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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Intermediate-Level Blends of Ethanol in Gasoline, and the Ethanol "Blend Wall"

Intermediate-Level Blends of Ethanol in Gasoline, and the Ethanol "Blend Wall"

Date: October 18, 2010
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the growing interest in the potential for ethanol to displace petroleum as a transportation fuel, as well as related issues, including current Clean Air Act (CAA) limitation on ethanol content in gasoline; the requests of ethanol producers for an increase of this limitation; and the effects the limitation has upon vehicle and engine warranties and the infrastructures of the automobile and fuel industries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Natural Gas Passenger Vehicles: Availability, Cost, and Performance

Natural Gas Passenger Vehicles: Availability, Cost, and Performance

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: Higher gasoline prices and concerns over U.S. oil dependence have raised interest in natural gas vehicles (NGVs). Use of NGVs for personal transportation has focused on compressed natural gas (CNG) as an alternative to gasoline. Consumer interest has grown, both for new NGVs as well as for conversions of existing personal vehicles to run on CNG. This report finds that the market for natural gas vehicles will likely remain limited unless the differential between natural gas and gasoline prices remains high in order to offset the higher purchase price for an NGV. Conversions of existing vehicles will also continue to be restricted unless the Clean Air Act (CAA) is amended or if the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) makes changes to its enforcement of the CAA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Calculation of Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the Renewable Fuel Standard

Calculation of Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the Renewable Fuel Standard

Date: June 25, 2009
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Bracmort, Kelsi S.
Description: The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) significantly expanded the renewable fuel standard (RFS) established in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. EISA requires an increasing amount of the 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel by 2022 mandate be met with "advanced biofuels." This report defines the classification "biofuels," discusses the ongoing debate regarding several aspects of biofuels endeavors, and discusses related legislative efforts on climate change policy and low-carbon fuel standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: Comparison of S. 2191 as Reported (now S. 3036) with Proposed Boxer Amendment

Climate Change: Comparison of S. 2191 as Reported (now S. 3036) with Proposed Boxer Amendment

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses S. 2191 (the Lieberman-Warner CLimate Security Act of 2008), which was reintroduced as S. 3036 with a deficit reduction amendment. In particular, it provides a comparison of five key differences between the bill and the proposed Boxer Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Political Broadcasts - Regulate or Deregulate?

Political Broadcasts - Regulate or Deregulate?

Date: March 2, 1984
Creator: Yadlosky, Elizabeth & Espenshade, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Excited Utterances, "Testimonial" Statements, and the Confrontation Clause

Excited Utterances, "Testimonial" Statements, and the Confrontation Clause

Date: December 14, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T
Description: The United States Supreme Court will hear oral argument this term in appeals from two state supreme court cases, Hammon v. Indiana and Davis v. Washington, concerning the admissibility of “excited utterance” statements made by non-testifying witnesses at criminal trials. In the landmark Crawford v. Washington case in 2004, the Court held that the Sixth Amendment’s Confrontation Clause forbids hearsay “testimonial” evidence from being introduced against the accused unless the witness is unavailable to testify and the defendant has had a prior opportunity to crossexamine the witness. However, the Crawford Court declined to provide a comprehensive definition of “testimonial,” leaving such task “for another day.”
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gonzales vs. Oregon

Gonzales vs. Oregon

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Harbor for Preclinical Use of Patented Inventions in Drug Research and Development:

Safe Harbor for Preclinical Use of Patented Inventions in Drug Research and Development:

Date: October 7, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USA PATRIOT Act Additional Reauthorizing Amendments Act of 2006 (S. 2271)

USA PATRIOT Act Additional Reauthorizing Amendments Act of 2006 (S. 2271)

Date: February 21, 2006
Creator: Yeh, Brian T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department