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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Date: May 20, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect school aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent Supreme Court decisions, with particular attention to Zelman. It also summarizes the pending case of Davey v. Locke and other recent and ongoing state and lower federal court cases concerning vouchers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Vouchers: The Constitutional Standards

Education Vouchers: The Constitutional Standards

Date: June 11, 1998
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: The Court’s decisions permit a limited degree of public aid to be provided directly and a broader range of assistance indirectly. This report sketches the constitutional standards that apply to public aid to sectarian schools and especially to programs of indirect assistance such as education vouchers. It also summarizes recent significant state court decisions involving vouchers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq

International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq

Date: September 23, 2002
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq

International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq

Date: April 11, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo and NATO: Selected Issues of International Law

Kosovo and NATO: Selected Issues of International Law

Date: April 28, 1999
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Law of Church and State: The Proposed Religious Freedom Amendment, H.J. Res. 78

The Law of Church and State: The Proposed Religious Freedom Amendment, H.J. Res. 78

Date: April 20, 1998
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report summarizes legislative developments on the proposal and briefly analyzes its likely legal effect if added to the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Prayer and School Prayer: The Constitutional Difference

Legislative Prayer and School Prayer: The Constitutional Difference

Date: October 26, 1994
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prayer and Religion in the Public Schools: What Is, and Is Not, Permitted

Prayer and Religion in the Public Schools: What Is, and Is Not, Permitted

Date: September 4, 1980
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Religious Freedom Restoration Act: Its Rise, Fall, and Current Status

The Religious Freedom Restoration Act: Its Rise, Fall, and Current Status

Date: June 25, 1998
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Response to Terrorism: Legal Aspects of the Use of Military Force

Response to Terrorism: Legal Aspects of the Use of Military Force

Date: September 13, 2001
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Suits Against Terrorist States

Suits Against Terrorist States

Date: January 25, 2002
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, 2001-2002 Term

Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, 2001-2002 Term

Date: July 12, 2002
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, 2001-2002 Term

Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, 2001-2002 Term

Date: November 26, 2002
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term

Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term

Date: December 14, 1983
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Religious Freedom Amendment: H.J. Res. 78, As Reported by the House Judiciary Committee

The Religious Freedom Amendment: H.J. Res. 78, As Reported by the House Judiciary Committee

Date: May 28, 1998
Creator: Ackerman, David M & Sayler, James
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Legislation in the 106th Congress: An Overview

Trade Legislation in the 106th Congress: An Overview

Date: February 8, 2000
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Legislation in the 106th Congress: An Overview

Trade Legislation in the 106th Congress: An Overview

Date: March 7, 2001
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J & Jones, Vivian C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

Date: November 30, 2009
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report first examines Germany's economic performance in historical perspective and assesses some of the domestic factors that may be contributing to Germany's suboptimal performance; the second discusses the reform challenges facing Germany's political leaders; and the third section evaluates a few salient U.S.-German economic policy differences and strains that seem to be influenced by Germany's weakened economic situation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Negotiations

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Negotiations

Date: February 4, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report provides: (1) context for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations; (2) analysis of possible trade and investment issues in the negotiations; and (3) discussion of issues for Congress. The U.S.-EU negotiations on TTIP are not public, however, the information and analysis in this report on issues in the negotiations are based on publicly-available information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Reauthorization Legislation: An Overview

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Reauthorization Legislation: An Overview

Date: June 4, 1997
Creator: Aleman, Steven R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
English as the Official Language of the United States: An Overview

English as the Official Language of the United States: An Overview

Date: April 1, 1997
Creator: Aleman, Steven R; Bruno, Andorra & Dale, Charles V
Description: This report provides background on contemporary efforts to declare English the official language, a review of selected issues raised by official English proposals in Congress, and a summary of arguments that have been advanced in favor of and in opposition to such proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act

The 2010 Oil Spill: Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under the Oil Pollution Act

Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill leaked an estimated 4.1 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, damaging the waters, shores, and marshes, and the fish and wildlife that live there. When resources in the public trust are harmed by contamination, federal, state, foreign, and tribal governments may seek compensation for damage to natural resources under certain laws. This is done in two steps: first, by assessing the harm; then, by determining how and what restoration will take place. Compensation for natural resource damage is intended to restore the natural resources to their condition before the damage and to compensate the public for the lost use of those resources. This report discusses legislation that provides a framework for assessing and mitigating the damage caused by such spills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Oil Spill: The Minerals Management Service (MMS) and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

The 2010 Oil Spill: The Minerals Management Service (MMS) and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

Date: June 4, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report will review environmental procedures after an exploratory oil well in the Gulf of Mexico exploded, killing 11 people and causing an oil spill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Gifts and Travel: Legislative Proposals for the 109th Congress

Congressional Gifts and Travel: Legislative Proposals for the 109th Congress

Date: January 17, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: The House and Senate examined their rules on the acceptance of gifts and travel expenses. Press accounts of alleged excesses in privately funded congressional travel and gifts, particularly from lobbyists, have provided an impetus for proposed changes in the 109th Congress. This report provides an analysis of the proposals for change introduced or discussed in the 109th Congress and will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department