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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Intellectual Property Rights Violations: Federal Civil Remedies and Criminal Penalties Related to Copyrights, Trademarks, Patents, and Trade Secrets

Intellectual Property Rights Violations: Federal Civil Remedies and Criminal Penalties Related to Copyrights, Trademarks, Patents, and Trade Secrets

Date: May 27, 2016
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on maritime territorial and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) disputes in the East China (ECS) and South China Sea (SCS) involving China, with a focus on how these disputes may affect U.S. strategic and policy interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Drug Problem: UNGA Convenes for a Special Session

The World Drug Problem: UNGA Convenes for a Special Session

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Rosen, Liana W.
Description: This report briefly discusses the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), which has convened in New York for a special session on "The World Drug Problem." It is the third time the UNGA will convene such a session on global drug issues. Previous special sessions on drugs were held in 1990 and 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 (S. 524): Comparison of Senate- and House-Passed Versions

The Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 (S. 524): Comparison of Senate- and House-Passed Versions

Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Bagalman, Erin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report discusses selected differences and similarities between the Senate- and House-passed versions of the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 (CARA; S. 524), which aims to address the problem of opioid addiction in the United States. The two versions of the bill differ substantially. The scope of the differences may be illustrated by their structures: The Senate bill has 28 sections organized in 8 titles, whereas the House bill has 69 sections organized in 18 titles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure

EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure

Date: May 2, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report examines two recent initiatives by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in which the agency works with states to develop and implement new approaches for water quality goals that will be more cost-effective and address the most pressing water infrastructure problems first. The examples include an integrated planning policy and a framework policy for assessing a community's financial capability to meet objectives and requirements of the Clean Water Act (CWA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Date: June 1, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia; Maguire, Steven & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses several options considered by Congress to address the financing needs of local communities for wastewater and drinking water infrastructure projects and to decrease or close the gap between available funds and projected needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Date: November 1, 2004
Creator: Corn, M. L.; Gelb, Bernard A. & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses one major element of the energy debate in the 108th Congress, which has been whether to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in northeastern Alaska, and if so, under what conditions, or whether to continue to prohibit development to protect the area's biological resources. The Refuge is an area rich in fauna, flora, and commercial oil potential. Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Majority, Concurring, and Dissenting Opinions Authored by Judge Merrick Garland

Majority, Concurring, and Dissenting Opinions Authored by Judge Merrick Garland

Date: May 2, 2016
Creator: Mason, R. C.
Description: This report identifies and briefly summarizes each of the more than 350 cases in which Judge Garland has authored a majority, concurring, or dissenting opinion. Arguably, these written opinions provide the greatest insight into Judge Garland's judicial approach, as a judge's vote in a case or decision to join an opinion authored by a colleague may be based upon a number of considerations and may not necessarily represent full agreement with a joined opinion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of the Interior's Final Rule on Offshore Well Control

The Department of the Interior's Final Rule on Offshore Well Control

Date: June 16, 2016
Creator: Comay, Laura B.
Description: This report discusses regulations regarding blowout preventer systems and well control for oil and gas operations on the U.S. outer continental shelf (81 Fed. Reg. 25887). The regulations aim to reduce the risk of an offshore oil or gas blowout that could jeopardize human safety and harm the environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Nonfederal Areas

U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Nonfederal Areas

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report examines U.S. oil and natural gas production data for federal and non-federal areas with an emphasis on the past five fiscal years of production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Date: November 24, 2004
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: This report discusses soil and water conservation, which were prominent farm policy topics in the 108th Congress as the Administration implemented provisions in the 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171). This farm bill increased spending and expanded the scope of the conservation effort by reauthorizing and amending most existing conservation programs and enacting new ones through FY2007.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: May 9, 2016
Creator: Elias, Bart; Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Description: This report examines aviation, transit and passenger rail security, as well as port and maritime security. The difficulty and cost of protecting the transportation sector from attack raises a core question for policymakers, i.e., how much effort and resources to put toward protecting potential targets versus pursuing and fighting terrorists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation

Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation

Date: November 24, 2004
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: This report discusses a variety of issues pertaining to energy policy. It includes information about most recent developments, background and analysis broken down into major categories, and relevant legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: Implementation and Issues

Safe Drinking Water Act: Implementation and Issues

Date: December 8, 2004
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses key drinking water issues in the 108th Congress involving water infrastructure funding and problems caused by specific contaminants, such as the gasoline additive methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), perchlorate, and lead in drinking water. Congress last reauthorized the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1996, and although funding authority for most SDWA programs expired in FY2003, broad reauthorization efforts were not pursued as EPA, states, and water utilities continued implementing the 1996 amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Resurgence of Unaccompanied Alien Children?

A Resurgence of Unaccompanied Alien Children?

Date: May 27, 2016
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report briefly examines the recently-high number of unaccompanied alien children (UAC). In the first seven months of FY2016, apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico border have approached levels close to what they were in FY2014 when such migration flows reached what were characterized as "crisis" proportions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act--Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies: In Brief

The Buy American Act--Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies: In Brief

Date: April 26, 2016
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the Buy American Act of 1933, which is the earliest and arguably the best known of various statutes regarding federal procurement of domestic products. The act attempts to protect U.S. businesses and labor by restricting the acquisition and use of end products or construction materials that are not "domestic."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Feder, Jody & Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report begins by presenting data on earnings for male and female workers and by discussing explanations that have been offered for the differences in earnings. It next discusses the major laws directed at eliminating sex-based wage discrimination as well as relevant federal court cases. The report closes with a description of pay equity legislation that has been considered or enacted by Congress in recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia; Maguire, Steven & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses several options considered by Congress to address the financing needs of local communities for wastewater and drinking water infrastructure projects and to decrease or close the gap between available funds and projected needs. It provides an overview of six options that are reflected in recent legislative proposals, including their budgetary implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA

Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Wyatt, Alexandra M.
Description: This report provides legal background on the Clean Power Plan rule (CPP) to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), its Clean Air Act (CAA) framework under Section 111, and climate-related lawsuits that have preceded the present litigation over the CPP. It then gives an overview of the participants in the current litigation, including two groups of Members of Congress, who have offered briefs in support of the petitioners and the respondents, respectively. This report explains the major events in the litigation as of the date of publication, including the Supreme Court stay, and the likely timetable of events in the near term.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Date: May 11, 2016
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report opens with an analysis of recent unaccompanied alien children (UAC) apprehension data. It then discusses current policy on the treatment, care, and custody of the population, with a description of the responsibilities of each federal agency involved with the population. The report then discusses both administrative and congressional actions to deal with the UAC surge in FY2014 and ongoing action to address possible future surges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Lifeline Program: Frequently Asked Questions

Federal Lifeline Program: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 2, 2016
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Lifeline Program established by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1985. The program was originally designed to assist eligible low-income households to subsidize the monthly service charges incurred for voice telephone usage and was limited to one fixed line per household.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Framing Spectrum Policy: Legislative Initiatives

Framing Spectrum Policy: Legislative Initiatives

Date: May 18, 2016
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report examines legislative initiatives to address issues regarding radio frequency spectrum management and allocation. Access to radio frequency spectrum is essential to wireless communications. As demand for mobile services increases, from all sectors of society and the economy, so does the need to increase the capacity of wireless networks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2003 Tax Cut: Proposals and Issues

The 2003 Tax Cut: Proposals and Issues

Date: July 16, 2004
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L. & Richards, Don C.
Description: This report provides a brief description of each tax cut proposal, including major proposals offered by the Democrats in both the House and the Senate during 2003. It discusses the distributional affects of the proposals and potential effects on short and long term economic growth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: December 6, 2004
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses issues regarding the Clean Water Act. Prospects for legislative initiatives to comprehensively amend the Clean Water Act (CWA) have stalled for some time over whether and exactly how to change the law, and Congress has recently focused legislative attention on narrow bills to extend or modify selected CWA programs, rather than taking up comprehensive proposals. For example, the 108th Congress enacted one bill amending the CWA, legislation to reauthorize the National Estuary Program (H.R. 4731, P.L. 108-399).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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