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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Controlled Substances Act: Regulatory Requirements

The Controlled Substances Act: Regulatory Requirements

Date: unknown
Creator: Nichols, James E. & Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report highlights certain non-criminal regulatory requirements of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). The CSA and its implementing regulations establish a framework through which the federal government regulates the use of controlled substances for legitimate medical, scientific, research, and industrial purposes, and prevents these substances from being diverted for illegal purposes.
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Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Date: June 23, 1980
Creator: Zaritsky, Howard
Description: This report examines various legal issues raised by Federal and State laws restricting foreign ownership in U. S. property. The report examines the constitutional barriers to Federal and State laws restricting such ownership, and the possible constitutional predicates for Federal legislation regulating foreign ownership of property in the united States. The impact of treaties to which the United States is a party on both Federal and State restrictions on the rights of foreign persons to own U.S. property is also discussed.
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Lobby Act Reform

Lobby Act Reform

Date: March 19, 1981
Creator: Sachs, Richard C
Description: This report discusses the methods to achieve effective accountability form lobbyists groups and individuals who seek to influence the governmental decision-making process.
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The Immigration and Nationality Act: Questions and Answers

The Immigration and Nationality Act: Questions and Answers

Date: March 11, 1982
Creator: Vialet, Joyce
Description: The basic United States law governing immigration and naturalization is contained in the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, as amended (8 U.S.C. 1101 -- et seq.). This report provides questions and answers to explain the way in which the Immigration and Nationality Act as amended through 1981 regulates the entry of aliens for permanent and temporary residence in the United States, and other major provisions of the law. Emphasis is placed on subjects which have been of particular interest to the Congress in recent years. This supersedes CRS Report No. 81-65 EPW.
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The Insanity Defense: An Overview and Legislative Proposals

The Insanity Defense: An Overview and Legislative Proposals

Date: July 19, 1982
Creator: Marion, Catherine
Description: This report will discuss the insanity defense as used in the federal courts. It will briefly trace the history of the evolution of that defense from its earliest formulation to the version used in the John Hinckley case, and will provide, in summary form, descriptive analysis of various pieces of Legislation to change federal law with regard to the substantive definition of the defense, the allocation of the burden of persuasion when the defense is invoked, and procedures following the successful use of the defense.
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How the Food Stamp Program Works

How the Food Stamp Program Works

Date: October 7, 1982
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report briefly describes the present operation of the Food Stamp program, reflecting legislative revisions through 1982.
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Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Date: March 1, 1983
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: Congress passed legislation late in 1982 that is expected to have a significant effect on the annual net earnings of independent truckers. About 90 percent of fresh produce, most used household goods, and from one-third to one-half of all fabricated steel and other commodities transported by truck are hauled by independent truckers. The legislation raised the Federal fuel tax by 5 cents per gallon and significantly raised a highway use tax that is based on the weight of the vehicle. The legislation also allowed truckers to use two trailers, longer and wider vehicles, and carry heavier loads. This CRS report discusses these 1982 changes in Federal legislation. It also contains an estimate of the upper and lower bound of the impact that these changes could have on the annual net earnings of independent truckers.
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The Liability Insurance Controversy

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American commerce.
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The Liability Insurance Controversy

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American comnerce.
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The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
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The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
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Marine Mammal Protection Act Amendments of 1994

Marine Mammal Protection Act Amendments of 1994

Date: September 28, 1994
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: This report summarizes provisions of the Marine Mammal Protection Act Amendments of 1994 and outlines this Act's implementation schedule for use by Members of Congress and their staff.
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Implementing Acid Rain Legislation

Implementing Acid Rain Legislation

Date: November 15, 1994
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses the broad-ranging provisions in Title IV of The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (P.L. 101-549), which raise myriad implementation issues, particularly with respect to the system of tradable "allowances."
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General Overview of United States Antitrust Law

General Overview of United States Antitrust Law

Date: January 11, 1995
Creator: Rubin, Janice E.
Description: This report presents brief summaries of (1) the primary United States antitrust statutes, and (2) some of the activities which are generally considered to be violations of those laws. There is also some reference to the prohibition against unfair competition and the "unfairness" jurisdiction of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). There is not, however, any discussion of the extraterritorial reach of the United States antitrust laws. Further, the laws whose descriptions follow do not constitute all of the statutes which are applicable to antitrust issues, but rather, constitute those which are most often utilized.
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Implementing Acid Rain Legislation

Implementing Acid Rain Legislation

Date: April 5, 1995
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses the broad-ranging provisions in Title IV of The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (P.L. 101-549), which raise myriad implementation issues, particularly with respect to the system of tradable "allowances."
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Habitat Modification and the Endangered Species Act: The Sweet Home Decision

Habitat Modification and the Endangered Species Act: The Sweet Home Decision

Date: July 6, 1995
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the Endangered Species Act, the regulation of the Fish and Wildlife Service defining "harm" for purposes of the "take" prohibitions of the Endangered Species Act.
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Individual Transferable Quotas in Fishery Management

Individual Transferable Quotas in Fishery Management

Date: September 25, 1995
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: This report discusses individual transferable quota (ITQ), which is an allocated privilege of landing a specified portion of the total annual fish catch in the form of quota shares.
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The Farm Bill: Soil and Water Conservation Issues

The Farm Bill: Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Date: December 29, 1995
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: This report discusses resource conservation topics, which are a part of the farm bill debate. Debate on existing programs focuses on reauthorization of the Conservation Reserve Program and possible amendments to the reserve, swampbuster, and conservation compliance.
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Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Date: June 3, 1996
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is the product of legislative efforts stretching back well over a decade and stimulated to passage in part by the tragedies in Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. This report summarizes the six titles of the Act, its sources, and related legislation.
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Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: September 27, 1996
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions upon or regulation of the lobbying activities of non-profit organizations.
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Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Date: April 16, 1997
Creator: Blodgett, John E.
Description: This report discusses a recurring issue in environmental policy: the cost of pollution control imposed on individuals, businesses, and governments.
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Fast-Track Trade Authority: Which Environmental Issues are "Directly Related to Trade"?

Fast-Track Trade Authority: Which Environmental Issues are "Directly Related to Trade"?

Date: October 2, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Trade negotiating objectives have generally been included in fast-track legislation to establish priorities for trade negotiators.
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Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Date: October 17, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Environmental provisions are eligible for the fast-track procedure only if they meet at least one of the principal trade negotiating objectives.
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Federal Advertising Law: An Overview

Federal Advertising Law: An Overview

Date: February 9, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report provides a brief overview of federal law with respect to five selected advertising issues: alcohol advertising, tobacco advertising, the Federal Trade Commission Act, advertising by mail, and advertising by telephone. There are numerous federal statutes regulating advertising that do not fit within any of these categories; as random examples, the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires disclosures in advertisements for prescription drugs ; the Truth in Lending Act governs the advertising of consumer credit ; and a federal criminal statute makes it illegal falsely to convey in an advertisement that a business is connected with a federal agency.
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