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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Single European Payments Area (SEPA): Implementation Delays and Implications for the United States

The Single European Payments Area (SEPA): Implementation Delays and Implications for the United States

Date: May 2, 2008
Creator: Eubanks, Walter W.
Description: This report presents a brief background on the efforts to create the Single European Payments Area (SEPA) by the European government and the banking industry. It assesses the current electronic payments systems from the wholesale (large value) level and the retail (small value) level of payments. The report then examines the attempts to develop the pan- European automated clearinghouse system (PEACH).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization: An Overview of Selected Provisions in Proposed Legislation

Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization: An Overview of Selected Provisions in Proposed Legislation

Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: Elias, Bart; Fischer, John W.; Kirk, Robert S.; Luther, Linda; Vincent, Carol Hardy; McCarthy, James E. et al.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief summary and analysis of major legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing Federal Aviation Administration reauthorization process. The report is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport finance; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and miscellaneous programs and provisions. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The No Child Left Behind Act and "Unfunded Mandates": A Legal Analysis of School District of the City of Pontiac v. Secretary of the United States Department of Education

The No Child Left Behind Act and "Unfunded Mandates": A Legal Analysis of School District of the City of Pontiac v. Secretary of the United States Department of Education

Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses some of the implications of the Sixth Circuit's decision in School District of the City of Pontiac v. Secretary of the United States Department of Education. This includes information regarding the potential practical effect, procedural ramifications, and legal impact of both the original ruling and the recent decision to rehear the case.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

Date: May 13, 2008
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: The report discusses the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-Related Congressional Actions in the 112th Congress. The policymakers, including some in Congress, have long called for varying degrees and types of reform to the FCC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Spam": An Overview of Issues Concerning Commercial Electronic Mail

"Spam": An Overview of Issues Concerning Commercial Electronic Mail

Date: May 14, 2008
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report discusses Spam, also called unsolicited commercial email (UCE) or "junk email." Not only can Spam be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic. Proponents of UCE insist it is a legitimate marketing technique that is protected by the First Amendment. This report discusses this issue in detail, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sugar Policy and the 2007 Farm Bill

Sugar Policy and the 2007 Farm Bill

Date: May 15, 2008
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report discusses the sugar policy which is designed to guarantee the price received by sugar crop growers and processors and to operate at “no cost” to the U.S. Treasury.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unanimous Consent Agreements Establishing a 60-Vote Threshold for Passage of Legislation in the Senate

Unanimous Consent Agreements Establishing a 60-Vote Threshold for Passage of Legislation in the Senate

Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: This report discusses the function and effects of adopting a 60-Vote requirement that establishes procedures for the consideration of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Date: May 20, 2008
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report focuses on the terrorism-related grounds for inadmissibility and deportation/removal. It opens with an overview of the terror-related grounds as they evolved through key legislation enacted in recent years. The section on current law explains the legal definitions of "terrorist activity," "engage in terrorist activity," and "terrorist organization," and describes the terror-related grounds for inadmissibility and removal. The report then discusses the alien screening process to determine admissibility and to identify possible terrorists, both during the visa issuance process abroad and the inspections process at U.S. ports of entry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Safe Drinking Water Act: A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report summarizes the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its major programs and regulatory requirements. It excerpts, with several additions, the SDWA chapter of CRS Report RL30798, Environmental Laws: Summaries of Major Statues Administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which provides summaries of the principal environmental statutes administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This report includes the drinking water security provisions added to the SDWA by the Public Heath Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Safe Drinking Water Act: A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report summarizes the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its major programs and regulatory requirements. It excerpts, with several additions, the SDWA chapter of CRS Report RL30798, Environmental Laws: Summaries of Major Statues Administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which provides summaries of the principal environmental statutes administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This report includes the drinking water security provisions added to the SDWA by the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-188).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department