
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report focuses on the legal debate surrounding climate change. Though the first court decision related to climate change appeared 19 years ago, such litigation has proliferated in just the past six.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Compensation: SEC Regulations and Congressional Proposals

Executive Compensation: SEC Regulations and Congressional Proposals

Date: April 15, 2009
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses appropriate standards for executive compensation and the economic and social impact of escalating pay for corporate executives has led to a controversy regarding the practices of paying these executives
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Credit Bonds: Overview and Analysis

Tax Credit Bonds: Overview and Analysis

Date: April 16, 2009
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: Tax Credit Bonds (TCBs) are a type of bond that offers the holder a federal tax credit instead of interest. This report explains the tax credit mechanism and describes the market for the bonds. It also discusses related pieces of legislation and what the most common uses of the proceeds from TCBs are.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Controversies over Redefining "Fill Material" Under the Clean Water Act

Controversies over Redefining "Fill Material" Under the Clean Water Act

Date: April 20, 2009
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: On May 3, 2002, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (the Corps) announced a regulation redefining two key terms, "fill material" and "discharge of fill material," in rules that implement Section 404 of the Clean Water Act. This report discusses the 2002 rule, focusing on how it changes which material and types of activities are regulated under Section 404 and the significance of these issues, especially for the mining industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department